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Xu Z.H.,Peoples Hospital of Sichuan Province
Zhongguo gu shang = China journal of orthopaedics and traumatology | Year: 2011

Helicobacter pylori (HP) is an infectious pathogen which can easily infringe gastric mucosa. If the body is infected by HP, it can release cytokines, such as TNF-alpha, IL-1 and IL-6. These cytokines can regulate the absorption and transformation of bone, promote the formation of osteoclast, and then cause localized or systemic osteoporosis. HP infection may decrease the level of estrogen and vitamin B12, which is considered as a risk factor for osteoporosis. Helicobacter pylori infection is related with the occurrence of gastritis, peptic ulcer and gastric malignancies, and these diseases and treatments are associated with osteoporosis. Meanwhile the application of proton pump inhibitor (PPI) can influence absorption of calcium, decrease the level of serum calcium and increase the risk of fracture. Gastrostomy may cause bone metabolism disorders.

To study the regulatory effect of thymosin α1 (Tα1) on immunosuppression of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from children with aplastic anemia (AA) through Toll-like receptor 9(TLR9)and indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) signaling pathway. Bone marrow T cell subsets from children with AA and normal individuals were measured by using flow cytometry. Expressions of TLR9/IDO mRNA of MSCs cocultured with Tα1 were determined by reverse-transcription PCR (RT-PCR). Inhibition of PHA-activated T cell proliferation and activation by MSCs cocultured with Tα1 was detected by using MTT assay and flow cytometry. CD4(+)/CD8(+) ratio (0.64 ± 0.02) in children with AA was significantly lower than that in normal individuals (1.42 ± 0.05); but CD8(+)/CD38(+) ratio (0.92 ± 0.04) was significantly higher than that in normal individuals (0.65 ± 0.05). AA MSCs obviously expressed TLR9, but not IDO; AA MSCs treated with Tα1 downregulated TLR9 expression but upregulated IDO expression in concentration- and time-dependent manners. The inhibition of AA MSCs on T cell proliferation (21.38% ± 12.34%) was lower than that in normal individuals (62.72% ± 17.79%, P < 0.05), while AA MSCs treated with Tα1 for 18 h exhibited a stronger inhibition (42.83% ± 16.54%, P < 0.05). The immunosuppression mediated by MSCs could be improved by Tα1 through upregulation of IDO expression via TLR9-dependent signaling pathway. This research provides a new idea for targeted immunomodulatory therapy with bone marrow MSCs from children with AA.

Qiu L.,Peoples Hospital of Sichuan Province
Zhongguo zhen jiu = Chinese acupuncture & moxibustion | Year: 2013

To observe the long-term efficacy and safety of warm needling therapy combined with rehabilitation training in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis (KOA) for the patients living in simple room after earthquake. Eighty-eight cases of KOA were randomized into a warm needling group and an acupuncture group, 44 cases in each one. In the warm needling group, the warm needling therapy was applied at Neixiyan (EX LE 4) and Dubi (ST 35), in combination with rehabilitation training. In the acupuncture group, the same rehabilitation training was received, and the same acupoints were selected as the warm needling group, but only stimulated with acupuncture without moxibustion applied. The clinical efficacy was observed after 20 treatments and in 1-2 months of follow-up. The total effective rate was 100.0% (41/41) in the warm needling group, which was apparently superior to 85.4% (35/41) in the acupuncture group (P < 0.05). The symptom integral, pain and knee joint function score were all improved significantly after 20 treatments in both groups (all P < 0.05). The improvements in symptoms and pain in the warm needling group were superior apparently to the acupuncture group (all P < 0.05). The efficacy remained well within 2 months follow-up (all P < 0.05). But the difference in knee joint function score was not statistically significant between the two groups (all P > 0.05). The combined therapy of warm needling and rehabilitation training achieves the superior efficacy and good safety in the treatment of KOA as compared with the combined therapy of simple acupuncture and rehabilitation training for the patients living in simple room after earthquake.

Du X.,University of Sichuan | He S.,University of Sichuan | Jiang Y.,University of Sichuan | Wei L.,Peoples Hospital of Sichuan Province | Hu W.,University of Sichuan
Journal of Endocrinology | Year: 2013

Islets are exceptionally susceptible to ischemia-reperfusion injury, an increased incidence of primary graft nonfunctionality, and b-cell death during a transplant procedure. Therefore, islets require protection during the early stages of the transplant procedure. Based on the beneficial vascular and anti-inflammatory activity of adiponectin, we hypothesize that adiponectin protects islet cells against ischemia-reperfusion injury and graft dysfunction after transplantation. To examine the effects of adiponectin on the resistance of islet ischemia-reperfusion injury, we used the islet hypoxia-reoxygenation injury model and performed kidney subcapsular syngeneic islet transplants to assess the islets' vitality and function. Furthermore, we utilized lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced or tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα)-induced damage to islet cells to model the inflammation of post-transplant ischemia-reperfusion injury and transplanted islets in adiponectin knockout mice to explore whether the protective action of adiponectin is involved in TNFa production and nuclear transcription factor-kB (NF-κB) activation. Adiponectin suppressed TNFα production and IκB-α phosphorylation; decreased hypoxia-reoxygenation and LPS-induced and TNFa-induced islet apoptosis; and improved islet function in vivo and in vitro. Our results demonstrate that adiponectin protects the islet from injury. We show that islet protection occurs in response to ischemia-reperfusion and is dependent on the suppression of islet production by TNFα through cyclooxygenase 2 and the inhibition of the TNFα-induced NF-κB activation pathways. © 2013 Society for Endocrinology.

Liu L.,Peoples Hospital of Sichuan Province
Zhongguo zhen jiu = Chinese acupuncture & moxibustion | Year: 2010

To assess the efficacy of quick meridian needling therapy plus scalp acupuncture on infantile cerebral palsy (CP). One hundred and forty-seven cases of CP were randomly divided into a quick meridian needling therapy plus scalp acupuncture group (group A), a conventional acupuncture group (group B) and a scalp acupuncture group (group C), 49 cases in each one. In group A, quick needling was applied to the Conception Vessel, Governor Vessel, Hand-Yangming, Hand-Jueyin, Foot-Yangming and Foot-Taiyin meridians distributed on four limbs and trunk. One pricking point was 10 mm far from the other one. In scalp acupuncture, motor area, equilibrium area, sensory area, tremor-control area, foot-motor-sensory area, speech No. 2 area, speech No. 3 area, Baihui (GV 20), Sishencong (EX-HN 1), etc. were selected. The needles were stimulated with rotating manipulation and remained for 30-60 min. In group B, the conventional acupuncture was adopted mainly at Dazhui (GV 14), Shenzhu (GV 12), Fengfu (GV 16) and others. In group C, the scalp acupuncture was used and the points selected were same as those in group A for scalp acupuncture treatment. The scores of Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM) were observed before and after treatment for children. The clinical efficacy of each group was evaluated. By follow-up for 12 months, the condition of independent walking was observed. The total effective rate in group A was 79.6% (39/49), which was superior to that of group B [49.0% (24/49)] and group C [51.0% (25/ 49)] respectively (both P < 0.05). After treatment, GMFM scores of children were all improved significantly in 3 groups (P < 0.001, P < 0.05), of which, the improvement extent in group A was superior to that of other two groups (both P < 0.05). It was found after follow-up for 1 year that 31 cases could walk independently in group A, which was more than group B (17 cases) and group C (16 cases). The quick meridian needling therapy plus scalp acupuncture can improve significantly limb motor function of children with cerebral palsy and its therapeutic effect is superior to conventional acupuncture and simple scalp acupuncture.

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