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Lin Y.,Sun Yat Sen University | Lin Y.,Harbin Medical University | Liu X.,Sun Yat Sen University | Liang X.,Sun Yat Sen University | And 7 more authors.
Molecular Vision | Year: 2011

Purpose: To investigate the paired box gene 6 (PAX6) in three patients from southern China presenting with classic aniridia: two patients from two successive generations of one family and one sporadic patient. Methods: All the available members from two successive generations of one family and one sporadic patient underwent complete physical and ophthalmic examinations. Genomic DNA was extracted from leukocytes of peripheral blood collected from the two generations of family members, the sporadic patient and 100 unrelated control subjects from the same population. Exons 1-13 of the PAX6 gene were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequenced directly. The ophthalmic examinations included best-corrected visual acuity, slit-lamp examination, fundus examination, optical coherence tomography, and Pentacam and Goldmann perimetry. Results: The three patients were affected with aniridia accompanied by microcornea, microphthalmia, and nystagmus. A heterozygous PAX6 frameshift mutation, c.891del A(p.Gln297HisfsX68) in exon 10, was identified in the affected individuals and not in any of the unaffected family members, including the unaffected family members of the proband patient's generation. One novel mutation, c.607C>T(Arg203X) in exon 8, was detected in the unrelated sporadic patient. Conclusions: Although PAX6 gene mutations and polymorphisms have been reported from various ethnic groups, we report for the first time the identification of two new PAX6 gene mutations in Chinese aniridia patients. © 2011 Molecular Vision.

Lin Y.,Sun Yat Sen University | Liang X.,Sun Yat Sen University | Liu X.,Sun Yat Sen University | Qu B.,Sun Yat Sen University | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Burn Care and Research | Year: 2012

The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical features and the visual results of fireworks-related ocular burn injuries and to determine the prognostic factors. The authors conducted a prospective observational study of 53 eyes of 46 consecutive patients with fireworks-related ocular injury who visited Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center during the Spring Festival in Southern China. Eyes were graded using an ocular trauma classification system, which included age of the patient. Patients were followed up for a minimum of 5 months. Best-corrected visual acuity at the last follow-up was considered the final visual outcome. Data were analyzed with SPSS version 13.0 (SPSS, Inc., Chicago, IL). Results of statistical tests were considered statistically significant for P < .05. Almost all patients (89.1%) were male with a mean age of 14.3 ± 8.5 years. There was preponderance of young patients, with 63.0% (29) of the patients being younger than 15 years. In addition to their ocular injuries, 23 patients (50.0%) also had eyelid and/or facial burns. The most common initial anterior segment injuries were open-globe injuries (42, 79.3%), conjunctival burns (16, 30.2%), and foreign bodies (18, 34.0%). Others were traumatic cataract, lens subluxation and dislocation, and vitreous hemorrhage. Management after first aid included pars plana vitrectomy (9, 17.0%), aspiration of cataract (18, 34.0%), retinal reattachment (8, 15.1%), and enucleation. Amniotic membrane grafts were used in 11 patients (20.8%) with serious conjunctiva burns and corneal contusions and abrasions who were thought to have a good prognosis. Fireworks-related ocular injuries included a variety of clinical manifestations. Examinations such as B scan, optical coherence tomography, and ultrasound biomicroscopy helped to make a correct diagnosis and plan further treatment. Fireworks-related ocular injuries commonly affect young male subjects of Southern China. Visual outcomes were frequently poor and visually devastating. Laws should be passed to forbid the personal use of fireworks in China, and public education on the sale and use of fireworks should be increased. Copyright © 2012 by the American Burn Association.

Lin Y.,Sun Yat Sen University | Liu X.,Sun Yat Sen University | Luo L.,Sun Yat Sen University | Qu B.,Sun Yat Sen University | And 6 more authors.
Molecular Vision | Year: 2011

Purpose: To investigate the choroideremia (CHM) gene in two families with CHM and to characterize the related clinical features. Methods: Two families underwent complete ophthalmic examinations and three males were diagnosed with CHM. Genomic DNA was extracted from the leukocytes of peripheral blood collected from the two families and from 100 unrelated control subjects from the same population. Exons 1-15 of CHM were amplified by PCR and directly sequenced. Ophthalmic examinations included best-corrected visual acuity, slit-lamp examination, fundus examination, visual field, optical coherence tomography, electroretinogram, and Pentacam. Results: The affected men were hemizygous and had night blindness, chorioretinal atrophy spreading from the posterior pole to the mid-periphery, and bareness of the sclera. A novel c.1488delGinsATAAC mutation was detected in CHM in family 1. Another mutation c.1703 C>G (S558X) within exon 14 of CHM was identified in family 2, which caused the serine 558 codon (TCA) to be changed to a stop codon (TGA). Conclusions: This study identified a novel mutation in CHM associated with CHM and its related clinical features. Our findings expand the genotypic spectrum of CHM mutations associated with CHM and confirm the role of Rab escort protein-1 in the pathogenesis of CHM. © 2011 Molecular Vision.

Jiang S.,Sun Yat Sen University | Jiang S.,Peoples Hospital of Inner Mongolia | Liu X.,Sun Yat Sen University | Luo L.,Sun Yat Sen University | And 5 more authors.
Molecular Vision | Year: 2011

Purpose: To investigate the profile of T-helper type 17 (Th17) cell-related cytokines (interleukin-23 [IL-23], IL-27, IL-17 and interferon-γ [IFN-γ]) in postoperative inflammation in patients with Behcet disease (BD) after cataract surgery. Methods: Serum was collected from seven BD patients with complicated cataract, and from nine controls with uncomplicated cataract, before cataract surgery, and again 1, 7, 30, and 90 days after surgery. In addition, aqueous humor was collected at commencement of surgery. The protein levels of IL-23, IL-27, IL-17, and IFN-γ in the serum and in the aqueous humor were measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. A laser flare-cell photometer was used to quantify intraocular inflammation. Results: Serum IL-23, IL-27, and IFN-γ levels were significantly increased after cataract surgery in the BD versus the control patients. In the BD patients, serum levels of IFN-γ and IL-27 correlated strongly with aqueous flare values and cell counts. Remarkably, the levels of serum IL-27 were significantly associated with serum IFN-γ levels in BD patients (r=0.796; p=0.002). Conclusions: Our data indicates that serum IFN-γ and IL-27 levels are significantly elevated in BD versus control patients and are strongly associated with post-operative intraocular inflammation. © 2011 Molecular Vision.

Yang K.,Guangzhou University | Yang K.,Johns Hopkins University | Lu W.,Guangzhou University | Lu W.,Johns Hopkins University | And 9 more authors.
American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology | Year: 2015

Our previous publication demonstrated that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor g (PPARg) inhibits the pathogenesis of chronic hypoxia (CH)-induced pulmonary hypertension by targeting store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) in rat distal pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). In this study, we aim to determine the role of a membrane scaffolding protein, caveolin-1, during the suppressive process ofPPARg on SOCE. Adult (6-8 weeks) male Wistar rats (200-250 g) were exposed to CH (10% O2) for 21 days to establish CH-induced pulmonary hypertension. Primary cultured rat distal PASMCs were applied for the molecular biological experiments. First, hypoxic exposure led to 2.5-fold and 1-fold increases of caveolin-1 protein expression in the distal pulmonary arteries and PASMCs, respectively. Second, effective knockdown of caveolin-1 significantly reduced hypoxia-induced SOCE for 58.2% and 41.5%, measured by Mn21 quenching and extracellular Ca21 restoration experiments, respectively. These results suggested that caveolin-1 acts as a crucial regulator of SOCE, and hypoxia-up-regulated caveolin-1 largely accounts for hypoxia-elevated SOCE in PASMCs. Then, by using a high-potency PPARg agonist, GW1929, we detected that PPARg activation inhibited SOCE and caveolin-1 protein for 62.5% and 59.8% under hypoxia, respectively, suggesting that caveolin-1 also acts as a key target during the suppressive process of PPARg on SOCE in PASMCs. Moreover, by using effective small interfering RNAs against PPARg and caveolin-1, and PPARg antagonist, T0070907, we observed that PPARg plays an inhibitory role on caveolin-1 protein by promoting its lysosomal degradation, without affecting the messenger RNA level. PPARg inhibits SOCE, at least partially, by suppressing cellular caveolin-1 protein in PASMCs. © Copyright 2015 by the American Thoracic Society.

Sampson J.F.,Tufts University | Hasegawa E.,Harvard University | Mulki L.,Harvard University | Suryawanshi A.,Tufts University | And 7 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

Galectins have emerged as potent immunoregulatory agents that control chronic inflammation through distinct mechanisms. Here, we report that treatment with Galectin-8 (Gal-8), a tandem-repeat member of the galectin family, reduces retinal pathology and prevents photoreceptor cell damage in a murine model of experimental autoimmune uveitis. Gal-8 treatment increased the number of regulatory T cells (Treg) in both the draining lymph node (dLN) and the inflamed retina. Moreover, a greater percentage of Treg cells in the dLN and retina of Gal-8 treated animals expressed the inhibitory coreceptor cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen (CTLA)-4, the immunosuppressive cytokine IL-10, and the tissue-homing integrin CD103. Treg cells in the retina of Gal-8-treated mice were primarily inducible Treg cells that lack the expression of neuropilin-1. In addition, Gal-8 treatment blunted production of inflammatory cytokines by retinal T helper type (TH) 1 and TH17 cells. The effect of Gal-8 on T cell differentiation and/or function was specific for tissues undergoing an active immune response, as Gal-8 treatment had no effect on T cell populations in the spleen. Given the need for rational therapies for managing human uveitis, Gal-8 emerges as an attractive therapeutic candidate not only for treating retinal autoimmune diseases, but also for other TH1- and TH17-mediated inflammatory disorders. © 2015, Public Library of Science. All rights reserved. This is an open access article, free of all copyright, and may be freely reproduced, distributed, transmitted, modified, built upon, or otherwise used by anyone for any lawful purpose. The work is made available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication.

Zhu H.,Peoples Hospital of Inner Mongolia | Yu S.-F.,Peoples Hospital of Inner Mongolia | Bai Y.-X.,Peoples Hospital of Inner Mongolia | Liang Y.-Y.,Peoples Hospital of Inner Mongolia | And 2 more authors.
Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine | Year: 2015

The present study was a retrospective analysis of the dynamic changes and clinical characteristics of 231 cases of Kawasaki disease (KD) in pediatric patients admitted to the People's Hospital of Inner Mongolia between January 2003 and December 2012. A total of 37.23% of the cases occurred in the first 5 years, compared with 62.77% in the latter 5 years. The age distribution ranged from 3 months to 10 years, with a peak age of <1 year. The male-to-female ratio was 2.12:1, and the reoccurrence rate was 1.3%. Among the patient cohort, 7.8% were Mongolian children. The most common clinical symptom was fever (87.6%), while perianal skin peeling was the most rare (14.1%). With regard to the analyzed biomarkers, 90.4% of patients had abnormal platelet (PLT) counts; the next highest abnormality rates were associated with erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) (74.46%) and white blood cell (WBC) counts (59.74%), followed by levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) (57.58%), creatinine kinase-MB (40.26%) and hemoglobin (Hb) (38.53%). In conclusion, the present study has found that approximately two-thirds of cases of KD over a 10-year period occurred in the latter 5 years. Changes in a number of experimental indicators, including PLT, ESR and WBC, could be used in the diagnosis of the condition and to reflect the success of the clinical treatment. © 2015, Spandidos Publications. All rights reserved.

Yang J.,Renmin University of China | Zhang Y.,Peoples Hospital of Inner Mongolia | Zhao S.,Inner Mongolia University | Zhang Z.,Inner Mongolia University | And 3 more authors.
Molecular Medicine Reports | Year: 2015

Functional defects in heat shock proteins (HSPs), e.g. Hsp70, have been reported to have a key role in Parkinson's disease (PD). Overexpressed Hsp70 re-folds aggregated a-synuclein to generate the non-toxic and non-aggregated form. Thus, Hsp70 is a well-defined therapeutic target, and Hsp70 promotion is an efficient strategy to prevent or even reverse the a-synuclein-induced toxicity in PD. The present study investigated the promotion of Hsp70 expression in SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells by glutamine (Gln), which has recently been recognized to induce Hsp70 expression. Furthermore, the role of heat shock factor (HSF)-1 in the Gln-mediated upregulation of Hsp70 expression was investigated. In addition, the regulatory role of Gln in a-synuclein degradation in a-synuclein-overexpressing SH-SY5Y cells was determined. The results of the present study demonstrated that Gln treatment significantly upregulated Hsp70 expression at the mRNA as well as the protein level in a dose-dependent and time-dependent manner. Gln-induced Hsp70 upregulation was found to be HSF-1-dependent, as HSF-1 knockdown abrogated the Hsp70 upregulation by Gln in a-synuclein-overexpressing SH-SY5Y cells. In conclusion, present study confirmed that Gln upregulates Hsp70 expression in SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells in an HSF-1-dependent manner. The upregulation of Hsp70 by Gln increases the a-synuclein degradation. Therefore, Gln may be a potential therapeutic agent to prevent a-synuclein aggregation in PD.

PubMed | Inner Mongolia Baogang Hospital, Southern Medical University and Peoples Hospital of Inner Mongolia
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oncology reports | Year: 2016

CXCL7 is an important chemoattractant cytokine, which signals through binding to its receptor CXCR2. Recent studies have demonstrated that the CXCL7/CXCR2 signaling plays a promoting role in several common malignancies, including lung, renal, colon, and breast cancer. However, the regulatory role of CXCL7, in cholangiocarcinoma, as well as the underlying mechanism, has not been previously reported. Herein, we found more positive expression of CXCL7 in cholangiocarcinoma tissues compared to adjacent non-tumor tissues. High CXCL7 expression was significantly correlated with poor differentiation, lymph node metastasis, vascular invasion and advanced clinical stage, but was not associated with age, gender, or tumor size. Besides, the expression of CXCL7 was significantly associated with the Ki67 expression, but not associated with CA199, AFP, or P53 expression in cholangiocarcinoma. Moreover, the overall survival of cholangiocarcinoma patients with high CXCL7 expression was significantly shorter than those with low CXCL7 expression. Invitro study indicated that CXCL7 and CXCR2 were also positively expressed in several common cholangiocarcinoma cell lines, including HuCCT1, HuH28, QBC939, EGI-1, OZ and WITT. SiRNA-induced inhibition of CXCL7 significantly reduced the proliferation and invasion of QBC939 cells. On the contrary, overexpression of CXCL7 markedly promoted these malignant phenotypes of QBC939 cells. Of note, the conditioned medium of CXCL7-overexpresing human hepatic stellate cells could also promote the proliferation and invasion of QBC939 cells, suggesting that CXCL7 may also play an oncogenic role in cholangiocarcinoma in a paracrine-dependent manner, not only in an autocrine-dependent manner. Molecular assay data suggested that the AKT signaling pathway was involved in the CXCL7-mediated malignant phenotypes of QBC939 cells. In summary, our study suggests that CXCL7 plays a promoting role in regulating the growth and metastasis of cholangiocarcinoma.

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