Rideout B.A.,Institute for Conservation Research |
Stalis I.,Institute for Conservation Research |
Papendick R.,Institute for Conservation Research |
Pessier A.,Institute for Conservation Research |
And 16 more authors.
Journal of Wildlife Diseases | Year: 2012
We document causes of death in free-ranging California Condors (Gymnogyps californianus) from the inception of the reintroduction program in 1992 through December 2009 to identify current and historic mortality factors that might interfere with establishment of selfsustaining populations in the wild. A total of 135 deaths occurred from October 1992 (the first postrelease death) through December 2009, from a maximum population-at-risk of 352 birds, for a cumulative crude mortality rate of 38%. A definitive cause of death was determined for 76 of the 98 submitted cases, 70%(53/76) of which were attributed to anthropogenic causes. Trash ingestion was the most important mortality factor in nestlings (proportional mortality rate [PMR] 73%; 8/11), while lead toxicosis was the most important factor in juveniles (PMR 26%; 13/50) and adults (PMR 67%; 10/15). These results demonstrate that the leading causes of death at all California Condor release sites are anthropogenic. The mortality factors thought to be important in the decline of the historic California Condor population, particularly lead poisoning, remain the most important documented mortality factors today. Without effective mitigation, these factors can be expected to have the same effects on the sustainability of the wild populations as they have in the past. © Wildlife Disease Association 2012.
News Article | December 23, 2016
With the help of their members and the public, Phoenix-based credit union, Arizona Federal, raised more than $8,000 during their eighth annual holiday raffle, which ended December 9, 2016. The money raised during is used to provide much-needed items to the children who attend the Wilson Community Center and their families. Every year Arizona Federal team members take the funds raised and go on a shopping spree for the Wilson Community Center – buying each child of the classrooms they sponsor a coat, shirt, pants, shoes, socks, hygiene items and a fun toy. Volunteers of the credit union wrap these presents and deliver them as Santa’s helpers for the children to open during their holiday celebration on the last day of school before winter break. In addition to providing holiday gifts, the program has allowed Arizona Federal to help supply uniforms to children attending the school, and provided food bags that the children and their families can take home over extended school breaks. “More than 25 percent of the children attending this school are homeless, and many more rely on the school’s free lunch program for their only meal of the day,” said Julie Rivas, director of risk mitigation and project chair for the holiday raffle. “Through this program, we can help give these kids a chance to just be a kid, and to help their parents stress less about where their family’s food will come from over winter and summer break,” Rivas added. “We’re thankful we can be involved – and that our members have been generous enough to make this program a success year after year.” Arizona Federal’s annual holiday raffle typically takes place from the middle of November through the beginning of December. Anyone who purchases entries is entered into a drawing for prizes that are donated from local businesses and credit union partners. Get Away Today, Desert Botanical Gardens, Bearizona, Ballet Arizona, Don Laughlin’s Riverside Resort, Edgewater Hotel, the Verde Canyon Railroad, Arizona Science Center, Wildlife World Zoo, Phoenix Zoo, Main Event, Children’s Museum of Phoenix, Tropicana Express, Aquarius Laughlin, Aquarium of the Pacific, Texas Roadhouse, Darden Restaurant Group, and Turf Paradise donated prizes for the 2016 raffle. About Arizona Federal Arizona Federal is a $1.4 billion not-for-profit, locally-owned financial cooperative providing financial services and expertise to more than 120,000 member/owners. Founded in 1936, the organization takes its mission of financial empowerment and mutual benefit to heart by providing members cutting-edge self-service tools, financial coaches, identity protection services, and annual member payouts when the cooperative does well. Arizona Federal has locations across the Phoenix metropolitan area. Deposits are insured by the National Credit Union Administration. About Wilson Community Center Wilson Community Center is a part of the Wilson Elementary School District in Phoenix, Arizona, offering classes from Pre-School to Eighth grade. With over 100 years in existence in Central Phoenix, the district serves an area where less than 25 percent of the community has a high school diploma, 94 percent of families qualify for free or reduced-price lunches, and 60 percent of children enter school speaking a language other than English. The goal of the district is to prepare the students for college through a focus on academics and a state-of-the-art technology program. For more information about the Wilson Elementary District, please visit http://www.wsd.k12.az.us.
Churgin S.M.,Phoenix Zoo |
Churgin S.M.,University of Wisconsin - Madison |
Raphael B.L.,Wildlife Conservation Society |
Pramuk J.B.,Wildlife Conservation Society |
And 2 more authors.
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine | Year: 2013
Infection with the fungal organism Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis was documented in two captive populations of aquatic caecilians (Typhlonectes natans), including 24 confiscated animals at the Bronx Zoo's Wildlife Health Center and two captive-born animals at the Phoenix Zoo. The animals at the Bronx Zoo were asymptomatic, and infection was discovered during quarantine polymerase chain reaction screening. Both animals at the Phoenix Zoo were clinically ill, and Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis infection was confirmed in both animals, but it is unclear what role, if any, the infection played in the animals' clinical signs. All of the Bronx Zoo's caecilians were successfully cleared of infection by elevating to and then holding water temperatures at 32.2°C (90°F) for 72 hr. One animal at the Phoenix Zoo died before treatment could be instituted, and the second died despite treatment with a 0.01% itraconazole bath. Chytridiomycosis has only been very recently first reported in caecilians, and much remains unknown about its behavior in this amphibian order. This is the first published report of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis infection in captive-born caecilians and also the first describing details of treatment of chytridiomycosis in caecilians. It appears that raising tank temperature to 32.2°C for 72 hr is a safe and effective treatment for aquatic caecilians with chytridiomycosis. Copyright 2013 by American Association of Zoo Veterinarians.
Swenson J.,Phoenix Zoo |
Orr K.,Phoenix Zoo |
Orr K.,Bark Avenue Animal Hospital |
Bradley G.A.,University of Arizona
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine | Year: 2012
A 15-yr-old, female, maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus) was euthanized after presenting semicomatose with severe, uncontrolled frank hemorrhage from her rectum 6 days following a routine physical examination and vaccination. Histopathology indicated severe hemorrhagic and necrotizing hepatitis with intranuclear basophilic inclusion bodies in the liver that were thought to be consistent with adenoviral infection. Further classification by polymerase chain reaction, immunohistochemical staining, virus isolation, and electron microscopy confirmed the etiologic agent to be canine adenovirus-2. A representative sample of the vaccine that had been used was submitted and sequenced along with the virus isolated from the maned wolf. The sequencing of the etiologic agent that had been isolated from the maned wolf was determined to be the same as the strain of virus used in the production of the modified live vaccine that had been administered 6 days prior to death. From this information, the diagnosis of vaccine-induced adenoviral hepatitis was made. This is the first confirmed case of vaccine-induced canine adenoviral hepatitis in a maned wolf. © 2012 American Association of Zoo Veterinarians.
Goe A.,Phoenix Zoo |
Swenson J.,Phoenix Zoo |
West G.,Phoenix Zoo |
Evans J.,Veterinary Neurological Center
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine | Year: 2013
An 8-yr-old male buff-cheeked gibbon (Nomascus gabriellae) acutely developed abnormal behavior, decreased appetite, and dull mentation. Mild generalized muscle wasting and weight loss were the only other abnormalities noted on examination. Routine immunodiffusion serology for Coccidioides spp. were IgG and IgM positive. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain was suggestive of an infectious meningoencephalitis with secondary obstructive hydrocephalus. A ventriculoperitoneal shunt was placed in standard fashion to reduce the imminent risk of mortality from increased intracranial pressure. Postoperative treatment included oral fluconazole, a tapered course of prednisolone, and physical therapy. Clinical signs improved steadily and the gibbon was fit to return to exhibit 8 wk post-shunt placement. This case of coccidioidomycosis demonstrates the complications that can occur with dissemination to the central nervous system and its management. It is the first published report describing the use of ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement in this species. © American Association of Zoo Veterinarians.