Perharidy Research Center

Roscoff, France

Perharidy Research Center

Roscoff, France

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Fugel W.,TU Braunschweig | Oberholzer A.E.,Structural Biology Community Laenggasse Sbcl | Gschloessl B.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research | Dzikowski R.,Hebrew University of Jerusalem | And 12 more authors.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2013

Plasmodium falciparum is the infective agent responsible for malaria tropica. The glycogen synthase kinase-3 of the parasite (PfGSK-3) was suggested as a potential biological target for novel antimalarial drugs. Starting from hit structures identified in a high-throughput screening campaign, 3,6-diamino-4-(2-halophenyl)-2-benzoylthieno[2,3-b]pyridine-5-carbonitriles were discovered as a new class of PfGSK-3 inhibitors. Being less active on GSK-3 homologues of other species, the title compounds showed selectivity in favor of PfGSK-3. Taking into account the X-ray structure of a related molecule in complex with human GSK-3 (HsGSK-3), a model was computed for the comparison of inhibitor complexes with the plasmodial and human enzymes. It was found that subtle differences in the ATP-binding pockets are responsible for the observed PfGSK-3 vs HsGSK-3 selectivity. Representatives of the title compound class exhibited micromolar IC50 values against P. falciparum erythrocyte stage parasites. These results suggest that inhibitors of PfGSK-3 could be developed as potential antimalarial drugs. © 2012 American Chemical Society.


Fant X.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Durieu E.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Chicanne G.,Institute des Maladies Metaboliques et Cardiovasculaires I2MC | Payrastre B.,Institute des Maladies Metaboliques et Cardiovasculaires I2MC | And 6 more authors.
Molecular Pharmacology | Year: 2014

Leucettines, a family of pharmacological inhibitors of dualspecificity tyrosine phosphorylation regulated kinases and cdclike kinases (CLKs), are currently under investigation for their potential therapeutic application to Down syndrome and Alzheimer's disease. We here report that leucettine L41 triggers bona fide autophagy in osteosarcoma U-2 OS cells and immortalized mouse hippocampal HT22 cells, characterized by microtubuleassociated protein light chain 3 membrane translocation and foci formation. Leucettine L41-triggered autophagy requires the Unc-51-like kinase and is sensitive to the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitors wortmannin and 3-methyladenine, suggesting that it acts through the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)/PI3K-dependent pathway. Leucettine L41 does not act by modifying the autophagic flux of vesicles. Leucettine L41-induced autophagy correlates best with inhibition of CLKs. Leucettine L41 modestly inhibited phosphatidylinositol- 3-phosphate 5-kinase, FYVE domain-containing activity as tested both in vitro and in vivo, which may also contribute to autophagy induction. Altogether these results demonstrate that leucettines can activate the autophagic mTOR/PI3K pathway, a characteristic that may turn advantageous in the context of Alzheimer's disease treatment. Copyright © 2014 by The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics.


Tahtouh T.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Elkins J.M.,University of Oxford | Filippakopoulos P.,University of Oxford | Soundararajan M.,University of Oxford | And 14 more authors.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2012

DYRKs (dual specificity, tyrosine phosphorylation regulated kinases) and CLKs (cdc2-like kinases) are implicated in the onset and development of Alzheimers disease and Down syndrome. The marine sponge alkaloid leucettamine B was recently identified as an inhibitor of DYRKs/CLKs. Synthesis of analogues (leucettines) led to an optimized product, leucettine L41. Leucettines were cocrystallized with DYRK1A, DYRK2, CLK3, PIM1, and GSK-3β. The selectivity of L41 was studied by activity and interaction assays of recombinant kinases and affinity chromatography and competition affinity assays. These approaches revealed unexpected potential secondary targets such as CK2, SLK, and the lipid kinase PIKfyve/Vac14/Fig4. L41 displayed neuroprotective effects on glutamate-induced HT22 cell death. L41 also reduced amyloid precursor protein-induced cell death in cultured rat brain slices. The unusual multitarget selectivity of leucettines may account for their neuroprotective effects. This family of kinase inhibitors deserves further optimization as potential therapeutics against neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimers disease. © 2012 American Chemical Society.


Maiwald F.,TU Braunschweig | Benitez D.,Institute Pasteur Of Montevideo | Charquero D.,Institute Pasteur Of Montevideo | Dar M.A.,Forschungszentrum Borstel | And 8 more authors.
European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2014

Trypanosomes from the "brucei" complex are pathogenic parasites endemic in sub-Saharan Africa and causative agents of severe diseases in humans and livestock. In order to identify new antitrypanosomal chemotypes against African trypanosomes, 4-azapaullones carrying α,β-unsaturated carbonyl chains in 9- or 11-position were synthesized employing a procedure with a Heck reaction as key step. Among the so prepared compounds, 5a and 5e proved to be potent antiparasitic agents with antitrypanosomal activity in the submicromolar range. © 2014 Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.


PubMed | TU Dortmund, Forschungszentrum Borstel, Perharidy Research Center, TU Braunschweig and Institute Pasteur Of Montevideo
Type: | Journal: European journal of medicinal chemistry | Year: 2014

Trypanosomes from the brucei complex are pathogenic parasites endemic in sub-Saharan Africa and causative agents of severe diseases in humans and livestock. In order to identify new antitrypanosomal chemotypes against African trypanosomes, 4-azapaullones carrying ,-unsaturated carbonyl chains in 9- or 11-position were synthesized employing a procedure with a Heck reaction as key step. Among the so prepared compounds, 5a and 5e proved to be potent antiparasitic agents with antitrypanosomal activity in the submicromolar range.


Burgy G.,CNRS Chemistry Institute of Rennes | Burgy G.,Perharidy Research Center | Tahtouh T.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Durieu E.,French National Center for Scientific Research | And 5 more authors.
European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2013

Leucettines, a family of marine sponge-derived 2-aminoimidazolone alkaloids, are potent inhibitors of DYRKs (dual-specificity, tyrosine phosphorylation regulated kinases) and CLKs (cdc2-like kinases). They constitute promising pharmacological leads for the treatment of several diseases, including Alzheimer's disease and Down syndrome. In order to investigate the scope of potential targets of Leucettine L41, a representative member of the chemical class, we designed an affinity chromatography strategy based on agarose-immobilized leucettines. A synthesis protocol for the attachment of a polyethylene (3 or 4 units) linker to L41 was first established. The linker attachment site on L41 was selected on the basis of the co-crystal structure of L41 with several kinases. L41 was then covalently bound to agarose beads through the primary amine located at the end of the linker. Control, kinase inactive Leucettine was also immobilized, as well as free linker devoid of ligand. Extracts of several mouse tissues revealed a complex pattern of interacting proteins, some of which probably resulting from non-specific, hydrophobic binding, while others representing bona fide Leucettine-interacting proteins. DYRK1A and GSK-3 (glycogen synthase kinase-3) were confirmed as interacting targets by Western blotting in various mouse tissues. The Leucettine affinity chromatography resin constitutes a powerful tool to purify and identify the targets of this new promising therapeutic class of molecules. © 2012 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.


Falke H.,TU Braunschweig | Chaikuad A.,University of Oxford | Becker A.,TU Braunschweig | Loaec N.,Perharidy Research Center | And 10 more authors.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2015

The protein kinase DYRK1A has been suggested to act as one of the intracellular regulators contributing to neurological alterations found in individuals with Down syndrome. For an assessment of the role of DYRK1A, selective synthetic inhibitors are valuable pharmacological tools. However, the DYRK1A inhibitors described in the literature so far either are not sufficiently selective or have not been tested against closely related kinases from the DYRK and the CLK protein kinase families. The aim of this study was the identification of DYRK1A inhibitors exhibiting selectivity versus the structurally and functionally closely related DYRK and CLK isoforms. Structure modification of the screening hit 11H-indolo[3,2-c]quinoline-6-carboxylic acid revealed structure-activity relationships for kinase inhibition and enabled the design of 10-iodo-substituted derivatives as very potent DYRK1A inhibitors with considerable selectivity against CLKs. X-ray structure determination of three 11H-indolo[3,2-c]quinoline-6-carboxylic acids cocrystallized with DYRK1A confirmed the predicted binding mode within the ATP binding site. © 2015 American Chemical Society.


PubMed | RWTH Aachen, Perharidy Research Center, French National Center for Scientific Research, Roosevelt University and TU Braunschweig
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of medicinal chemistry | Year: 2015

The protein kinase DYRK1A has been suggested to act as one of the intracellular regulators contributing to neurological alterations found in individuals with Down syndrome. For an assessment of the role of DYRK1A, selective synthetic inhibitors are valuable pharmacological tools. However, the DYRK1A inhibitors described in the literature so far either are not sufficiently selective or have not been tested against closely related kinases from the DYRK and the CLK protein kinase families. The aim of this study was the identification of DYRK1A inhibitors exhibiting selectivity versus the structurally and functionally closely related DYRK and CLK isoforms. Structure modification of the screening hit 11H-indolo[3,2-c]quinoline-6-carboxylic acid revealed structure-activity relationships for kinase inhibition and enabled the design of 10-iodo-substituted derivatives as very potent DYRK1A inhibitors with considerable selectivity against CLKs. X-ray structure determination of three 11H-indolo[3,2-c]quinoline-6-carboxylic acids cocrystallized with DYRK1A confirmed the predicted binding mode within the ATP binding site.


PubMed | Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Perharidy Research Center, CNRS Laboratory of Communication Molecules and Adaptation of Microorganisms and University of Naples Federico II
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of natural products | Year: 2016

The halogenated alkaloid chloromethylhalicyclamine B (1), together with the known natural compound halicyclamine B (2), was isolated from the extract of the sponge Acanthostrongylophora ingens. The structure of compound 1 was determined by spectroscopic means, and it was shown that 1 is produced by reaction of 2 with CH


PubMed | Perharidy Research Center, French Institute of Health and Medical Research and CNRS Health Technology, Chemistry and Biology Unit
Type: | Journal: European journal of medicinal chemistry | Year: 2016

3,6-Disubstituted imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine derivatives were synthesized to identify new inhibitors of various eukaryotic kinases, including mammalian and protozoan kinases. Among the imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazines tested as kinase inhibitors, several derivatives were selective for DYRKs and CLKs, with IC

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