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Phitsanulok, Thailand

Pachanpan P.,Phitsanulok University
2014 International Electrical Engineering Congress, iEECON 2014 | Year: 2014

The converter-connected distributed generation can provide the active power factor correction similar to using power conditioners. The hybrid reactive power compensations, using distributed generation and switched shunt capacitors in the coordinated manner, are implemented to deal with the change of power factor in the network. The study found that this approach can improve power factor controllability in the distribution networks effectively. The power factor control performances are demonstrated under various operating scenarios using the test system implemented in DIgSILENT PowerFactory. © 2014 IEEE. Source


Wachirawongsakorn P.,Phitsanulok University
Human and Ecological Risk Assessment | Year: 2016

This study aimed to investigate the Pb and Cd contamination and health risk assessment for population via consumption of vegetables sold in fresh markets around the lower north of Thailand. The concentrations of Pb and Cd in various vegetables such as root/tuber, stem, inflorescence, fruit, and leaf vegetables were analyzed using an atomic absorption spec-trophotometer. Human health risks of these metals in vegetables were assessed based on target hazard quotient (THQ). The results indicated that more than 80% of the Pb and Cd in almost all vegetable samples exceeded the maximum allowable concentration by National Food Institute criteria with an average range of 0.96–3.39 and 0.48–1.40 mg/kg, respectively. The estimated daily intakes (EDI) of Pb and Cd via dietary consumption of vegetables were between 0.001–0.010 and 0.002–0.008 mg/kg/d, respectively. All EDIs of Pb contaminated vegetables were higher than the reference dose recommended by the USEPA except for leaf edible vegetables, while all EDIs of Cd contaminated vegetables were higher than the reference dose recommended by the USEPA. THQ indicated that the consumption of Pb contaminated root/tuber, stem, inflorescence, and fruit edible vegetables and Cd contaminated leaf vegetable for the local population in the lower north of Thailand could be a severe health risk problem. © 2016 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC Source


Jetiyanon K.,Phitsanulok University | Plianbangchang P.,Naresuan University
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture | Year: 2012

Background: There is increasing interest in the development of technologies which can reduce the requirement for chemical fertilisers in rice production. The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy of Bacillus cereus strain RS87 for the partial replacement of chemical fertiliser in rice production. A greenhouse experiment was designed using different fertiliser regimes, with and without strain RS87. Six Thai rice cultivars were tested separately. Results: Maximum rice growth and yield were obtained in rice receiving the full recommended fertiliser rate in combination with the strain RS87. Interestingly, all rice cultivars which were treated with strain RS87 and 50% recommended fertiliser rate provided equivalent plant growth and yield to that receiving the full recommended fertiliser rate only. A paired comparison between rice treated with 50% of the recommended fertiliser rate with the bacterial inoculant and the full fertiliser rate alone was further examined in small experimental rice paddy fields. Growth and yield of all rice cultivars which received the 50% fertiliser rate supplemented with strain RS87 gave a similar yield to that receiving the full fertiliser rate alone. Conclusion: Bacterial strain RS87 showed the potential to replace 50% of the recommended fertiliser rate for yield production. Integration of plant growth-promoting rhizobacterial inoculants with reduced application rates of chemical fertiliser appears promising for future agriculture. © 2012 Society of Chemical Industry. Source


Reungsang A.,Khon Kaen University | Sreela-Or C.,Phitsanulok University | Plangklang P.,Khon Kaen University
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy | Year: 2013

Bio-hydrogen production from food waste by anaerobic mixed cultures was conducted in a continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR). The hydraulic retention time (HRT) was optimized in order to maximize hydrogen yield (HY) and hydrogen production rate (HPR). The maximum hydrogen content (38.6%), HPR (379 mL H 2/L. d) and HY (261 mL H2/g-VSadded) were achieved at the optimum HRT of 60 h. The major soluble metabolite products were butyric and acetic acids which indicated a butyrate-acetate type fermentation. Operation of CSTR at HRT 60 h could select hydrogen producing bacteria and eliminate lactic acid bacteria and acetogenic bacteria. The microbial community analyzed by polymerase chain reaction-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE) revealed that the predominant hydrogen producer was Clostridium sp. © 2013, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Jamnongkan T.,Kasetsart University | Wattanakornsiri A.,Surindra Rajabhat University | Wachirawongsakorn P.,Phitsanulok University | Kaewpirom S.,Burapha University
Polymer Bulletin | Year: 2014

Recently, a renewed interest in hydrogels for heavy metal removal of wastewater has been growing because of embarking opportunities in industrial applications. One of the most interesting hydrogels potentially used as absorbent is poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA), owing to its biocompatibility. In this study, the adsorption capacity of copper(II) ion onto PVA hydrogel (PVAH) adsorbents with different crosslinking degrees of 1, 3 and 5 % from aqueous solution was investigated. The PVAH adsorbents were prepared from PVA, using glutaraldehyde as a crosslinking agent. Their properties were determined by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and water absorption measurement. The results showed that PVA was crosslinked with glutaraldehyde. It exhibited an equilibrium swelling ratio in the range of 195-250 %, depending on the crosslinking degree with different PVAH structures defined from SEM micrographs. The adsorption capacity of copper(II) ion onto PVAH adsorbents was investigated and found that higher crosslinking degree decreased the absorption capacity. This behavior is due to the decrease in reactive sites, resulting in the decrease of interaction between copper(II) ion and PVA. Besides, the adsorption capacity also depended on contact time, pH and temperature. The adsorption process followed pseudo-second-order kinetic, having a 0.99 correlation coefficient. Intraparticle diffusion was confirmed by the adsorption mechanism controlled by particle and film diffusions. © 2014 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

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