Seed F.K.A.,Assiut University |
Ahmed H.H.,Assiut University |
Abdel Raheem S.E.,Assiut University |
Abdel Shafy Y.,Petroleum Projects and Technical Consultations Company PETROJET
Life Science Journal | Year: 2013
The cable stayed bridges represent key points in transport networks and their seismic behaviour need to be fully understood.This type of bridge, however is light and flexible and has a low level of inherent damping. Consequently, thery are susceptible to ambient excitation from seismic loads. Since the geometric and dynamic properities of the bridges as well as the characteristics of the excitations are complex, it is necessary to fully understand the mechanism of the interaction among the structural components with reasonable bridge shapes. This paper discusses the dynamic response of a cable stayed bridge under seismic loadings. All possible sources of nonlinearity, such cable sag, axial-force-bending moment interaction in bridge towers and girders and change of geometry of the whole bridge due to large displacement are based on the utilization of the tangent stiffness matrix of the bridge at the dead-load deformed state which is obtained from the geometry of the bridge under gravity load conditions,iterative procedure is utilized to capture the non-linear seismic response and different step by step integration schemes are used for the integration of motion equations. In this study, three spans cable-stayed bridge with different cable systems has been analyzed by three dimensional nonlinearity finite element method. The three dimensional bridge model is prepared on SAP 2000 ver.14 software andtime history analyses were performed to assess the conditions of the bridge structure under a postulated design earthquake of 0.5g. The results are demonstrated to fully understand the mechanism of the deck-stay interaction with the appropriate shapes of a cable stayed bridges.