Kanthraj G.,Mahatma Gandhi University |
Kanthraj G.,PHASE 2 International
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology | Year: 2011
The study and practice of dermatology care using interactive audio, visual, and data communications from a distance is called teledermatology. A teledermatology practice (TP) provides teleconsultation as well tele-education. Initially, dermatologists used videoconference. Convenience, cost-effectiveness and easy application of the practice made "store and forward" to emerge as a basic teledermatology tool. The advent of newer technologies like third generation (3G) and fourth generation (4G) mobile teledermatology (MT) and dermatologists′ interest to adopt tertiary TP to pool expert (second) opinion to address difficult-to-manage cases (DMCs) has resulted in a rapid change in TP. Online discussion groups (ODGs), author-based second opinion teledermatology (AST), or a combination of both are the types of tertiary TP. This article analyzes the feasibility studies and provides latest insight into TP with a revised classification to plan and allocate budget and apply appropriate technology. Using the acronym CAP-HAT, which represents five important factors like case, approach, purpose, health care professionals, and technology, one can frame a TP. Store-and-forward teledermatology (SAFT) is used to address routine cases (spotters). Chronic cases need frequent follow-up care. Leg ulcer and localized vitiligo need MT while psoriasis and leprosy require SAFT. Pigmented skin lesions require MT for triage and combination of teledermoscopy, telepathology, and teledermatology for diagnosis. A self-practising dermatologist and national health care system dermatologist use SAFT for routine cases and a combination of ASTwith an ODG to address a DMC. A TP alone or in combination with face-to-face consultation delivers quality care.
Jana S.,PHASE 2 International
Biotechnology letters | Year: 2012
Growth and progression of many cancer cells are mediated by alterations in the microenvironment often caused by an aberrant expression of growth factors and receptors. There is no report on expression of growth factor granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) in the experimental model, colon adenocarcinoma cell line (Caco2), that is commonly used in drug permeability assays. We hypothesize that in vitro, the Caco2 model is associated with a constitutive neo-expression of the hematopoietic G-CSF thereby causing an autocrine stimulation of Caco2 growth and proliferation in vitro. To test our hypothesis, we analyzed mRNA and protein expression of G-CSF in Caco2 cells using reverse transcriptase-PCR and SDS-PAGE. G-CSF mRNA and protein were detected in Caco2 cells. Expression of G-CSF protein was similar at different passages of this cell line. The expression of G-CSF has a significant role in the autocrine regulation of Caco2 cell growth and proliferation.
PHASE 2 International | Date: 2015-09-01
A charcoal grill includes a vessel configured to hold and burn charcoal for cooking food. The charcoal grill may include a receptacle moveable between a first position in which the receptacle is positioned for collecting ashes from charcoal burned in the vessel and a second position in which the receptacle is separated from the vessel for disposal of the collected ashes. Additionally, or alternatively, the vessel may define a passage extending from an exterior side of the vessel to an interior side of the vessel for permitting a starter device to be inserted into the passage for igniting charcoal within the vessel. Additionally, or alternatively, the charcoal grill may include a vent system including at least one vent opening extending through a portion of the vessel, a vent cover movable with respect to the vent opening between a closed position and an open position, and at least one calibration associated with the vent cover between the closed position and the open position.
PHASE 2 International | Date: 2015-10-22
An apparatus for supplying gaseous fuel to a kamado-style grill is disclosed. The kamado-style grill includes a vessel and a fire bowl positioned within the vessel. The vessel and the fire bowl each have an opening. The apparatus includes a gas burner insertable through the opening of the vessel for positioning below the opening of the fire bowl, and a housing substantially covering the opening of the vessel and including one or more openings for allowing air to pass into or out of the kamado-style grill. Other example apparatuses and grill assemblies for receiving the apparatuses are also disclosed.
PHASE 2 International | Date: 2015-08-28
A structure for use with a kamado-style charcoal grill adapted to hold and burn charcoal for cooking food includes a receptacle for collecting ash produced from charcoal burned in the kamado-style charcoal grill and a housing defining an opening for receiving the receptacle. The receptacle is separable from the housing for disposing of ash in the receptacle. Additionally, other example structures and charcoal grill assemblies including the structures are also disclosed.
PHASE 2 International | Date: 2016-05-03
PHASE 2 International | Date: 2016-09-14
A kamado-style grill (800) is disclosed. The kamado-style grill (800) includes a vessel (802) and a fire bowl (804) positioned within the vessel (802). The vessel (802) and the fire bowl (804) each have an opening (806, 808). The grill comprises a removable unit (100) including a gas burner(102), said unit being insertable through the opening (806) of the vessel (802) for positioning below the opening (808) of the fire bowl, said removable unit further comprising a housing (104) substantially covering the opening (806) of the vessel (802) and including one or more openings (106) for allowing air to pass into or out of the kamado-style grill.
PHASE 2 International | Date: 2016-12-06
PHASE 2 International | Date: 2016-12-06