Cambridge, MA, United States
Cambridge, MA, United States

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Kovalchin J.,Peptimmune Inc | Krieger J.,Peptimmune Inc | Collins K.,Peptimmune Inc | Genova M.,Peptimmune Inc | And 11 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Pharmacology | Year: 2011

PI-2301 is an amino acid copolymer acting as an immunomodulator for the treatment of autoimmune diseases. The present study evaluated the safety, pharmacokinetics (PK), and pharmacodynamics of PI-2301 in a single ascending dose, first-in-human study involving healthy, male adult volunteers. A total of 56 subjects were given a subcutaneous injection of PI-2301 ranging from 0.035 to 60 mg. The only consistent side effect was transient injection site reactions. We describe, for the first time, a pharmacokinetic assay to monitor amino acid copolymer concentration in human serum. PI-2301 was detected in the serum of subjects in the 10-, 30-, and 60-mg cohorts. Maximum serum concentration was achieved between 10 and 30 minutes postdosing with some compound detected 4 hours after dosing. PI-2301's lasting immunological properties were evident by an ex vivo recall assay showing T-cell proliferation and IL-13 production in subjects dosed with 1, 3, or 10 mg of PI-2301, up to 6 months after dosing. A transient increase in chemokine CXCL9 and CXCL10 plasma levels was seen in subjects dosed with 30 or 60 mg of PI-2301. These results are highly consistent with our preclinical findings and suggest that PI-2301 could facilitate the expansion of a favorable immune posture in patients with autoimmune disorders. © 2011 The Author(s).


Kovalchin J.,Peptimmune Inc. | Krieger J.,Peptimmune Inc. | Genova M.,Peptimmune Inc. | Collins K.,Peptimmune Inc. | And 10 more authors.
Journal of Neuroimmunology | Year: 2010

PI-2301 is an immunomodulator that could be an alternative therapy for MS. A placebo-controlled, multiple-ascending dose, double-blind study was performed in patients with secondary-progressive MS. Treatment was given subcutaneously once weekly for 8weeks, followed by a 4-week open-label treatment period with active drug. The most common adverse event was transient injection site reactions. Non-significant trend for increases in serum levels of IL-3, IL-13, and CCL22 over time were suggestive of a beneficial TH2 immune response in subjects dosed with PI-2301 at 3 and 10mg. MRI data indicated a non-significant trend for a reduction of lesion numbers in subjects treated with 1 and 3mg PI-2301. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.


Kovalchin J.,Peptimmune Inc. | Krieger J.,Peptimmune Inc. | Genova M.,Peptimmune Inc. | Kawamoto N.,Harvard University | And 8 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2011

The random amino acid copolymer poly(Y,E,A,K) n (Copaxone®) is widely used in multiple sclerosis treatment and a second generation copolymer poly(Y,F,A,K) n with enhanced efficacy in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in mice has been described. A major mechanism through which copolymers function to ameliorate disease is the generation of immunosuppressive IL-10-secreting regulatory T cells entering the CNS. In addition, the antigen presenting cell to which these copolymers bind through MHC Class II proteins may have an important role. Here, both CCL22 (a Th2 cell chemoattractant) in large amounts and CXCL13 in much smaller amounts are shown to be secreted after administration of YFAK to mice and to a smaller extent by YEAK parallel to their serum concentrations. Moreover, bone marrow-derived macrophages secrete CCL22 in vitro in response to YFAK and to higher concentrations of YEAK. Strikingly, these chemokines are also secreted into serum of MHC Class II -/- mice, indicating that an innate immune receptor on these cells also has an important role. Thus, both the innate and the adaptive immune systems are involved in the mechanism of EAE amelioration by YFAK. The enhanced ability of YFAK to stimulate the innate immune system may account for its enhanced efficacy in EAE treatment. © 2011 Kovalchin et al.


Trademark
Peptimmune Inc. | Date: 2010-01-20

Pharmaceutical products for treatment of central nervous system disorders, antidotes, vaccines, and veterinary vaccines.


PI-2301 is an amino acid copolymer acting as an immunomodulator for the treatment of autoimmune diseases. The present study evaluated the safety, pharmacokinetics (PK), and pharmacodynamics of PI-2301 in a single ascending dose, first-in-human study involving healthy, male adult volunteers. A total of 56 subjects were given a subcutaneous injection of PI-2301 ranging from 0.035 to 60 mg. The only consistent side effect was transient injection site reactions. We describe, for the first time, a pharmacokinetic assay to monitor amino acid copolymer concentration in human serum. PI-2301 was detected in the serum of subjects in the 10-, 30-, and 60-mg cohorts. Maximum serum concentration was achieved between 10 and 30 minutes postdosing with some compound detected 4 hours after dosing. PI-2301s lasting immunological properties were evident by an ex vivo recall assay showing T-cell proliferation and IL-13 production in subjects dosed with 1, 3, or 10 mg of PI-2301, up to 6 months after dosing. A transient increase in chemokine CXCL9 and CXCL10 plasma levels was seen in subjects dosed with 30 or 60 mg of PI-2301. These results are highly consistent with our preclinical findings and suggest that PI-2301 could facilitate the expansion of a favorable immune posture in patients with autoimmune disorders.


PubMed | Peptimmune Inc.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2011

The random amino acid copolymer poly(Y,E,A,K)(n) (Copaxone) is widely used in multiple sclerosis treatment and a second generation copolymer poly(Y,F,A,K)(n) with enhanced efficacy in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in mice has been described. A major mechanism through which copolymers function to ameliorate disease is the generation of immunosuppressive IL-10-secreting regulatory T cells entering the CNS. In addition, the antigen presenting cell to which these copolymers bind through MHC Class II proteins may have an important role. Here, both CCL22 (a Th2 cell chemoattractant) in large amounts and CXCL13 in much smaller amounts are shown to be secreted after administration of YFAK to mice and to a smaller extent by YEAK parallel to their serum concentrations. Moreover, bone marrow-derived macrophages secrete CCL22 in vitro in response to YFAK and to higher concentrations of YEAK. Strikingly, these chemokines are also secreted into serum of MHC Class II -/- mice, indicating that an innate immune receptor on these cells also has an important role. Thus, both the innate and the adaptive immune systems are involved in the mechanism of EAE amelioration by YFAK. The enhanced ability of YFAK to stimulate the innate immune system may account for its enhanced efficacy in EAE treatment.


The instant invention comprises a process of preparing a composition comprising dircted sequence polymer (DSP) mixtures that act as epitopes and useful as vaccines, such DSP synthesized according to a set of rules regarding the identity and the frequency of occurrence of amino acids that substitute a base or native amino acid of a known epitope. The resulting composition is a mixture of related peptides for therapeutic use as a vaccine, preferably for infectious agents that are immune evasive.

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