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Davao, Philippines

Opiso E.G.,Central Mindanao University | Opiso G.,Philippine Eagle Foundation
Biodiversitas | Year: 2015

This study determines the conservation status of the family Orchidaceae, as present on Mt. Sinaka, Arakan, North Cotabato, Philippines. A thorough survey and alpha taxonomy was done, from base to peak of the mountain. Identification of the specimens and assessment of their conservation status was based on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants 2013.2 and National List of Threatened Philippine Plants of Fernando et al. (2008). Based on the result conducted on October 2013-March 2014, out of 59 identified species found in the area, 12 species are widespread, 22 are endemic, 1 vulnerable, 1 critically endangered (Paphiopedilum adductum), 1 endangered (Corybas sp.), 2 least concerned species, and 20 unassessed species (not yet assessed by the IUCN). It has been also noted that there are probably some new species, which need thorough study for further identification. The result calls for a desperate need for conservation. Facts from this study helps in addition to the existing wildlife conservation of flora in Mt. Sinaka and to the other forested mountains in Mindanao, the Philippines. © 2015 Society for Indonesian Biodiversity. All rights reserved. Source

De Alban J.D.,Fauna and Flora International | Acay J.,Mabuwaya Foundation | Gaschick F.,Resilience | Gomez R.,Philippine Eagle Foundation | And 15 more authors.
ACRS 2015 - 36th Asian Conference on Remote Sensing: Fostering Resilient Growth in Asia, Proceedings | Year: 2015

Establishing protected area networks is a key strategy to reduce biodiversity loss and contributes to global conservation efforts. In the Philippines, where 240 protected areas have been designated and set aside for the conservation of biological diversity, approaches are needed to effectively conserve and manage these areas. Identifying High Conservation Value Areas (HCVA) is a practical approach to guide protected area managers for prioritising conservation action and monitoring conservation success. We applied the approach in seven sites (c. 555,000 ha) representing three major biogeographic regions of the Philippines National Integrated Protected Areas System. Using maximum entropy (MaxEnt) algorithm, we modeled species distributions from environmental predictors (e.g., topographic, bioclimatic, land cover, forest structure, and soil image layers) derived from remotely sensed data, and point occurrence data of species (comprised of birds, trees, mammals, amphibians, and reptiles) observed during field surveys in the selected protected areas. Species distributions from a total of 109 trigger species were modeled, and final species that fit the criteria were stacked to generate species richness maps for identifying HCVAs. Forest habitat change was delineated using official 2003 and 2010 national land cover maps that were generated from Landsat imagery. Results showed park boundaries that were inconsistent with areas of high species congruence. Forest habitat loss (c. 30,100 ha) was observed in all seven protected areas, mainly along forest edges and encroaching within park boundaries. Spatial analysis highlighted conservation hotspots where forest habitat loss threatened highly species-rich areas. The HCVA approach provided spatially explicit inputs for reformulating protected area management zones, setting measureable conservation targets, designing monitoring protocols, and establishing patrolling routes. Source

News Article
Site: http://news.yahoo.com/green/

An endangered monkey-eating eagle which was released into the wild is fighting for survival after being shot More An endangered monkey-eating eagle which was released into the wild under a conservation programme is now fighting for survival after being shot, a Philippine conservation group said Wednesday. The metre-long (3.3-foot) raptor, which preys on macaques and other small animals sharing its forest habitat, was shot at the weekend. One man surrendered to the Philippine Eagle Foundation in Davao city on Mindanao island on Sunday and also handed over the injured bird, the Philippine Eagle Foundation said in a statement. He, along with a second man, was turned over to the police. Both are under arrest. "The wounded eagle is under observation but I cannot assess its survival chances at this time," the foundation's curator Anna Mae Sumaya told AFP. The foundation said the shooting shattered the bird?s right wing. It was unclear if the six-year-old male would ever fly again. Killing monkey-eating eagles is punishable by a 12-year prison term and a one million-peso ($21,000) fine, while wounding the species incurs a four-year prison term and a half million-peso fine. The bird is famed for its elongated nape feathers that form into a shaggy crest. Its two-metre wingspan makes it one of the world's largest eagles. It is found nowhere except the Philippines, where it is the country's national bird. About 600 of them are thought to be left in the wild.

Ong P.S.,University of the Philippines at Diliman | Luczon A.U.,University of the Philippines at Diliman | Quilang J.P.,University of the Philippines at Diliman | Sumaya A.M.T.,Philippine Eagle Foundation | And 4 more authors.
Molecular Ecology Resources | Year: 2011

DNA barcoding is a molecular method that rapidly identifies an individual to a known taxon or its closest relative based on a 650-bp fragment of the cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI). In this study, DNA barcodes of members of the family Accipitridae, including Haliastur indus (brahminy kite), Haliaeetus leucogaster (white-bellied sea eagle), Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus (grey-headed fish eagle), Spilornis holospilus (crested serpent-eagle), Spizaetus philippensis (Philippine hawk-eagle), and Pithecophaga jefferyi (Philippine eagle), are reported for the first time. All individuals sampled are kept at the Philippine Eagle Center in Davao City, Philippines. Basic local alignment search tool results demonstrated that the COI sequences for these species were unique. The COI gene trees constructed using the maximum-likelihood and neighbour-joining (NJ) methods supported the monophyly of the booted eagles of the Aquilinae and the sea eagles of the Haliaeetinae but not the kites of the Milvinae. © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Source

News Article
Site: http://news.yahoo.com/green/

Factfile on the monkey-eating eagle, also known as the Philippine eagle. 135 x 96 mm (AFP Photo/-) More A monkey-eating eagle has been hatched in captivity in the Philippines, boosting the critically-endangered giant bird's fight against extinction. Found only in the rapidly vanishing tropical rainforests of the Philippines, the metre- (3.3-foot) long raptor gets its name from its diet of macaque monkeys and other small animals that share its habitat in Mindanao, the country's main southern island. The chick, hatched at a conservation centre on December 7, was the first in two years and the 26th in 23 years, Philippine Eagle Foundation curator Anna Mae Sumaya said. Barely a week old, the "very active" hatchling can already lift its head and responds to bird calls, Sumaya said. "This chick will make it." Also called the Philippine eagle, the bird is famed for its elongated nape feathers that form into a shaggy crest. Its two-metre wingspan makes it one of the world's largest eagles. "This gives us hope that we can somehow supplement the Philippine eagle population," Sumaya told AFP. The raptor is found nowhere else except the Philippines, where it is the country's national bird. There are about 600 monkey-eating eagles in the wild and 34 others, including the hatchling, are kept in massive cages at the centre. The Swiss-based International Union for the Conservation of Nature lists the species as "critically endangered", due to hunting and the depletion of its habitat. Gunshots account for nine in every 10 Philippine eagle casualties according to the foundation, which has also warned it was running out of safe places to release the captive-bred birds when they mature. The monogamous eagles breed only once a year, with each pair producing only one egg every mating season. There are four breeding pairs in the conservation centre. Two other eggs laid during this year's mating season were infertile and did not hatch, Sumaya said.

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