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Bunjongpru W.,Thai Microelectronics Center | Bunjongpru W.,King Mongkuts University of Technology Thonburi | Sungthong A.,Rajanagarindra Rajabhat University | Porntheeraphat S.,Thai Microelectronics Center | And 13 more authors.
Applied Surface Science | Year: 2013

High sensitivity and very low drift rate pH sensors are successfully prepared by using nanocrystal-TiO2 as sensing membrane of ion sensitive field effect transistor (ISFET) device fabricated via CMOS process. This paper describes the physical properties and sensing characteristics of the TiO2 membrane prepared by annealing Ti and TiN thin films that deposited on SiO2/p-Si substrates through reactive DC magnetron sputtering system. The X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and Auger electron spectroscopy were used to investigate the structural and morphological features of deposited films after they had been subjected to annealing at various temperatures. The experimental results are interpreted in terms of the effects of amorphous-to-crystalline phase transition and subsequent oxidation of the annealed films. The electrolyte-insulator-semiconductor (EIS) device incorporating TiON membrane that had been obtained by annealing of TiN thin film at 850 °C exhibited a higher sensitivity (57 mV/pH), a higher linearity (1), a lower hysteresis voltage (1 mV in the pH cycle of 7 → 4 → 7 → 10 → 7), and a smaller drift rate (0.246 mV/h) than did those devices prepared at the other annealing temperatures. Furthermore, this pH-sensing device fabrication process is fully compatible with CMOS fabrication process technology. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

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