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Chandigarh, India

Neurology India

Ophthalmoplegic migraine (OM) is a rare disorder characterized by childhood onset, ophthalmoplegia and migraine headaches. The 3rd cranial nerve is commonly involved in recurrent attacks. Involvement of the sixth and fourth nerves is uncommon. GdMRI discloses enhancement of the nerves. Adult cases are rare and confined to case reports. A viral pathogenesis is considered to be the cause of OM in view of nerve enhancement. We look at the various aspects of OM in children and adults. Source

Journal of laparoendoscopic & advanced surgical techniques. Part A

Sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis (SEP) is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction. It is difficult to make a definite preoperative diagnosis, and most cases are diagnosed at the time of laparotomy. It is usually of unknown origin, although, at times, it may be seen secondary to a variety of conditions. Spillage of bile and gallstones at laparoscopic cholecystectomy is an unusual cause of SEP and has not been reported in literature, to date. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography of the abdomen revealed small-bowel loops congregated to the center of the abdomen encased by a soft-tissue density mantle with loculated fluid in the interloop bowel location. Excision of the sac and adhesiolysis was done in our patient for recurrent episodes of intestinal obstruction, who recovered well in the postoperative period. Source

Tuli H.S.,Mm University | Sharma A.K.,Mm University | Sandhu S.S.,Rd University | Kashyap D.,PGIMER
Life Sciences

Cytotoxic nucleoside analogues were the first chemotherapeutic agents for cancer treatment. Cordycepin, an active ingredient of the insect fungus Cordyceps militaris, is a category of compounds that exhibit significant therapeutic potential. Cordycepin has many intracellular targets, including nucleic acid (DNA/RNA), apoptosis and cell cycle, etc. Investigations of the mechanism of anti-cancer drugs have yielded important information for the design of novel drug targets in order to enhance anti-tumor activity with less toxicity to patients. This extensive review covers various molecular aspects of cordycepin interactions with its recognized cellular targets and proposes the development of novel therapeutic strategies for cancer treatment. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. Source

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection can have devastating long-term sequelae. It is very common in injecting drug users (IDU) worldwide. India has a huge number of substance abusers, with an estimated 1.1 million IDU. Research on HCV prevalence in IDU and especially other substance use is sparse. This review identified 15 such studies. Some of these also studied prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections and co-infection rates. The summary findings indicate that there are pockets of very high HCV seroprevalence (60-90%), otherwise the range is moderate (30-50%), though, in real terms, it still indicates the appreciable magnitude of the problem that may emerge as an epidemic if it goes unheeded. HCV infection seems to be more common in IDU than HBV and HIV infections, again pointing toward the urgent need to prioritise this area. Co-infection rates are low in most of the few studies available, but clearly more studies are needed. There is a glaring paucity of studies on risk behaviours that can be linked meaningfully to HCV infection and its consequences. The urgent future research needs in this important area are highlighted. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Source

Mootha A.K.,PGIMER
The journal of knee surgery

Primary malignant melanoma (clear cell sarcoma) of bone is a very rare neoplasm. Although metastatic melanoma to bone is not uncommon, primary malignant melanoma of bone is extremely uncommon. To date, only nine cases have been reported in the English literature. In this report, we present a case of primary malignant melanoma arising from the medial aspect of the proximal tibia in a 26-year-old woman. We treated the patient with above-knee amputation without any chemotherapy or radiotherapy. At final follow-up of 18 months, the patient was free of disease. Source

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