Physics Unit

Talata Mafara, Nigeria

Physics Unit

Talata Mafara, Nigeria
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Olumayede E.G.,Federal University, Oye-Ekiti | Sodeinde K.O.,Federal University, Oye-Ekiti | Akintade C.O.,Federal University, Oye-Ekiti | Emmanuel B.O.,Federal University, Oye-Ekiti | And 2 more authors.
Nature Environment and Pollution Technology | Year: 2016

This study sets out to verify the hypothesis that size aggregate of quarry rock particles affects the radiation doses. Samples of freshly and previously crushed finished stone dust of different aggregate size were collected in the factory and airborne dusts were collected around quarry facility during October, 2014 to September, 2015. The activity concentrations of 40K, 238U, and 232Th in samples were determined by gamma ray spectrometry. The average mean activity concentrations in fresh samples for 238U, 232Th and 40K were 35.56±5.67, 42.41±5.66 and 1164.17±16.33 Bq/kg respectively. Meanwhile, those of previous samples were 29.93±6.09, 44.87±5.73 and 1087.94±15.87 Bq/kg for 238U, 232Th and 40K respectively. The radium equivalent values for the stone dust samples in this work are higher than the accepted safe limit of 370 Bq/kg. The committed effective dose via inhalation of dust ranged from 0.450 to 0.471 μSv. It was concluded that prolong inhalation of dust in the area could pose health risk to individual.


Abraham E.M.,Federal University, Ndufu-Alike | Lawal K.M.,Ahmadu Bello University | Ekwe A.C.,Federal University, Ndufu-Alike | Alile O.,University of Benin | And 2 more authors.
Geothermal Energy | Year: 2014

Background: Aeromagnetic data of the Ikogosi warm spring region was used to calculate the basal depth of the magnetic layer (Curie point depth) in the region. The warm spring issues from a crossing of fractures from a metasedimentary suite of Effon Psammite formation which form part of the Precambrian basement complex in Nigeria. Method: The adopted computational method transforms the spatial data into the frequency domain and provides a relationship between radially average power spectrum of the magnetic anomalies and the depths to the respective sources. Heat flow density and equivalent depth extent of heat production from radioactive isotopes in the area were also evaluated. Results: The average Curie point depth for the Ikogosi warm spring area is 15.1 ± 0.6 km and centres on the host quartzite rock unit. The computed equivalent depth extent of heat production provides a depth value (14.5 km) which falls within the Curie point depth margin and could indicate change in mineralogy. The low Curie point depth observed at the warm spring source is attributed to magmatic intrusions at depth. This is also evident from the visible older granite intrusion at Ikere - Ado-Ekiti area, with shallow Curie depths (12.37 ± 0.73 km). Conclusions: Results indicate that the area is promising for further geothermal explorations. © 2014, Abraham et al.


Abraham E.M.,Federal University, Ndufu-Alike | Lawal K.M.,Ahmadu Bello University | Ekwe A.C.,Federal University, Ndufu-Alike | Alile O.,University of Benin | And 2 more authors.
Geothermal Energy | Year: 2014

In reply to Geothermal Energy 2:11 comments about possible errors in our recent paper Geothermal Energy 2:6, 1-21 with title ‘Spectral analysis of aeromagnetic data for geothermal energy investigation of Ikogosi Warm Spring - Ekiti State, southwestern Nigeria’, we show that there are no errors in the published paper. Our choice of 55 × 55 km block dimension slide across the magnetic anomaly map is consistent with the derived Curie point depths. This choice was adopted because of complexity of the geology in the area and the need to sample more data points while preserving the spectral peak. All depth estimates were carefully and thoroughly performed and assessed using tectonic framework, geological and geophysical evidence, heat flow, seismicity, and other independent information. © 2014, Abraham et al.; licensee Springer.

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