Abdeyrim A.,The Peoples Hospital Of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region |
Abdeyrim A.,Xinjiang Medical University |
Li N.F.,The Peoples Hospital Of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region |
Li N.F.,Xinjiang Medical University |
And 14 more authors.
Sleep and Breathing | Year: 2016
Purpose: This study aims to determine whether functional residual capacity (FRC) in obese patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) decreases more than in patients without OSA because of decreased outward recoil from chest wall mass loading as well as increased lung inward recoil. Methods: Subjects who were overweight and obese to various degrees with normal spirometric values underwent overnight polysomnography to determine the presence or absence of OSA and were labeled as cases or controls. Lung volume and respiratory mechanical properties were measured by plethysmograph and impulse oscillometry, respectively. Results: A total of 76 men and 31 women were diagnosed with OSA (cases); 64 men and 33 women without OSA were confirmed as controls. Expiratory reserve volume and FRC were significantly decreased in cases compared with controls. Respiratory impedance and resistance at 5 Hz were significantly higher in cases than in controls, although reactance at low frequencies was significantly lower in cases than in controls. Reactance at 5 Hz (Xrs5) was found to be independently highly correlated with the severity of OSA as defined by the Apnea–Hypopnea Index and was significantly correlated with FRC. Conclusions: FRC is significantly decreased in overweight or obese patients with OSA compared with those without OSA, which may be attributed to an increase in lung elastic recoil. The stronger correlation between Xrs5 and OSA severity might indicate upper airway stenosis, and abnormally increased lung elastic recoil may contribute to OSA. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Li Y.,Xinjiang Medical University |
Li N.,The Peoples Hospital Of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region |
Yao X.,The Peoples Hospital Of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region |
Heizati M.,The Peoples Hospital Of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region |
And 4 more authors.
Medical Science Monitor | Year: 2016
Background: Renin is the first step of the RAS cascade, which is a major regulator of salt-volume homeostasis. Adrenergic beta receptor kinase 1 (ADRBK1) plays important roles in regulating blood pressure via the epithelial Na+ channel (ENaC), which plays an important role in Na+ reabsorption in the renal collecting duct. The present casecontrol study was designed to investigate the potential relationship between polymorphisms of ADRBK1 and plasma renin activity (PRA) in hypertension. Material/Methods: We recruited 1831 hypertensive and 422 normotensive Han Chinese subjects. Sitting PRA (ng/mL/h) was measured using radioimmunoassay method. Hypertensive patients were classified into 4 renin categories via PRA quartile. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the ADRBK1 gene (rs1894111, rs4930416, rs7127431, rs12286664, and rs3730147) were identified via TaqMan polymerase chain reaction. Results: Comparison of the hypertensive group and the control group showed significant differences in distribution of genotypes and alleles of rs1894111 (P<0.05). Moreover, distribution of the dominant model (CC vs. CT+TT) in rs1894111 was lower in the hypertensive group than in the control group (P<0.05). Subjects were classified into 4 subgroups based on PRA quartile; the dominant model (CC vs. CT+TT) of rs1894111 was significantly lower in the quartile 1 group (the group with the lowest PRA) than in the control group (P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that the dominant model (CC vs. CT+TT) of rs1894111 was significantly different in the hypertensive group (OR=1.590, 95%CI=1.022–2.474, P<0.05), particularly in the quartile 1 group (OR=1.845, 95%CI=1.119–3.042, P<0.05), but not in the quartile 4 group. Conclusions: The dominant model (CC vs. CT+TT) of rs1894111 polymorphism in the ADRBK1 gene might be associated with low-renin hypertension in Han Chinese. © Med Sci Monit.
Zhang Y.P.,The Peoples Hospital Of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region |
Zhao Q.,The Peoples Hospital Of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region |
Tao Y.Z.,The Peoples Hospital Of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region |
Niu X.R.,The Peoples Hospital Of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region |
Rui L.,The Peoples Hospital Of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region
Genetics and Molecular Research | Year: 2015
This study aimed to evaluate relationships between transient elastography values and liver fibrosis in chronic liver disease patients with normal or mildly abnormal aminotransferase levels. Fifty-six patients were enrolled in the study. Transient elastography and liver biopsy were performed on the same day, and the fibrosis was staged based on the Scheuer scoring system. Liver stiffness was measured to assessed liver fibrosis using transient elastography. The transient elastography values of 12 patients with chronic hepatitis B were studied before and 6 months after antiviral treatment. The sensitivity and specificity for 10.88 kPa in S3 were 80 and 87.8%, and for 19.4 kPa in S4, were 100 and 90.7%, respectively. In univariate analysis, liver stiffness strongly correlated with the fibrosis stage (r = 0.70, P < 0.5), moderately correlated with the aminotransferases (r = 0.398, P < 0.05), and poorly correlated with the degree of necroinflammatory activity (r = 0.19, P < 0.5). In multivariate regression, liver stiffness correlated only with the fibrosis stage (P < 0.05). Pre- and post-treatment viral loads were not significantly different [(4.81 ± 0.15) x 106 vs (7.62 ± 0. 16) x 103, P > 0.05]. Pre- and post-treatment LS measurements were not correlated with viral load (P > 0.05). Pre- and post-treatment LS measurements were not significantly different (P > 0.02). In conclusion, transient elastography values correlated with the stage of cirrhosis, alanine aminotransferase levels, and antiviral treatment in patients with chronic hepatitis B and did not correlate with viral loads. © FUNPEC-RP.