Yang Y.B.,Peoples Hospital of Linyi
Zhongguo gu shang = China journal of orthopaedics and traumatology | Year: 2012
To investigate clinical effect of long unstable femoral intertrochanteric fractures with locking plate and cable rope. From June 2004 to June 2010, twenty-six elderly patients with long unstable femoral intertrochanteric fractures were treated locking plate and cable rope fixation,included 16 males and 10 females with an average age of (58.23 +/- 4.45) years ranging from 50 to 65 years. There were 22 cases for traffic accident, 10 of them for traffic accident with other injury; 4 cases for falling injury. According to Evans classification, 21 cases were in type I,among them 8 in type Ia, 10 in type Ib,2 in type Ic, 1 in type Id; the other 5 cases were type Hrd. Hip function scores were recorded to evaluate the treatment outcomes by Harris hip function score system. Twenty-six cases were followed-up for 9 to 18 months (means 15 months). The operations were successful. All the patients received functional training for walking without weight loading from 7 to 14 days after operation, and walking gradually in weight loading from 6 weeks after operation,gradually fully weight loading from 12 weeks. The Harris hip function score were 77.31 +/- 13.97, involving pain 39.79 +/- 6.54, function 31.08 +/- 9.45, deformity and activity 3.85 +/- 0.46. The clinical results were excellent in 10 cases, good in 13, fair in 3. Locking plate and cable rope is suiteable for the treatment of senile long femoral intertrochanteric fractures of every Evans type, especially benefit for osteoporosis patients.
Xu Y.,Peoples Hospital of Linyi
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine | Year: 2015
Background and aims: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a fatal hematological malignancy which is resistant to a variety of chemotherapy drugs. Phospho-ERK5 (p-ERK5) plays a novel role in chemoresistance in some cancer cells and this pathway is a central mediator of cell survival and apoptotic regulation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a specific ERK5 small interference RNA (siRNA) on proliferation and the sensitivity of HL-60 acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells to the chemotherapeutic drug cytarabine. Methods: The cells were transfected with siRNAs using Lipofectamine™ 2000 transfection reagent. Relative ERK5 mRNA and protein levels were measured by quantitative real-time PCR, immunocytochemical assay, and Western blotting, respectively. The cytotoxic effects of cytarabine and ERK5 siRNA, alone and in combination, on leukemic cells were determined using colony formation and MTT assay. Apoptosis was assessed by ELISA cell death assay. Results: ERK5 siRNA markedly reduced both mRNA and protein expression levels leading to distinct inhibition of cell proliferation and increased spontaneous apoptosis. Surprisingly, ERK5 siRNA synergistically increased the cell toxic effects of cytarabine. Conclusions: Our study suggests that down-regulation of ERK5 by siRNA can trigger apoptosis and overcome drug resistance of leukemia cells. Therefore, ERK5 siRNA may be an effective adjuvant in AML chemotherapy. © 2015 E-Century Publishing Corporation. All rights reserved.
Zhou S.,Peoples Hospital of Linyi
Zhongguo gu shang = China journal of orthopaedics and traumatology | Year: 2011
To investigate a drilling guide in the treatment of acromioclavicular joint dislocation with closed reduction and Kirschner fixation and explore the therapeutic effect. From June 2008 to December 2009, 36 patients with acromioclavicular joint dislocation (Tossy III) were treated with closed reduction and Kirschner fixation using a self-designed drilling guide as well as percutaneous repair of acromioclavicular joint. Among the patients, 24 patients were male and 12 patients were female,ranging in age from 20 to 61 years, averaged 38.6 years. The duration from injury to operation ranged from 3.5 to 72 h,with a mean of 15.2 h. No clavicle fracture was found in all cases. The operative time, intra-operative bleeding and therapeutic effects were observed. There were no complications including neurovascular problems. The mean operating time were 20 min,mean blood loss were about 10 ml. According to the observation of postoperative X-ray examination, all Kirschners in acromioclavicular joint were in place. All Kirschners were removed in 6 postoperative weeks. All the patients were followed up ranging from 2 to 26 months (averaged 14.3 months). According to the Karlsson standard,22 patients got an excellent result, 13 good and 1 poor. This method has following advantages: easy operation and fixation; minimum injuries to articular surface; and which would be widely used in clinical practice.
Wei C.-R.,Peoples Hospital of Linyi |
Liu J.,Chest Hospital of Linyi |
Yu X.-J.,Peoples Hospital of Linyi
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine | Year: 2015
Background and Aims: Slug is an E-cadherin repressor and a suppressor of PUMA (p53 upregulated modulator of apoptosis) and it has recently been demonstrated that Slug plays an important role in controlling apoptosis. In this study, we examined whether Slug’s ability to silence expression suppresses the growth of leukemia HL-60 cells and/or sensitizes leukemia HL-60 cells to adriamycin (ADR) through induction of apoptosis. Methods: SLUG siRNA was transfected into the HL-60 and HL-60ADR cell lines (an adriamycin resistant cell line). The stably SLUG siRNA transfected HL-60 and HL-60ADR cells was transiently transfected with PUMA siRNA. The mRNA and protein expression of SLUG and PUMA were determined by Quantitative real-time RT-PCR and Western blot assay. The effects of SLUG siRNA alone or combined with ADR or PUMA siRNA on growth and apoptosis in HL-60 and HL-60ADR cells was detected by MTT, ELISA and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay. Results: The results showed that SLUG was less expressed in the HL-60 cells, and high expressed in the HL- 60ADR cells. Obvious down-regulation of SLUG mRNA and protein levels and up-regulation of PUMA mRNA and protein levels after SLUG siRNA transfection was showed in the HL-60ADR cells. Treatment with ADR induced SLUG mRNA and protein in the HL-60 cells. Significant positive correlation was observed between basal SLUG mRNA and protein and ADR sensitivity. SLUG gene silencing by SLUG siRNA transfection inhibited growth and induced apoptosis, and increased ADR killing of the HL-60 and HL-60ADR cell lines. After the SLUG siRNA transfected HL-60 and HL-60ADR cells was transiently transfected with PUMA siRNA, did not increase ADR killing of the HL-60 and HL-60ADR cell lines. Conclusion: SLUG level positively correlated with sensitivity to ADR. SLUG siRNA could effectively reduce SLUG expression and induce PUMA expression and restore the drug sensitivity of resistant leukemic cells to conventional chemotherapeutic agents. © 2015, E-Century Publishing Corporation. All rights reserved.
Liu J.Y.,Shandong University |
Liu Q.M.,Peoples Hospital of Linyi |
Li L.R.,Peoples Hospital of Linyi
Genetics and Molecular Research | Year: 2015
We investigated the association between the polymorphisms GSTP1 rs1695 and XRCC1 rs1799782 and rs25487 and the clinical outcome of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) receiving cisplatin-based chemotherapy. Genotyping of GSTP1 rs1695 and XRCC1 rs1799782, and rs25487 was conducted by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. By conditional logistic regression analysis, patients carrying the GG genotype of GSTP1 rs1695 and the AA genotype of XRCC1 rs25487 were found to be more highly associated with response to chemotherapy than were those carrying the AA genotype; the ORs (95%CIs) were 0.13 (0.04-0.37) and 3.37 (1.44-8.53), respectively. Presence of the GG genotype of GSTP1 rs1695 and the GA and AA genotypes of XRCC1 rs25487 was associated with overall survival of NSCLC, and the hazards ratios (95%CI) were 4.35 (1.40-17.92), 0.53 (0.31-0.91), and 0.39 (0.18-0.83), respectively. The results of our study suggest that the GSTP1 rs1695 and XRCC1 rs25487 polymorphisms might affect the clinical outcome of patients with advanced NSCLC receiving cisplatin-based chemotherapy. © FUNPEC-RP.