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Rohtak, India

Singh H.,MMIMSR | Chhikara P.,MMIMSR | Singroha R.,PGIMS
Journal of Punjab Academy of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology | Year: 2011

The United Nation Journal declares that every human has a right to independent identity and its importance cannot be overemphasized anywhere else than in the court of law. Finger prints have long been used for identification; similarly, even the lip print is unique of an individual and hence beholds the potential for identification purpose. In India lipstick is used by females of all socioeconomic status, thus, lip prints can be used to verify the presence or absence of a person at the scene of crime by these prints on the accused or his clothes. The wrinkles and grooves on labial mucosa called as sulci-labiorum form a characteristic pattern called lip-prints and the study of which is referred to as chieloscopy. The study group comprised of 25 females and 25 males. The materials used were lipstick, bond paper and a magnifying lens. Present study shows that lip-prints are unique to an individual and behold the potential for identification of accused especially in sexual offences like rape. © 2011 JPAFMAT. All rights reserved. Source

Chinese journal of traumatology = Zhonghua chuang shang za zhi / Chinese Medical Association | Year: 2013

Ulnar nerve injury in closed fracture of forearm in children is uncommon.Commonly, neurapraxia is the reason for this palsy but other severe injuries or nerve entrapment has been reported in some cases. The importance of diagnosis concerning the types of the nerve injury lies in the fact that they have totally different management.We present a case of ulnar nerve deficit in a child following a closed fracture of the forearm bones. It is imperative to diagnose exact cause of palsy as it forms the basis for treatment. MRI scan can help diagnosis and accordingly guide the management. Simple nerve contusion should be treated conservatively, and exploration with fixation of the fracture should be done in lacerations and entrapments of the nerve. Surgery is not the treatment of choice in cases that could be managed conservatively. Source

Sethi S.,PGIMS
Journal of Indian Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health | Year: 2015

Atheoretical and largely descriptive nature of DSM-IV offered good reliability. Moving further ahead DSM-5 hoped that including risk factors and clinical manifestations will increase the validity of the diagnostic system. Neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD) is one such cluster introduced to describe some of the disorders with onset in infancy and childhood. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been moved from the category of disruptive disorders to NDD. In this article we will examine the changes made to ADHD and its implications. © 2015, Indian Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health. All rights reserved. Source

Ghosh S.,PGIMS
Indian Journal of Dermatology | Year: 2015

Neonatal pustular eruption is a group of disorders characterized by various forms of pustulosis seen in first 4 weeks of life. Its presentation is often similar with some subtle differences, which can be further established by few simple laboratory aids, to arrive at a definite diagnosis. Given their ubiquitous presentation, it is sometimes difficult to differentiate among self-limiting, noninfectious, pustular dermatosis such as erythema toxicum neonatorum, transient neonatal pustular melanosis, miliaria pustulosa, etc., and potentially life threatening infections such as herpes simplex virus and varicella zoster virus infections. This review article tries to address the chronological, clinical, morphological, and histological differences among the various pustular eruptions in a newborn, in order to make it easier for a practicing dermatologist to diagnose and treat these similar looking but different entities of pustulation with a clear demarcation between the physiological benign pustular rashes and the infectious pustular lesions. © 2015, Medical Knowledge. All rights reserved. Source

Ghosh S.,PGIMS | Chaudhuri S.,PGIMS
Indian Journal of Dermatology | Year: 2013

Intra-hepatic cholestasis of pregnancy is a cholestatic disorder characterized by i) pruritus, with onset in the third trimester of pregnancy, without any primary skin lesions, ii) elevated fasting serum bile acids > 10 μmol / L (and elevated serum transaminases), iii) spontaneous relief of signs and symptoms within two to three weeks after delivery, and iv) absence of other disease that cause pruritus and jaundice. It is believed to be a multi-factorial disease with interplay between genetic, environmental and hormonal factors. Incidence is between 0.02% to 2.4% of all pregnancies; with wide geographical variations. Maternal prognosis is usually good but can result in adverse fetal outcomes like meconium staining of amniotic fluid, fetal bradycardia and even fetal loss. Response to anti-histaminic is poor. Of all the medical therapies that have been described for the treatment for IHCP, ursodeoxycholic acid has the best response in relieving pruritus in mother, and probably has a role in preventing even the perinatal complications. Timely diagnosis and treatment is urged in order to prevent fetal complications and an early delivery between 37 to 38 weeks should be contemplated in severe cases, especially once fetal lung maturity is attained. Source

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