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Xu X.-L.,Zhejiang Cancer Hospital | Xu X.-L.,China Institute of Technology | Zheng W.-H.,China Institute of Technology | Tao K.-Y.,Zhejiang University of Science and Technology | And 6 more authors.
Medical Oncology | Year: 2014

The p53 protein is involved in many biological functions in cancer, such as cell cycle arrest, DNA repair, apoptosis, senescence, DNA metabolism, angiogenesis, and cellular differentiation. However, the association between p53 expression and clinicopathological findings or prognosis in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is controversial. We designed a large-scale study of 830 operable ESCC patients with a long follow-up to investigate the relationship between p53 expression and the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of patients. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect p53 protein expression. When the patients were divided into two groups, a positive expression group and a negative expression group, p53-positive expression positively correlated with a poorer differentiation level (P = 0.044). The overexpression of p53 was associated with a more advanced clinical stage (P = 0.015). A total of 775 patients were available for survival analysis. The median OS of 160 patients who had p53-positive expression and 486 patients who had p53-negative expression were 58.8 and 46.3 months, respectively (P = 0.021); the median PFS of the two groups were 39.6 and 27.5 months, respectively (P = 0.015). Lymph node metastasis, gender, differentiation, depth of invasion, and p53 protein expression were proven to have an influence on both OS and PFS in a univariate analysis. In the multivariate analysis, p53-positive expression maintained its independent prognostic impact on OS (P = 0.048) and PFS (P = 0.039), as did lymph node metastasis, differentiation, and depth of invasion. We identified that p53 protein-positive expression can serve as an independent, unfavorable prognosis biomarker in ESCC. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source


Xu X.-L.,Zhejiang Cancer Hospital | Xu X.-L.,China Institute of Technology | Zheng W.-H.,China Institute of Technology | Fu Z.-X.,Zhejiang University of Science and Technology | And 7 more authors.
Medical Oncology | Year: 2015

Topoisomerase 2α (Topo2A) is a key enzyme in replication. It functions as a cell proliferation and cell cycle-specific marker and it is identified mainly in the interphase nuclei of proliferating cells. Many studies have shown that Topo2A protein expression is up-regulated in various cancers including esophageal cancer. However, to date, no studies have adequately addressed the prognostic value of Topo2A in patients with resectable esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Therefore, we conducted a large-scale retrospective study investigating the expression of Topo2A and the clinicopathological characteristics or prognosis of ESCC patients. Eight hundred and twenty-nine specimens of ESCC from patients who underwent complete esophageal cancer resection were evaluated using an immunohistochemical assay. Among them, 404 (48.7 %) cases with a score >2 were determined to be positive for Topo2A expression. Topo2A overexpression was significantly associated with poorer differentiation (P = 0.007) and perineural invasion (P = 0.046). The median progression-free survival (PFS) of 319 patients with Topo2A-positive expression and 336 patients with Topo2A-negative expression was 19.5 and 26.5 months, respectively (P = 0.000). The overall survival (OS) in patients with and without Topo2A expression was 34.0 and 44.5 months, respectively (P = 0.002). In the multivariate analysis, Topo2A overexpression was identified as an independent prognostic factor for PFS (P = 0.001) and OS (P = 0.009). We determined that Topo2A overexpression was not only associated with poorer differentiation and perineural invasion, but it could also act as an independent risk factor for ESCC. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source

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