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Saint-Genis-Laval, France

Nhac-Vu H.-T.,University of Lyon | Hours M.,University of Lyon | Charnay P.,University of Lyon | Chossegros L.,University of Lyon | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine

The aim of this study was to examine the self-reported health status of road traffic accident victims and the predictors of self-assessed recovery 1 year after major trauma in a French population. Design: A follow-up study. Methods: The cohort comprised 276 seriously injured victims of road traffic accidents, aged > 16 years from the Rhône administrative department, France. Victim characteristics at the time of the crash and self-reported health status 1 year after trauma were collected. Predictive factors for self-assessed recovery were examined using a Poisson regression approach. Results: The majority of victims were male (76%); most had severe injuries (76%), involving mainly the lower limbs and the head (68% and 55%, respectively). At 1-year follow-up, 80% reported being not fully recovered. Self-reported health status was not significantly associated with age, gender, being in employment, type of road user, or health status during the year preceding the accident, but rather with low socioeconomic status, high injury severity, and presence of lower limb injury. Conclusion: Care for subjects who are at high risk of not fully recovering (manual workers, the very seriously injured, and those with lower limb injury) needs to be extended and improved. Longer follow-up studies on the risk factors for not fully recovering are needed in order to reduce harmful consequences for victims. © 2011 The Authors. Source

Hours M.,University Claude Bernard Lyon 1 | Hours M.,University of Lyon | Hours M.,Rehabilitation and Physical Medicine Unit | Chossegros L.,University Claude Bernard Lyon 1 | And 18 more authors.
Accident Analysis and Prevention

Objective: Reducing the rates of death, trauma and sequelae associated with road accidents is the prime goal of road safety authorities, and success requires having data on victims' outcomes in the long term. The present study examined the outcome of adult road accident victims one year after their accident. Design: A follow-up study. Methods: The cohort comprised 886 injured road-accident victims, aged ≥16 years, and living in the Rhône administrative Département, France (taken from the ESPARR Cohort). Data were collected on victim characteristics at the time of crash, and self-reported outcomes one year later. The population of respondents at the one-year questionnaire follow-up was divided into two categories according to injury severity, as mild-to-moderate (M.AIS < 3) or severe (M.AIS 3+). Qualitative variables were compared between these 2 groups using Chi2 or Fisher exact tests. Results: At one year post-accident, 45% of the mild-to-moderate injury group versus only 20% of severely injured subjects reported full recovery of health (p < 0.001). 20% of the cohort, as a whole, reported permanent pain. More than half of the severely injured subjects reported that the accident had had an impact on the everyday life of their family; this was twice as many as in the mild-to-moderate injury group (55% vs. 22%). Most of the severely injured reported impact on leisure, projects and emotional life: 20% reported relational difficulties in the couple, 16% reported impaired sexual life, and the rate of separation was significantly higher than in the mild-to-moderate injury group (5% vs. 1%; p < 0.001). Mean time off work was significantly longer in the severe injury group: 245 ± 158 days vs. 75 ± 104 days (p < 0.001); and 32% of the severe injury group (p < 0.001) who had stopped work had not returned at 1 year, compared to 5% of the mild-to-moderate injury group. Conclusions: One year after a road accident, the consequences for victims remain significant. In terms of physical impact, pain frequently persists, impairing daily life for many. There is an elevated rate of chronic PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder) and a non-negligible impact on affective and occupational life. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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