Kozlov A.N.,Perm State Agricultural Academy |
Rybakov A.P.,Perm National Research Polytechnic Institute
PNRPU Mechanics Bulletin | Year: 2016
The crossing range of a shock adiabate and a melting curve has been considered. The melting curve has been presented by Simon equation. The effect of a first kind phase transition on the form of the shock adiabate has been studied as in the case when the shock adiabate of the solid crosses its melting curve. The crossing of the adiabate of solid and the melting curve determines the beginning of melting state. The crossing of the adiabate of a liquid and melting curve determines the state of the melting termination. The crossing of the shock adiabate and the critical isotherme of a date substance is the example of the effect related to the second kind phase transition on the form of the shock adiabate. The generated model illustrates the behavior of low-melting metals: Pb, Bi, Cd and Sn II. The experimental data of the shocked substances has been analyzed. It is noted that the singularities in change of properties vs temperature possess place upon the critical temperature. The model results have been confirmed by the well-known experimental data. The crossing of the shock adiabate of solid and the melting curve produces a discontinuity of the shock adiabate. A derivative of shock velocity on particle velocity in a liquid range decreases. The crossing of the shock adiabate and the critical isotherme produces a break of a relationship of the shock-particle velocities. The singularities in a change of the properties vs the temperature take place whenever the crossing of the shock adiabate and the critical isotherme is present. There following singularities occur: a break curve, a curve bend, a minimum and a maximum. © PNRPU.
Zhakova S.N.,Perm State Agricultural Academy |
Novoselova L.V.,Perm State University
Biology and Medicine | Year: 2015
The results of the study of flowering of 6 species and 2 interspecific hybrids of subgenus Syringa are described in this article, which include the following: Sections Villosae C. K. Schneid.: S. josikaea J. Jacq. ex Rchb., S. emodi Wall. ex Royle, S. wolfii C. K. Schneid., S. sweginzowii Koehne & Lingelsh., S. villosa Vahl, S. × prestoniae McKelvey (S. komarowii subsp. reflexa × S. villosa), and S. × henryi C. K. Schneid. (S. josikaea × S. villosa); and section Syringa: S. vulgaris L., obtained from the collection of siringarium at the Professor A. G. Genkel Botanical Gardens of the Perm State National Research University. Each of the studied Syringa species and cultivars differs with some aspects of the inflorescence structure: The number of flowers and their arrangement in the partial inflorescence and the number of partial inflorescences and their arrangement on the main axis. The beginning and the duration of the partial inflorescences' flowering depend on their arrangement on the main axis and the number of flowers in the partial inflorescence. The clustering of partial inflorescences into three categories, basal, lateral, and apical, was implemented. The inflorescence flowers are characterized by acropetal type of blooming. The duration of bush flowering of the studied species and cultivars varies from 8 to 19 days, and the duration of inflorescence flowering-from 6 to 13 days. The peculiarities of diurnal variation of flowering are discovered: The majority of species and interspecific hybrids of Syringa are characterized by morning anthesis, which continues till 12 noon. Anthesis of S. × henryi species essentially begins at about 8 a.m., and also between 2 p.m. and 4 p.m. S. wolfii flowers have the diurnal type of anthesis, and the majority of flowers begin to open at noon till 2 p.m. Despite entomophility of the lilac flowers, only occasional attendance of plants by insects is recorded, among which are pollinators (Apis mellifera L., Bombus hortorum L.) and a visitor (Cetonia aurata L.). Copyright: © 2015 Zhakova et al.
Nikiforov V.V.,Russian Academy of Sciences |
Bereznev V.A.,Perm State Agricultural Academy
12th Conference and Exhibition Engineering Geophysics 2016 | Year: 2016
A method for assessing the state TKT to underworked territory is developed. The estimation of rocks TKT on physical and mechanical properties is made, highlighted the anomalous areas. Spatial models of capacities rock TKT, capacities detrital soil, the average value (Rc) of strength in a water-saturated state are constructed.
Samofalova I.A.,Perm State Agricultural Academy |
Rogova O.B.,Russian Academy of Sciences |
Luzyanina O.A.,Russian Academy of Sciences
Geography and Natural Resources | Year: 2016
The soil genesis and classification position in different altitude-vegetation belts of the Middle Urals were determined on the territory of the Basegi Nature Reserve during 2009–2013. For improving the soil diagnostics (using the Northern Baseg mountain as an example), we quantified the group composition of iron compounds, and examined the distribution types of iron compounds across the soil profiles. The character of profile distribution of iron forms is governed by physical weathering and soil-forming processes: burozem formation, biological iron fixation, gleying, oxidogenesis, alfehumic illuviation, and redox alfehumic differentiation. No signs of podzolization were revealed in the soils. For the goletz belt, dry peat podburs (ocherous subtype) and ferruginized litho-sod-eluvozem were identified for the first time in conditions of the mountain tundra on the western macroslope of the Middle Urals. The study determined different combinations of the processes in the soils for the altitude-vegetation belts. © 2016, Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Ponomarev I.S.,Perm National Research Polytechnic Institute |
Krivonosova E.A.,Perm National Research Polytechnic Institute |
Gorchakov A.I.,Perm State Agricultural Academy
Welding International | Year: 2016
Special features of the microarc discharge in microarc oxidation of the D16 aluminium alloys are investigated. The stages of formation of the microarcs on the surface of the sample in operation with a regulated condenser power source with alternating current with a frequency of 50 Hz are described using high-speed video filming. © 2016, © 2015 Taylor & Francis.
Batueva T.D.,RAS Institute of Technical Chemistry |
Baigacheva E.V.,RAS Institute of Technical Chemistry |
Nasrtdinova T.Y.,Perm State Agricultural Academy
Russian Journal of Inorganic Chemistry | Year: 2016
Conditions of vanadium(V) extraction from sulfuric and hydrochloric acid solutions with kerosene solutions of hydrazides and N',N'-dimethylhydrazides derived from fractions of Versatic 10 and Versatic 1519 branched higher carboxylic acids were studied. Conditions of vanadium(V) back extraction from organic phase were studied. For diluted acid solutions, ratios were found to be [V(V)]: [reagent] = 1: 1 and 1: 5 for sulfuric acid media and 1: 1 and 1: 8 for hydrochloric acid media. © 2016 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Yarkova T.M.,Perm State Agricultural Academy |
Svetlakov A.G.,Perm State Agricultural Academy
Economy of Region | Year: 2013
The article presents innovative directions of the state support of agricultural producers with the purpose of development of the region's food reserves. It is established that the food reserves need to be one of the primary and effective way of development of region's food independence and the food security of the state in the conditions of the WTO. Among the proposed measures for generating food reserves are organizational consulting activities and public investment. The state investments presented as commodity repayment financing, direct purchases and state-private partnership have particular importance. The implementation of such activities will contribute to the effectiveness agricultural production and enhance food independence of the regions, taking into account Russia's membership in WTO, without any contradictions.
Trjascin M.M.,Perm State Agricultural Academy
World Applied Sciences Journal | Year: 2013
As a result of this study, the author developed and set forth a number of theories, as well as methodological and practical recommendations for socioeconomic priorities that could help to improve the stability of the food supply in the region. The author redefines the idea and the contents of the socioeconomic priorities that could help to improve the stability of the food supply, which, in opinion of the author, constitute the main direction of potential improvement of the economic relations in the manufacturing, marketing and consumption fields. The author reveals and systematizes the key elements of the cluster analysis and determines cluster groups, with the aim to optimize interaction of intraregional industries in terms of manufacturing, transporting, processing and marketing of the goods produced. © IDOSI Publications, 2013.
Akmanaev E.D.,Perm State Agricultural Academy |
Peshina Y.S.,Perm State Agricultural Academy |
Khlybova M.A.,Perm State Agricultural Academy
Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences | Year: 2015
The results of the study of the effect of the summer rape cultivation methods in intermediate sowings on the yield of the "winter crop-summer rape" crop rotation performed on the turfic-podzolic heavy loamy soils in the middle Pre-Urals are presented. The development of cultivation methods of summer rape in intermediate sowings with the aim to attain 2-3 harvests per year for farms of the Perm region is in great demand. The investigated winter crops are found to be equivalent. The advantage of using summer crops as the hay and grain crops is highlighted. It is found that the highest yield of summer rape is attained when sown after winter rye. The top yield of summer rape is attained with sowing after harvesting the leftover winter green fodder crops. The increase of the seeding density from 2 to 4 million seeds per hectare leads to increasing yields of summer rape. It is found that the primary crop has equal effect on both parts of the "winter crop-summer rape" crop unit productivity. The comparison of types of the intermediate sowing of summer rape has shown that the highest yield is attained in the case of the hay and grain crops. The seeding density of 4 million seeds per hectare is found to be the most cost- and energy-effective case of the "winter crop-summer rape" crop unit cultivation.
Chudinov P.,Perm State Agricultural Academy
Revista Brasileira de Ensino de Fisica | Year: 2013
The classic problem of the motion of a point mass (projectile) thrown at an angle to the horizon is reviewed. The air drag force is taken into account with the drag factor assumed to be constant. An analytical approach is used for the investigation. Application field of the previously obtained approximate analytical formulas has been expanded both in the upward launch angle, and in the direction of increase of the initial speed of the projectile. The motion of a baseball is presented as an example. It is shown that in a sufficiently wide ranges of initial velocity and launch angle the relative error in calculating the distance of the ball does not exceed 1%. © The Sociedade Brasileira de Física.