Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine

Milano, Italy

Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine

Milano, Italy
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Negrinil S.,European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine | Fusco C.,Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine | Ilieva E.,Medical university-Plovdiv | Moslavac S.,Special Medical Rehabilitation Hospital | And 2 more authors.
European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine | Year: 2010

Background. The European Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Journal Network (EPRMJN), a joint initiative between the European Society Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ESPRM) and the European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (EJPRM), has the aim to increase scientific knowledge among PRM specialists and foster collaboration among physical and rehabilitation medicine (PRM) journals. This article reports the results of a survey of national PRM journals in Europe we conducted to obtain an overview of the current state of PRM research in the European setting. Results. Every year 682 PRM papers are published in a total of 66 issues per 3 294 page in the 16 national journals that responded to our survey, out of the 21 published in 15 countries; 12 countries have no PRM journals and two did not respond. Some 94% of the journals responding to the survey have a research aim and 88% an educational aim; all journals use a peer-review process (75% blinded); on average, 58.8 submissions are received per year, of which 6.7% are invited papers; the rejection rate is 21.4%. The majority of papers report original research, and main topics are musculoskeletal and neurological rehabilitation. Conclusion. Since the national journals published in Europe have a good peer review process and publish mainly original articles, it is possible that good research can be found. A major problem is the English language barrier to wider readerships, as many researchers publish only in their native language. The EPRMJN aims to discover this research and make it accessible to international audiences through systematic collection of articles appearing in the national journals of the EPRMJN and publication of content summaries on the ESPRM website.

Maglione E.,Multi Diagnostic Center Benedetto Croce | Marrese C.,Rehabilitation Outpatient Clinic | Migliaro E.,Diabetology Service | Marcuccio F.,Physical & Rehabilitation Medicine Ospedale CTO | And 7 more authors.
Acta Biomedica | Year: 2015

α-lipoic.acid (α-LA) is a potent natural antioxidant because it has a broad spectrum of action towards a great many free radical species and boosts the endogenous antioxidant systems. Although it is a multi-functional molecule, its pharmacokinetic characteristics pose restrictions to its use in the treatment of oxidative stress-dependent pathologies. Formulations that increase the bioavailability of α-LA have a better potential efficacy as adjuvants for the treatment of these conditions. This objective was achieved with a liquid formulation for oral use containing only R-αLA, the natural enantiomeric and most active form of α-lipoic acid. For the first time, the effects of this formulation were evaluated on neuropathic pain, a symptom caused by an increase in oxidative stress, regardless of the underlying cause. Neuropathic patients who have used this dietary supplement noticed an improvement in their quality of life and a significant reduction was observed in a number of certain descriptive pain parameters (intensity, burning, unpleasantness, superficial pain). Undoubtedly further, more in-depth, studies need to be conducted; however, this first investigation confirms the role of R-αLA as an anti-oxidant for the treatment of peripheral neuropathy. Increasing its plasma bioavailability even after a non-invasive administration through the oral route is a good starting point for proposing a valid adjuvant for the treatment of pain symptoms. ( © Mattioli 1885.

Pruszyhska M.A.,Medical University of Lódz | Pruszyhska M.A.,University of Lodz | Kostka J.,Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine | Raczkowski J.W.,Medical University of Lódz | Chmielewski H.M.,University of Lodz
Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski | Year: 2015

Regular physical activity constitutes effective measure of both primary and secondary protection against modem-age diseases. The aim of the paper was to assess the level of patients' knowledge regarding the influence of low physical activity and other modifiable risk factors affecting the increase in stroke occurrence in early stages of rehabilitation (day 9 after the cerebrovascular accident). Materials and methods. The study group included 96 patients hospitalized in the Department of Neurology and Epileptology with Stroke Unit, who were diagnosed with a stroke with motion deficits and who were recommended kinesitherapy. All patients were interviewed, which was complemented with the authors'questionnaire including questions regarding the knowledge of modifiable risk factors of stroke. Results. The risk factor of stoke which was most frequently mentioned by the patients was arterial hypertension - 87 patients (90.6%). Only 7 respondents indicated low physical activity. On average, less risk factors were known by women. No correlation between ago and the number of indicated risk factors was found. Conclusions. Majority of the patients after stroke do not know how important low physical activity is in terms of it being a risk factor of stroke. The most recognized stroke factors are: Arterial hypertension, carotid artery stenosis and atrial fibrillation. The level of patients' knowledge regarding modifiable risk factors of stroke connected with the style of life is insufficient. It is necessary to intensify educational activities that promote physical activity as an important element of prevention of modern-age diseases, including stroke .

Facchin A.,University of Pavia | Facchin A.,University of Milan Bicocca | Beschin N.,Neuropsychological Service | Toraldo A.,University of Pavia | And 2 more authors.
NeuroRehabilitation | Year: 2013

OBJECTIVES: Prism Adaptation (PA) is a technique used in the rehabilitation of unilateral spatial neglect. Several researchers have reported positive results on a number of tasks, but negative outcomes have also been reported. These conflicting results could be due to the use of prisms of different power. The aim of this study was to investigate the amplitude and duration of the aftereffect induced by prisms of different power by different measures in a series of single cases of neglect. METHODS: Five neglect patients and ten control subjects participated in the study. Prism adaptation was evaluated with Subjective Straight Ahead (SSA), Open-Loop Pointing (OLP) and Line Bisection (LB) tasks, immediately before prism adaptation, immediately after, and 10/60 minutes after prism adaptation. The procedure was repeated with prisms of 5, 10 and 20 prismatic diopters (Δ). RESULTS: The OLP task provided the most sensitive measures for the size of the aftereffect. The 20 Δ prism proved to be most effective in inducing an immediate aftereffect, while the aftereffect of the 5Δ prism seemed to last longer. CONCLUSION: We showed that the prism power and the task used for assessing PA effect are relevant variables to be consider in clinical practice of neglect rehabilitation.

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