Cranbury, NJ, United States
Cranbury, NJ, United States
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Marques M.R.,Pharmacopeia
AAPS PharmSciTech | Year: 2014

Gelatin capsules are a widely used dosage form both for pharmaceutical drug products as well as dietary supplements. Gelatin in the presence of certain compounds, mainly aldehydes, or in high humidity and high temperature conditions can cross-link. Cross-linking involves covalent bonding of the amine group of a lysine side chain of one gelatin molecule to a similar amine group on another molecule. The covalent bonding is, for practical purposes, irreversible. Cross-linking results in the formation of a pellicle on the internal or external surface of the gelatin capsule shell that prevents the capsule fill from being released. In vitro dissolution testing of cross-linked gelatin capsules can result in slower release of the drug or no release at all. The data obtained by the Gelatin Capsule Working Group, created in the early 90s to investigate noncompliance of gelatin capsules, was used to establish the type and amounts of enzymes that can be added to the dissolution medium in the case of test failure to the presence of cross-linking in the gelatin. The two-tier dissolution testing was included in the US Pharmacopeia and it recommends the addition of pepsin (pH below 6.8) or pancreatin (pH above 6.8) to the medium depending on its pH. Pepsin shows good protease activity up to pH 4 and pancreatin above pH 6 leaving a gap where neither one has good activity. Possible proteolytic enzymes that could be used for the pH range 4-6.8 could be papain or bromelain.


Patent
Pharmacopeia and Sharp Corporation | Date: 2014-01-06

Disclosed are compounds of the formula or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt or solvate thereof, wherein R^(1 )is R is C(O)N(R^(27))(R^(28)) or and the remaining variables are as defined in the specification. Also disclosed are pharmaceutical compositions comprising the compounds of formula I. Also disclosed are methods of treating cognitive or neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimers disease. Also disclosed are pharmaceutical compositions and methods of treating cognitive or neurodegenerative diseases comprising the compounds of formula I in combination with a -secretase inhibitor other than those of formula I, an HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, a gamma-secretase inhibitor, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent, an N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist, a cholinesterase inhibitor or an anti-amyloid antibody.


Patent
Sharp Corporation and Pharmacopeia | Date: 2014-12-18

Disclosed are compounds of the formula I or a stereoisomer, tautomer, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt or solvate thereof, wherein Also disclosed is the method of inhibiting aspartyl protease, and in particular, the methods of treating cardiovascular diseases, cognitive and neurodegenerative diseases, and the methods of inhibiting of Human Immunodeficiency Virus, plasmepins, cathepsin D and protozoal enzymes. Also disclosed are methods of treating cognitive or neurodegenerative diseases using the compounds of formula I in combination with a cholinesterase inhibitor or a muscarinic antagonist.


Patent
Pharmacopeia and Schering | Date: 2012-03-08

Disclosed are compounds of the formula I or a stereoisomer, tautomer, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt or solvate thereof, wherein each variable in Formula 1 are as defined in the specification; and pharmaceutical compositions comprising the compounds of formula I. Also disclosed are methods of inhibiting aspartyl protease, and in particular, the methods of treating cardiovascular diseases, cognitive and neurodegenerative diseases, and the methods of inhibiting of Human Immunodeficiency Virus, plasmepins, cathepsin D and protozoal enzymes. Also disclosed are methods of treating cognitive or neurodegenerative diseases using the compounds of formula I in combination with a cholinesterase inhibitor or a muscarinic m_(1 )agonist or m_(2 )antagonist.


Patent
Pharmacopeia and Schering | Date: 2012-03-09

Disclosed are compounds of the formula I or a stereoisomer, tautomer, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt or solvate thereof, wherein each variable in Formula 1 are as defined in the specification; and pharmaceutical compositions comprising the compounds of formula I. Also disclosed are methods of inhibiting aspartyl protease, and in particular, the methods of treating cardiovascular diseases, cognitive and neurodegenerative diseases, and the methods of inhibiting of Human Immunodeficiency Virus, plasmepins, cathepsin D and protozoal enzymes. Also disclosed are methods of treating cognitive or neurodegenerative diseases using the compounds of formula I in combination with a cholinesterase inhibitor or a muscarinic m_(1 )agonist or m_(2 )antagonist.


Patent
Schering and Pharmacopeia | Date: 2011-07-13

Compounds of the formula Iand pharmaceutical compositions comprising the compounds of formula I. Also disclosed is the method of inhibiting aspartyl protease, and in particular, the methods of treating cardiovascular diseases, cognitive and neurodegenerative diseases, and the methods of inhibiting of Human Immunodeficiency Virus, plasmepins, cathepsin D and protozoal enzymes. Also disclosed are methods of treating cognitive or neurodegenerative diseases using the compounds of formula I in combination with a cholinesterase inhibitor or a muscarinic antagonist.


Patent
Pharmacopeia and Schering | Date: 2012-03-14

Disclosed are compounds of the formula I or a stereoisomer, tautomer, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt or solvate thereof, wherein each variable in Formula 1 are as defined in the specification; and pharmaceutical compositions comprising the compounds of formula I. Also disclosed are methods of inhibiting aspartyl protease, and in particular, the methods of treating cardiovascular diseases, cognitive and neurodegenerative diseases, and the methods of inhibiting of Human Immunodeficiency Virus, plasmepins, cathepsin D and protozoal enzymes. Also disclosed are methods of treating cognitive or neurodegenerative diseases using the compounds of formula I in combination with a cholinesterase inhibitor or a muscarinic m_(1 )agonist or m_(2 )antagonist.


Patent
Signal Pharmaceuticals LLC and Pharmacopeia | Date: 2011-03-02

Provided herein are Aminopurine Compounds, compositions comprising an effective amount of an Aminopurine Compound and methods for treating or preventing cancer, a cardiovascular disease, a renal disease, an autoimmune condition, an inflammatory condition, macular degeneration, ischemia-reperfusion injury, pain and related syndromes, disease-related wasting, an asbestos-related condition, pulmonary hypertension or a condition treatable or preventable by inhibition of the JNK pathway comprising administering an effective amount of an Aminopurine Compound to a patient in need thereof.


Patent
Pharmacopeia | Date: 2011-05-16

Disclosed are compounds of the formula I or a stereoisomer, tautomer, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt or solvate thereof, wherein Also disclosed is the method of inhibiting aspartyl protease, and in particular, the methods of treating cardiovascular diseases, cognitive and neurodegenerative diseases, and the methods of inhibiting of Human Immunodeficiency Virus, plasmepins, cathepsin D and protozoal enzymes. Also disclosed are methods of treating cognitive or neurodegenerative diseases using the compounds of formula I in combination with a cholinesterase inhibitor or a muscarinic m_(1 )agonist or m_(2 )antagonist.


Patent
Pharmacopeia | Date: 2012-07-17

Disclosed are compounds of the formula I or a stereoisomer, tautomer, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt or solvate thereof, wherein Also disclosed is the method of inhibiting aspartyl protease, and in particular, the methods of treating cardiovascular diseases, cognitive and neurodegenerative diseases, and the methods of inhibiting of Human Immunodeficiency Virus, plasmepins, cathepsin D and protozoal enzymes.

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