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He J.P.,Peoples Hospital of Quanzhou
Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery | Year: 2012

To observe the microstructural changes of olfactory mucosa in rat model with acute rhinosinusitis leading to olfactory dysfunction, and to provide foundation for further exploration of corresponding mechanism. On the basis of prior successfully established rat model of acute rhinosinusitis through inoculation with Streptococcus pneumoniae and with the help of merocel strips, one hundred healthy SD rats were randomly divided into experimental group (80) and control group (20). After inoculation, every 20 rats in the experimental groups were sacrificed in first week, second week, third week and fourth week respectively; and all rats in the control group were sacrificed in first week after the inoculation. Before the rats were sacrificed, the method called "buffed food pellet test, BFPT" was adopted, which was advanced by professor Nathan, to measure the rats' olfaction,and the time of every rat spending in finding out the food pellet was recorded and analyzed. BFPT showed that the rats in experimental group spent (402.9 ± 9.3), (453.7 ± 7.3), (351.9 ± 8.9), (278.7 ± 8.1) s respectively in searching the food pellet, which were more than the rats in the control group [(178.3 ± 6.6) s]. Then the olfactory mucosa was collected under anatomic microscope from all the rats to make frozen section and detect the changes of mature olfactory receptor neurons (ORN) and olfactory ensheathing cells (OEC) by immunofluorescence technique. The reduction of ORN in various degrees could be detected in the tissue samples of olfactory mucosa among all the rats in experimental group, with a tendency to become thinner in the thickness of epithelial lamina during the inflammation developing course. This kind of pathology was most marked in the second week and it gradually developed into the stage showing the lesion being the feeblest in the forth week following the beginning of modeling. Although the number of olfactory ensheathing cells appeared reduction in the first week following the beginning of modeling as well,it came to increase from the second week before olfactory receptor neurons and almost completely recovered to normal in the fourth week. In addition, some olfactory ensheathing cells could be detected in the tissue samples of olfactory mucosa among all the rats in experimental group. Both mature olfactory sensory neurons and olfactory ensheathing cells appeared to reduction when sinonasal mucosa taken place acute rhinosinusitis. But the number of olfactory ensheathing cells increased faster than olfactory sensory neurons. In addition, some olfactory ensheathing cells could be detected in the olfactory epithelium.

Zhong J.,Capital Normal University | Liao J.,Capital Normal University | Liu X.,Peking University | Wang P.,Capital Normal University | And 9 more authors.
Cell Cycle | Year: 2011

DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are among the most lethal lesions associated with genome stability, which, when destabilized, predisposes organs to cancers. DSBs are primarily fixed either with little fidelity by non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) repair or with high fidelity by homology-directed repair (HDR). the phosphorylated form of H2AX on serine 139 (γ-H2AX) is a marker of DSBs. In this study, we explored if the protein phosphatase PP6 is involved in DSB repair by depletion of its expression in human cancer cell lines, and determined pp6 expression in human breast cancer tissues by immunohistochemistry staining. We found that bacterially produced pp6c (the catalytic subunit of PP6)-containing heterotrimeric combinations exhibit phosphatase activity against γ-H2AX in the in vitro phosphatase assays. Depletion of PP6c or PP6R2 led to persistent high levels of γ-H2AX after DNA damage and a defective HDR. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assays demonstrated that PP6c was recruited to the region adjacent to the DSB sites. Expression of PP6c, PP6R2 and PP6R3 in human breast tumors was significantly lower than those in benign breast diseases. Taken together, our results suggest that γ-H2AX is a physiological substrate of PP6 and PP6 is required for HDR and its expression may harbor a protective role during the development of breast cancer. © 2011 Landes Bioscience.

Wang Q.,Wenzhou Medical College | Wang Q.,Key Laboratory of Vision Science | Savini G.,G.B. Bietti Eye Foundation IRCCS | Hoffer K.J.,University of California at Los Angeles | And 9 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

Purpose: To comprehensively assess the precision and agreement of anterior corneal power measurements using 8 different devices. Methods: Thirty-five eyes from 35 healthy subjects were included in the prospective study. In the first session, a single examiner performed on each subject randomly measurements with the RC-5000 (Tomey Corp., Japan), KR-8000 (Topcon, Japan), IOLMaster (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Germany), E300 (Medmont International, Australia), Allegro Topolyzer (Wavelight AG, Germany), Vista (EyeSys, TX), Pentacam (Oculus, Germany) and Sirius (CSO, Italy). Measurements were repeated in the second session (1 to 2 weeks later). Repeatability and reproducibility of corneal power measurements were assessed based on the intrasession and intersession within-subject standard deviation (Sw), repeatability (2.77Sw), coefficient of variation (COV), and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Agreement was evaluated by 95% limits of agreement (LoA). Results: All devices demonstrated high repeatability and reproducibility of the keratometric values (2.77Sw<0.36D, COV<0.3%, ICC>0.98). Repeated-measures analysis of variance with Bonferroni post test showed statistically significant differences (P<0.01) among mean keratometric values of most instruments; the largest differences were observed between the EyeSys Vista and Medmont E300. Good agreement (i.e., 95%LoA within ±0.5D) was found between most instruments for flat, steep and mean keratometry, except for EyeSys and Medmont. Repeatability and reproducibility of vectors J0 and J45 was good, as the ICCs were higher than 0.9, except J45 of Medmont and Pentacam. For the 95% LoAs of J0 and J45, they were all ≤ ±0.31 among any two paired devices. Conclusions: The 8 devices showed excellent repeatability and reproducibility. The results obtained using the RC-5000, KR-8000, IOLMaster, Allegro Topolyzer, Pentacam and Sirius were comparable, suggesting that they could be used interchangeably in most clinical settings. Caution is warranted with the measurements of the EyeSys Vista and Medmont E300, which should not be used interchangeably with other devices due to lower agreement. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01587287. © 2012 Wang et al.

Lin C.,Fujian Medical University | Chen X.,Fujian Medical University | Li M.,Fujian Provincial Cancer Hospital | Liu J.,Fujian Medical University | And 6 more authors.
Clinical Lung Cancer | Year: 2015

Background The immune checkpoint proteins programmed death-1/ligand (PD-1/PD-L1) play a critical role in immune escape of tumor cells. In models of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-driven non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), EGFR signal upregulates PD-1/PD-L1. However, data on the clinical significance of PD1/PD-L1 expression in patients with the subtype of NSCLC carrying EGFR mutations remain limited. Materials and Methods Immunohistochemistry was performed to evaluate the expression of PD-1, PD-L1, and CD4+ and CD8+ tumor-infiltrating T lymphocytes (TILs). Results In a cohort of 56 patients, PD-L1 and PD-1 was positive in 53.6% and 32.1% of tumor specimens, respectively. PD-L1+ patients had a significantly greater disease-control rate (P =.004), in association with longer progression-free survival (P =.001) after EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy and overall survival (P =.004), and no correlation between PD-1 positivity and clinical outcomes was observed. PD-L1 expression was not significantly associated with either clinicopathologic features or TILs. Conclusions These findings suggest that this subtype of EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC is highly eligible for PD-1/PD-L1 immunotherapy. PD-L1 might represent a favorable biomarker candidate for the response to EGFR-TKIs and outcomes of these patients with NSCLC. © 2015 Elsevier Inc.

Sun A.,Huaqiao University | Sun A.,Peoples Hospital of Quanzhou | Liu J.,Huaqiao University | Pang S.,Huaqiao University | And 3 more authors.
Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters | Year: 2016

7-Hydroxy-2-methoxy-phenanthrene-3,4-dione and 3′,7′,7-trihydroxy-2,2′,4′-trimethoxy-[1,8′-biphenanthrene]-3,4-dione, two novel compounds and four known compounds were isolated from Bletilla striata. The structures of the compounds were established on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analysis. The two compounds exhibited antiproliferative effects using the MTT test; these effects may be due to cell cycle arrest and inducing ROS generation. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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