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Ōsaka, Japan

Mayumi S.,PGS Home Co. | Ikeguchi Y.,PGS Home Co. | Nakane D.,PGS Home Co. | Ishikawa Y.,Nara Institute of Science and Technology | And 2 more authors.
Solar Energy | Year: 2014

A polymer gel electrolyte containing Flemion® (a perfluorocarboxylated polymer) as polymer matrix, lithium iodide, iodine, 1,2 dimethyl-3-propylimidazolium iodide (DMPII) and 4-tert-butylpyridine (TBP) was developed for quasi-solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The Flemion-based electrolyte was gelled by heating the Flemion solution to evaporate the ethanol solvent. Scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy suggested three regions in the Flemion-based gel electrolyte: the fluorocarbon polymer frame, the ion cluster, and their interface. The open-circuit voltage, the short-circuit current density, and the fill factor were markedly enhanced by adding TBP and DMPII, respectively, to the Flemion-based gel electrolyte. When irradiated with light at 100mWcm-2, the DSSC containing the Flemion-based gel electrolyte with 0.6M DMPII and 0.5M TBP exhibited an energy conversion efficiency (η) of 4.1%, while η of the acetonitrile-based DSSC was 5.1%. According to electrochemical impedance spectra, gelation greatly increased the charge transfer resistance at the TiO2/electrolyte interface in DSSCs containing the Flemion-based electrolyte without DMPII. However, this effect was negated by adding 0.6M DMPII to the electrolyte. The η of Flemion-gel-based DSSCs stored for up to 4392h decreased by less than 10%. In contrast, the η of Flemion-liquid-based and acetonitrile-based DSSCs decreased by 95% during 480h storage, and by 93% during 115h storage, respectively. This result demonstrates that Flemion-based gel electrolytes solve the leakage problem that degrades the performance of DSSCs. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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