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Phoenix, AZ, United States

Rideout B.A.,Institute for Conservation Research | Stalis I.,Institute for Conservation Research | Papendick R.,Institute for Conservation Research | Pessier A.,Institute for Conservation Research | And 16 more authors.
Journal of Wildlife Diseases | Year: 2012

We document causes of death in free-ranging California Condors (Gymnogyps californianus) from the inception of the reintroduction program in 1992 through December 2009 to identify current and historic mortality factors that might interfere with establishment of selfsustaining populations in the wild. A total of 135 deaths occurred from October 1992 (the first postrelease death) through December 2009, from a maximum population-at-risk of 352 birds, for a cumulative crude mortality rate of 38%. A definitive cause of death was determined for 76 of the 98 submitted cases, 70%(53/76) of which were attributed to anthropogenic causes. Trash ingestion was the most important mortality factor in nestlings (proportional mortality rate [PMR] 73%; 8/11), while lead toxicosis was the most important factor in juveniles (PMR 26%; 13/50) and adults (PMR 67%; 10/15). These results demonstrate that the leading causes of death at all California Condor release sites are anthropogenic. The mortality factors thought to be important in the decline of the historic California Condor population, particularly lead poisoning, remain the most important documented mortality factors today. Without effective mitigation, these factors can be expected to have the same effects on the sustainability of the wild populations as they have in the past. © Wildlife Disease Association 2012. Source


Goe A.,Phoenix Zoo | Swenson J.,Phoenix Zoo | West G.,Phoenix Zoo | Evans J.,Veterinary Neurological Center
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine | Year: 2013

An 8-yr-old male buff-cheeked gibbon (Nomascus gabriellae) acutely developed abnormal behavior, decreased appetite, and dull mentation. Mild generalized muscle wasting and weight loss were the only other abnormalities noted on examination. Routine immunodiffusion serology for Coccidioides spp. were IgG and IgM positive. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain was suggestive of an infectious meningoencephalitis with secondary obstructive hydrocephalus. A ventriculoperitoneal shunt was placed in standard fashion to reduce the imminent risk of mortality from increased intracranial pressure. Postoperative treatment included oral fluconazole, a tapered course of prednisolone, and physical therapy. Clinical signs improved steadily and the gibbon was fit to return to exhibit 8 wk post-shunt placement. This case of coccidioidomycosis demonstrates the complications that can occur with dissemination to the central nervous system and its management. It is the first published report describing the use of ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement in this species. © American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. Source


Churgin S.M.,Phoenix Zoo | Churgin S.M.,University of Wisconsin - Madison | Raphael B.L.,Wildlife Conservation Society | Pramuk J.B.,Wildlife Conservation Society | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine | Year: 2013

Infection with the fungal organism Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis was documented in two captive populations of aquatic caecilians (Typhlonectes natans), including 24 confiscated animals at the Bronx Zoo's Wildlife Health Center and two captive-born animals at the Phoenix Zoo. The animals at the Bronx Zoo were asymptomatic, and infection was discovered during quarantine polymerase chain reaction screening. Both animals at the Phoenix Zoo were clinically ill, and Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis infection was confirmed in both animals, but it is unclear what role, if any, the infection played in the animals' clinical signs. All of the Bronx Zoo's caecilians were successfully cleared of infection by elevating to and then holding water temperatures at 32.2°C (90°F) for 72 hr. One animal at the Phoenix Zoo died before treatment could be instituted, and the second died despite treatment with a 0.01% itraconazole bath. Chytridiomycosis has only been very recently first reported in caecilians, and much remains unknown about its behavior in this amphibian order. This is the first published report of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis infection in captive-born caecilians and also the first describing details of treatment of chytridiomycosis in caecilians. It appears that raising tank temperature to 32.2°C for 72 hr is a safe and effective treatment for aquatic caecilians with chytridiomycosis. Copyright 2013 by American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. Source


News Article
Site: http://phys.org/technology-news/

Even on sweltering summer days, the popular smartphone game has gotten throngs of players out of their homes to real-world locations designated as "PokeStops" and "Gyms." Theme parks, bars and even a county animal shelter are among those trying to capitalize on that surge in foot traffic. In New York, Doughnut Plant created an edible version of the Poke Ball—dubbing it the Pokeseed—after a Pokemon-obsessed employee realized that all four of the company's shops are either PokeStops or very close to one, owner Mark Isreal said. And one location is an in-game Gym, making it a gathering place to both consume and virtually burn off calories. The team at Doughnut Plant designed the fruity treat in less than a day, using cranberry-raspberry and white chocolate icings to recreate the red-and-white Poke Balls, the objects used in the game to capture monsters. The Pokeseed is stuffed with a peach-strawberry cream filling, an imagining of Pokemon's mythical pecha berry. Pictures went out on social media the next morning, "and before they were delivered, people were already coming to the stores," Isreal said. Doughnut Plant has already sold thousands of Pokeseeds, and customers frequently post pictures of them on Instagram. They're still selling strong, so Doughnut Plant has no plan to take them off the menu any time soon. Meanwhile, a trendy food court near New York's Penn Station put up a sign urging passersby to catch a Pokemon instead of a train, while the city's parks department created "PokeFit" classes for kids to play while exercising. Earlier, the Busch Gardens theme park in Florida hosted a Pokemon "lure-a-thon," with some PokeStops accessible only by season-pass members for one hour. The Pawtucket Red Sox baseball team in Rhode Island invited fans onto the field to chase the virtual monsters. Police in Manchester, New Hampshire, even tried to lure fugitives by claiming to have detected a rare Charizard in the booking area. A Facebook post invited those on a list of "lucky ones" to capture the monster—the list happens to be filled with the city's most wanted. Andy Wong of Kurt Salmon Digital, which helps retailers connect digitally with consumers, said the game has worked well for small businesses, though there hasn't been a good way for larger companies with hundreds of stores to automate the "lures" they buy to attract digital monsters—and with them, players and potential customers. And even for small businesses, he said, the ability to draw customers may have diminished as the game loses its novelty. But those that caught the bug early saw tangible benefits. The Phoenix Zoo was a hotbed of Pokemon activity right after the game's release last month, even when temperatures climbed as high as 112 degrees. It helped that a Pokemon Gym was housed in the zoo's conveniently air conditioned orangutan house. After noticing that some visitors were on the hunt for more than just traditional zoo creatures, the zoo opened an hour early at 6 a.m. for a week during what's usually a slow time of year. The zoo also converted its train into a "PokeShuttle" that pointed out PokeStops along with its animal exhibits. On the first day of the promotion, attendance more than doubled from a week earlier, and sign-ups for new memberships spiked, said zoo spokeswoman Kerri Baumann. "It has snowballed in the most exciting and fun way," she said. Given the popularity, zoo officials are considering having additional Pokemon-themed activities, she said. Other furry creatures have benefited, too. The Wake County Animal Center in Raleigh, North Carolina, said its Pokemon-themed social media posts prompted about 25 applications for volunteer dog walkers, about four times what it usually gets. "If people are getting out and walking, why not come out here and walk the dogs and catch some Pokemon?" said Jennifer Federico, Wake County's animal services director. "It's fun and it gets people out." The shelter also named dogs and cats after Pokemon characters in hopes of giving animals that may get overlooked a second chance at adoption, she said. Bars and restaurants are getting in on the action as well, both through numerous Pokemon-themed bar crawls around the country and by taking advantage of nearby stops and gyms on their own. Because street art accounts for a substantial number of PokeStops, especially in big cities, the Tyron Public House bar and restaurant in New York has seen a slight bump in business, thanks to a large mural outside. Some patrons have paid for lures to attract more Pokemon; others return the favor by buying them drinks. "It's kind of fun to see people playing and say, 'Here you go. Enjoy,'" Tyron manager Errol Flynn said. "For us, it's not so much about organized events as much as it is about keeping up with social and what's going on in the neighborhood." Explore further: How to play Pokemon Go


Swenson J.,Phoenix Zoo | Orr K.,Phoenix Zoo | Bradley G.A.,University of Arizona
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine | Year: 2012

A 15-yr-old, female, maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus) was euthanized after presenting semicomatose with severe, uncontrolled frank hemorrhage from her rectum 6 days following a routine physical examination and vaccination. Histopathology indicated severe hemorrhagic and necrotizing hepatitis with intranuclear basophilic inclusion bodies in the liver that were thought to be consistent with adenoviral infection. Further classification by polymerase chain reaction, immunohistochemical staining, virus isolation, and electron microscopy confirmed the etiologic agent to be canine adenovirus-2. A representative sample of the vaccine that had been used was submitted and sequenced along with the virus isolated from the maned wolf. The sequencing of the etiologic agent that had been isolated from the maned wolf was determined to be the same as the strain of virus used in the production of the modified live vaccine that had been administered 6 days prior to death. From this information, the diagnosis of vaccine-induced adenoviral hepatitis was made. This is the first confirmed case of vaccine-induced canine adenoviral hepatitis in a maned wolf. © 2012 American Association of Zoo Veterinarians. Source

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