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Zhu X.,Peoples Hospital of Gaozhou | Sun X.,Peoples Hospital of Gaozhou | Wang M.,Peoples Hospital of Gaozhou | Zhang C.,Peoples Hospital of Gaozhou | And 4 more authors.
Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases | Year: 2015

Background & aims: A growing body of evidence suggests that beta-glucan derived from oats or barley can reduce cardiovascular disease risk through reductions in serum lipids. However, the effects of beta-glucan on lipid changes in hypercholesterolemic patient groups are inconsistent. The objective of this study was to identify and quantify the effect of beta-glucan, a marker of water-soluble fiber, on various lipid parameters and glucose level in hypercholesterolemic subjects. Methods and results: We performed a comprehensive literature search to identify the relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that investigated the effects of beta-glucan consumption in hypercholesterolemic subjects. Mean differences (MDs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated for net changes in lipid concentrations by using fixed-effects or random-effects models according to heterogeneity. Publication bias, sensitivity analysis and subgroup analyses were also performed. Seventeen eligible RCTs with 916 subjects were included in the meta-analysis. The pooled result showed that beta-glucan consumption in hypercholesterolemic population significantly lowered the total cholesterol (TC) (MD, -0.26mmol/L; 95% CI, -0.33 to -0.18; P<0.00001) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol concentration (MD, -0.21mmol/L; 95% CI, -0.27 to -0.14; P<0.00001). However, there were no significant differences in high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, triglycerides (TG) and glucose. No adverse effects were reported among the eligible trials. Conclusion: Our meta-analysis showed that beta-glucan consumption significantly decreased TC and LDL-cholesterol concentrations but did not affect TG, HDL-cholesterol, and glucose concentrations in hypercholesterolemic subjects. © 2015 Elsevier B.V..


Zou Y.,Guangdong Medical College | Liao D.,Guangdong Medical College | Huang H.,Guangdong Medical College | Li T.,Peoples Hospital of Gaozhou | Chi H.,Guangdong Medical College
International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition | Year: 2015

Evidence from animal and observational studies has supported the beneficial effects of beta-glucan intake on glycemic control, but intervention studies in hypercholesterolemic crowd have generated mixed results and have not been systematically examined. In the present study, we aimed to quantitatively evaluate the relation between beta-glucan consumption from oats or barley on glycemic control in hypercholesterolemic individuals. A systematic literature review was conducted for relevant published randomized controlled trials studies (RCTs) in electronic databases through July 2014. Twelve trials with a total of 603 subjects were included in the meta-analysis. Beta-glucan consumption did not significantly affect measures of glycemic control. Summary estimates of weighted mean differences (WMD) and 95% confidence interval was 0.05 mmol/L (-0.11, 0.02) for fasting glucose concentration and 0.75 pmol/L (-1.82, 3.32) for fasting insulin concentrations. In conclusion, there was not a significant overall effect of beta-glucan intake on improvements of fasting glucose and insulin concentrations in hypercholesterolemic subjects. © 2015 Informa UK Ltd.


Chi H.,Guangdong Medical College | Lin X.,Guangdong Medical College | Huang H.,Guangdong Medical College | Zheng X.,Guangdong Medical College | And 2 more authors.
Archives of Medical Research | Year: 2014

Background and Aims: Studies of omega-3 supplementation in dialysis patients describe salutary effects on lipid profiles. However, study results have been inconsistent. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of omega-3 supplementation on serum lipids in chronic dialysis patients. Methods: A systematic literature search was performed to identify the relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that investigated the effects of omega-3 supplementation on dialysis patients. The outcomes included the levels of triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and albumin. Mean differences (MDs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated and heterogeneity was assessed with the I2 test. Results: A total of 678 patients from 14 trials were subjected to meta-analysis. Omega-3 supplementation could significantly decrease the levels of TG (MD, -34.8 mg/dL; 95% CI, -62.32 to -7.28) and LDL (MD, -7.15 mg/dL; 95% CI, -10.11 to -4.2). However, no statistically significant effects were observed for TC, HDL and albumin levels. In a subgroup meta-analysis, a statistically significant effect of omega-3 consumption on TG and LDL was observed in a short-term interventional duration and hemodialysis populations. Conclusion: Our findings indicate that omega-3 supplementation significantly reduced serum TG and LDL level in dialysis patients. However, there is no conclusive evidence that it can modulate the TC, HDL and albumin level. © 2014 IMSS.


Li T.,Peoples Hospital Of Gaozhou | Huang H.,Guangdong Medical College | Liao D.,Guangdong Medical College | Ling H.,Peoples Hospital Of Gaozhou | And 2 more authors.
Molecular Genetics and Genomics | Year: 2015

Accumulating evidence has suggested that the human leucocyte antigen-G (HLA-G) 14 bp ins/del polymorphism might be related to cancer susceptibility. However, epidemiologic findings have been inconsistent. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis of case–control study to derive a more precise estimation of this association. Electronic databases were searched to identify all eligible studies of HLA-G 14 bp ins/del polymorphism and cancer risk. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95 % confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to evaluate the strength of the association in fixed-effects model or random-effects model according to heterogeneity. Publication bias, sensitivity analysis and subgroup analyses based on cancer type, ethnicity, source of controls and sample size were also performed. A total of 14 case–control studies, involving 2,757 cases and 3,972 controls, were included in the present meta-analysis. The pooled analysis showed that there is no significant relationship between the HLA-G 14 bp ins/del polymorphism and cancer susceptibility under the genetic models (for the allele model del vs. ins: OR  1.13, 95 % CI 1.00–1.27; for the homozygote comparison model del/del vs. ins/ins: OR 1.22, 95 % CI 0.95–1.56; for the dominant model del/del + ins/del vs. ins/ins: OR 1.15, 95 % CI 0.94–1.42; for recessive model del/del vs. ins/del + ins/ins: OR 1.13, 95 % CI 0.96–1.34; respectively). Subgroup analyses indicated significant association among breast cancer, population based control and the large sample size group in some genetic models. Our investigations demonstrate that genotypes for the HLA-G 14 bp ins/del polymorphism may be not associated with overall cancer risk. In a subgroup meta-analysis, however, HLA-G 14-bp ins/del polymorphism might contribute to breast cancer susceptibility. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Yang H.-J.,Sun Yat Sen University | Huang T.-J.,Second Peoples Hospital of Shenzhen | Yang C.-F.,Peoples Hospital of Gaozhou | Yang C.-F.,Sun Yat Sen University | And 10 more authors.
Virology Journal | Year: 2013

Background: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is an etiological cause of many human lymphocytic and epithelial malignancies. EBV expresses different genes that are associated with three latency types. To date, as many as 44 EBV-encoded miRNA species have been found, but their comprehensive profiles in the three types of latent infection that are associated with various types of tumors are not well documented. Methods. In the present study, we utilized poly (A)-tailed quantitative real-time RT-PCR in combination with microarray analysis to measure the relative abundances of viral miRNA species in a subset of representative lymphoid and epithelial tumor cells with various EBV latency types. Results: Our findings showed that the miR-BHRF1 and miR-BART families were expressed differentially in a tissue- and latency type-dependent manner. Specifically, in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) tissues and the EBV-positive cell line C666-1, the miR-BART family accounted for more than 10% of all detected miRNAs, suggesting that these miRNAs have important roles in maintaining latent EBV infections and in driving NPC tumorigenesis. In addition, EBV miRNA-based clustering analysis clearly distinguished between the three distinct EBV latency types, and our results suggested that a switch from type I to type III latency might occur in the Daudi BL cell line. Conclusions: Our data provide a comprehensive profiling of the EBV miRNA transcriptome that is associated with specific tumor cells in the three types of latent EBV infection states. EBV miRNA species represent a cluster of non-encoding latency biomarkers that are differentially expressed in tumor cells and may help to distinguish between the different latency types. © 2013 Yang et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Li X.-C.,Southern Medical University | Li X.-C.,Navy General Hospital | Li X.-C.,Peoples Hospital of Gaozhou | Wu Y.-H.,Navy General Hospital | And 7 more authors.
Tissue Engineering - Part A | Year: 2016

Tissue engineering has shown great success in the treatment of intervertebral disk degeneration (IVDD) in the past decade. However, the adverse and harsh microenvironment associated in the intervertebral disks remains a great obstacle for the survival of transplanted cells. Although increasing numbers of new materials have been created or modified to overcome this hurdle, a new effective strategy of biological therapy is still required. In this study, bone morphogenic protein 7 (BMP7)-based functionalized self-assembling peptides were developed by conjugating a bioactive motif from BMP-7 (RKPS) onto the C-terminal of the peptide RADARADARADARADA (RADA16-I) at a ratio of 1:1 to form a new RADARKPS peptide. Human nucleus pulposus-derived stem cells (NPDCs) were cultured in the presence of RADA-RKPS or RADA16-I in an apoptosis-promoting environment that was induced by tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and cells were cultured with RADA16-I in normal medium that served as the control group. After 48 h of apoptosis induction, the viability, proliferation, apoptosis rate, and expression of apoptosis-related genes of NPDCs in the different groups were evaluated, and the differentiation of NPDCs toward nucleus pulposus-like cells was tested. The results showed that the RADA-RKPS peptide could significantly protect the survival and proliferation of NPDCs. In addition, the application of RADA-RKPS decreased the rate of cell apoptosis, as detected by TUNEL-positive staining. Furthermore, our in vitro study confirmed the apoptosis-protecting effects of RADA-RKPS peptides, which significantly reduced the BAX/BCL-2 ratio of NPDCs and upregulated the gene expression of collagen II a1, aggrecan, and Sox-9 after 48 h of apoptosis induction. Collectively, these lines of evidence suggest that RADA-RKPS peptides confer a protective effect to NPDCs in an apoptosis environment, suggesting their potential application in the development of new biological treatment strategies for IVDD. © Copyright 2016, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2016.


PubMed | Guangdong Medical College and Peoples Hospital of Gaozhou
Type: | Journal: Human immunology | Year: 2016

This article hashas been withdrawn at the request of the author(s) and/or editor. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy.


PubMed | Guangdong Medical College and Peoples Hospital of Gaozhou
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Archives of medical research | Year: 2014

Studies of omega-3 supplementation in dialysis patients describe salutary effects on lipid profiles. However, study results have been inconsistent. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of omega-3 supplementation on serum lipids in chronic dialysis patients.A systematic literature search was performed to identify the relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that investigated the effects of omega-3 supplementation on dialysis patients. The outcomes included the levels of triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and albumin. Mean differences (MDs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated and heterogeneity was assessed with the I(2) test.A total of 678 patients from 14 trials were subjected to meta-analysis. Omega-3 supplementation could significantly decrease the levels of TG (MD, -34.8 mg/dL; 95% CI, -62.32 to -7.28) and LDL (MD, -7.15 mg/dL; 95% CI, -10.11 to -4.2). However, no statistically significant effects were observed for TC, HDL and albumin levels. In a subgroup meta-analysis, a statistically significant effect of omega-3 consumption on TG and LDL was observed in a short-term interventional duration and hemodialysis populations.Our findings indicate that omega-3 supplementation significantly reduced serum TG and LDL level in dialysis patients. However, there is no conclusive evidence that it can modulate the TC, HDL and albumin level.


PubMed | Peoples Hospital of Gaozhou
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD | Year: 2015

A growing body of evidence suggests that beta-glucan derived from oats or barley can reduce cardiovascular disease risk through reductions in serum lipids. However, the effects of beta-glucan on lipid changes in hypercholesterolemic patient groups are inconsistent. The objective of this study was to identify and quantify the effect of beta-glucan, a marker of water-soluble fiber, on various lipid parameters and glucose level in hypercholesterolemic subjects.We performed a comprehensive literature search to identify the relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that investigated the effects of beta-glucan consumption in hypercholesterolemic subjects. Mean differences (MDs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated for net changes in lipid concentrations by using fixed-effects or random-effects models according to heterogeneity. Publication bias, sensitivity analysis and subgroup analyses were also performed. Seventeen eligible RCTs with 916 subjects were included in the meta-analysis. The pooled result showed that beta-glucan consumption in hypercholesterolemic population significantly lowered the total cholesterol (TC) (MD, -0.26 mmol/L; 95% CI, -0.33 to -0.18; P < 0.00001) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol concentration (MD, -0.21 mmol/L; 95% CI, -0.27 to -0.14; P < 0.00001). However, there were no significant differences in high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, triglycerides (TG) and glucose. No adverse effects were reported among the eligible trials.Our meta-analysis showed that beta-glucan consumption significantly decreased TC and LDL-cholesterol concentrations but did not affect TG, HDL-cholesterol, and glucose concentrations in hypercholesterolemic subjects.


PubMed | Peoples Hospital of Gaozhou
Type: | Journal: OncoTargets and therapy | Year: 2016

This study aimed to investigate the prognostic value of Onoderas prognostic nutritional index (PNI) in patients with metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC).A total of 187 patients with metastatic NPC treated with cisplatin-based chemotherapy were retrospectively reviewed. The PNI was calculated using the following formula: serum albumin level (gram per liter) +0.005 peripheral lymphocyte count (per cubic millimeter). A receiver operating characteristics curve for overall survival (OS) with the highest Youden index was determined to calculate the best cutoff value of PNI. The relationship between PNI and clinicopathological parameters was compared with the The median PNI in this study was 49.0 (ranging from 32.2 to 78.4). The best cutoff value of PNI for OS was 51.0 according to the receiver operating characteristics analysis. The median OS time was 13.0 months. The multivariate analysis indicated that the complete response (hazard ratio 0.681, 95% confidence interval 0.574-0.902; This study revealed that PNI is a simple and effective predictor for overall survival in patients with metastatic NPC.

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