PubMed | University of Calgary, Arizona Cancer Center, Janssen Research & Development LLC, Fundacion Instituto Valenciano Of Oncologia and PharmaMar SA
Type: Clinical Trial, Phase III | Journal: Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology | Year: 2015
We investigated the association of BRCA1 and XPG mutations with response rate (RR), progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in a subset of patients from a phase 3 clinical trial comparing the efficacy and safety of trabectedin + pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) versus PLD alone in patients with recurrent ovarian cancer.A candidate array was designed based on the Breast Cancer Information Core database for BRCA mutation analyses. An exploratory analysis of BRCA1/XPG mutation status was conducted using a two-sided log-rank test and 0.05 significance in germline DNA samples from 264 women with failed first-line platinum-based chemotherapy, randomized (1 : 1) to trabectedin + PLD or PLD alone.Overall, 41 (16%) of the 264 women had BRCA1(mut) (trabectedin + PLD: n = 24/135, 18%; PLD: n = 17/129; 13%) and 17 (6%) had XPG(mut) (trabectedin + PLD: n = 8/135, 6%; PLD: n = 9/129, 7%). A higher RR was observed in BRCA1(mut) patients (20/41; 49%) versus BRCA1(wt) patients (62/223; 28%). Within the BRCA1(mut) group, trabectedin + PLD-treated patients had longer PFS and longer OS than PLD-treated patients (median PFS 13.5 versus 5.5 months, P = 0.0002; median OS 23.8 versus 12.5 months, P = 0.0086), whereas in BRCA1(wt) patients, OS was not significantly different (median OS: 19.1 versus 19.3 months; P = 0.9377). There were no differences in OS or PFS of patients with XPG(mut) between the two treatment arms. However, trabectedin + PLD-treated patients with XPG(mut) had a trend toward shorter PFS (median PFS: 1.9 versus 7.5 months; P = 0.1666) and OS (median OS: 14.5 versus 20.7 months; P = 0.1774) than those with XPG(wt).In this exploratory analysis, patients with recurrent ovarian cancer carrying the BRCA1(mut) had improved outcomes with trabectedin + PLD treatment compared with PLD alone. Prospective evaluation of BRCA status is likely an important evaluation for DNA-damaging agents and may significantly impact interpretation of clinical studies. XPG may be a biomarker of poor outcome in these patients.