Tongshan, China
Tongshan, China

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Xia A.,Xuzhou Medical College | Xue Z.,Xuzhou Medical College | Li Y.,Xuzhou Central Hospital | Wang W.,Xuzhou Medical College | And 4 more authors.
Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine | Year: 2014

Objectives. This study aims to investigate the effect of betulinic acid (BA) on myocardial ischemia reperfusion/injury in an open-chest anesthetized rat model. Methods. The model was induced by 30 minutes left anterior descending occlusion followed by 2 hours reperfusion. There are six groups in our present study: sham operation group, ischemia/reperfusion group, low-dosage BA group, medium-dosage BA group, high-dosage BA group, and fosinopril sodium group. Rats in the latter four groups were administrated with BA (50, 100, and 200 mg/kg, i.g.) or fosinopril sodium (10 mg/kg, i.g.) once a day for 7 days before operation, respectively. Rats in the former two groups were given the same volume of vehicle (0.5% CMC-Na, i.g.). During the operation, cardiac function was continuously monitored. Serum LDH and CK were measured with colorimetric assays. The expression of Bcl-2 and Bax and the apoptosis of cardiomyocytes were investigated with western blot and TUNEL assay, respectively. Results. Pretreatment with BA improved cardiac function and attenuated LDH and CK activities compared with IR group. Further investigation demonstrated that the expression of Bcl-2 and Bax and TUNEL assay was in line with the above results. Conclusion. BA may reduce the release of LDH and CK, prevent cardiomyocytes apoptosis, and eventually alleviate the extent of the myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury. © 2014 Anzhou Xia et al.

Zhang Y.-Y.,Southwest University | Mi J.-L.,Peoples Hospital of Suining | Zhou C.-H.,Southwest University | Zhou X.-D.,Chongqing Medical University
European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry | Year: 2011

A series of novel fluconazoliums were synthesized and their bioactive evaluation as potential antibacterial and antifungal agents were described. Some target compounds displayed good and broad-spectrum antimicrobial activities with low MIC values ranging from 0.25 to 64 μg/mL against all the tested strains, including three Gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, MRSA and Bacillus subtilis), three Gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Bacillus proteus) as well as two fungi (Candida albicans and Aspergillus fumigatus). Among all tested title compounds, the octyl, dichlorobenzyl, naphthyl and naphthalimino derivatives gave comparable or even better antibacterial and antifungal efficiency in comparison with the reference drugs Fluconazole, Chloromycin and Norfloxacin. © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

Xia A.,Xuzhou Medical College | Xue Z.,Xuzhou Medical College | Wang W.,Xuzhou Medical College | Zhang T.,Xuzhou Medical College | And 4 more authors.
Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology | Year: 2014

To investigate the alteration of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) activity after myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury (MIRI) and further explore the effect of naloxone postconditioning on MIRI. Forty male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into five groups: sham operation (sham, n=8); ischemia reperfusion (IR, n= 8); IR+ naloxone 0.5 m g/kg (N al L, n= 8); IR+ naloxone 1.0 mg/kg (N al M, n= 8); IR+ naloxone 2.0 mg/kg (N al H, n= 8). Pathological changes of myocardial tissue were visualized by HE staining. The expression of p-JNK, and the apoptosis of cardiomyocytes were investigated with Western blotting and the TUNEL assay, respectively. Irregular arrangement and aberrant structure of myocardial fibers, cardiomyocytes with granular or vacuolar degeneration, and inflam m atory cells infiltrating the myocardial interstitial regions characterized MIRI in the IR group. Signs of myocardial injury and inflammatory infiltration were less prominent in the Nal-treated groups. The expression of p-JNK in the sham group and in all Nal-treated groups was significantly lower than that in the IR group (p<0.01). The apoptosis index of cardiomyocytes in the IR group was significantly higher than in the sham group (p<0.01). The apoptosis indices of cardiomyocytes in all Nal-treated groups were significantly reduced to 55.4%, 26.2%, and 27.6%, respectively, of the IR group (p<0.01). This study revealed that Naloxone postconditioning before reperfusion inhibits p-JNK expression and decreases cell apoptosis, thus alleviating MIRI.

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