Peoples Hospital of Bozhou
Peoples Hospital of Bozhou
Shao F.,Jiangxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine |
Gu L.,Jiangxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine |
Chen H.,Peoples Hospital of Bozhou |
Liu R.,Jiangxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine |
And 2 more authors.
Pharmacognosy Magazine | Year: 2016
Background: Hawthorn (Crataegus pinnatifida) is a Chinese medicinal plant traditionally used in the treatment of hyperlipidemia. Recently, studies indicated free radical scavenging was one of the major pathways to alleviate hyperlipidemia. Moreover, hawthorn fruit is a rich source of phenols, which quench free radical and attenuate hyperlipidemia. However, the phenols vary with processing methods, especially solvent type. Objective: Our aim was to compare hypolipidemic and antioxidant effects of aqueous and ethanol extracts of hawthorn fruit in hyperlipidemia rats. Materials and Methods: After a 4-week treatment of high-fat emulsion, lipid profile levels and antioxidant levels of two extracts were determined using commercial analysis. Total phenols content in the extract of hawthorn fruit was determined colorimetrically by the Folin-Ciocalteu method. Results: Both ethanol and aqueous extracts of hawthorn fruit possessed hypolipidemic and antioxidant activities. Simultaneously, stronger activities were observed in ethanol extract. Besides, total phenols content in ethanol extract from the same quality of hawthorn fruit was 3.9 times more than that in aqueous extract. Conclusion: The obvious difference of hypolipidemic and antioxidant effects between ethanol extract and aqueous extract of hawthorn fruit was probably due to the presence of total phenols content, under the influence of extraction solvent. © 2016 Pharmacognosy Magazine | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow.
Wu J.,Anhui University of Science and Technology |
Zheng W.,Anhui University of Science and Technology |
Rong L.,Peoples Hospital of Bozhou |
Xing Y.,Anhui University of Science and Technology |
Hu D.,Anhui University of Science and Technology
Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy | Year: 2017
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common subtype of kidney cancer. Currently, there is a lack of efficient treatment for RCC. Bicyclol, an anti-hepatitis drug, has been demonstrated to possess anti-tumor properties. However, the effect of bicyclol in RCC remains elusive. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the biological effects of bicyclol on RCC and the underlying mechanisms. The data from this study indicated that bicyclol markedly induced cell apoptosis and cell cycle arrest and increased the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in RCC cells. Moreover, bicyclol induced ER stress in a ROS-dependent manner, since the ROS scavenger NAC could block this effect. Taken together, the results of this study provide evidence that bicyclol may serve as a potential therapeutic agent for the treatment of human RCC. © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS
Zhu Y.,Anhui Medical University |
Tang Q.,Anhui Medical University |
Wang G.,Anhui Medical University |
Han R.,Peoples Hospital Of Bozhou
Current Neurovascular Research | Year: 2017
Tanshinone IIA is a key active ingredient of danshen, which is derived from the dried root or rhizome of Salviae miltiorrhizae Bge. The tanshinone IIA has protective effects against the focal cerebral ischemic injury. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Methods: An in vitro model of cerebral ischemia was established by subjecting cultures of hippocampal neuronal cells to oxygen-glucose deprivation followed by reperfusion (OGD/R). The probes of 5-(and-6)-chloromethyl-2’,7’-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate, acetyl ester (CM-H2DCFDA) and 5’,6,6’-tetrachloro-1,1’,3,3’-tetraethylbenzimidazolylcarbocyanine,iodide (JC-1) were used to determine the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Western-blot was used to detect the expression of proteins in HT-22 cells. Results: The results of cell proliferative assays showed that the tanshinone IIA attenuated OGD/R-mediated neuronal cell death, with the evidence of increased cell viability. In addition, OGD/R exposure led to increase the levels of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), which were significantly suppressed by tanshinone IIA treatment. Furthermore, tanshinone IIA treatment inhibited elevations in MMP and autophagy following exposure to OGD/R. Additionally, OGD/R promoted cell death with concomitant inhibiting phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt)/ mammalian target of Rapamycin (mTOR) pathway, which was reversed by tanshinone IIA. Conclusion: These results suggest that the tanshinone IIA protects against OGD/R-mediated cell death in HT-22 cells, in part, due to activating PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway. © 2017 Bentham Science Publishers
Pan M.,Southern Medical University |
Chai L.,Southern Medical University |
Chai L.,Peoples Hospital of Bozhou |
Xue F.,Southern Medical University |
And 3 more authors.
Bone and Joint Research | Year: 2017
Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the biomechanical stability and clinical outcome of external fixator combined with limited internal fixation (EFLIF) and open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) in treating Sanders type 2 calcaneal fractures. Methods: Two types of fixation systems were selected for finite element analysis and a dual cohort study. Two fixation systems were simulated to fix the fracture in a finite element model. The relative displacement and stress distribution were analysed and compared. A total of 71 consecutive patients with closed Sanders type 2 calcaneal fractures were enrolled and divided into two groups according to the treatment to which they chose: the EFLIF group and the ORIF group. The radiological and clinical outcomes were evaluated and compared. Results: The relative displacement of the EFLIF was less than that of the plate (0.1363 mm to 0.1808 mm). The highest von Mises stress value on the plate was 33% higher than that on the EFLIF. A normal restoration of the Böhler angle was achieved in both groups. No significant difference was found in the clinical outcome on the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society Ankle Hindfoot Scale, or on the Visual Analogue Scale between the two groups (p > 0.05). Wound complications were more common in those who were treated with ORIF (p = 0.028). Conclusions: Both EFLIF and ORIF systems were tested to 160 N without failure, showing the new construct to be mechanically safe to use. Both EFLIF and ORIF could be effective in treating Sanders type 2 calcaneal fractures. The EFLIF may be superior to ORIF in achieving biomechanical stability and less blood loss, shorter surgical time and hospital stay, and fewer wound complications. © 2017 Cao et al.
Gao H.-N.,Zhejiang University |
Lu H.-Z.,Fudan University |
Cao B.,Capital Medical University |
Du B.,Peking Union Medical College |
And 38 more authors.
New England Journal of Medicine | Year: 2013
BACKGROUND: During the spring of 2013, a novel avian-origin influenza A (H7N9) virus emerged and spread among humans in China. Data were lacking on the clinical characteristics of the infections caused by this virus. METHODS: Using medical charts, we collected data on 111 patients with laboratory-confirmed avian-origin influenza A (H7N9) infection through May 10, 2013. RESULTS: Of the 111 patients we studied, 76.6% were admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU), and 27.0% died. The median age was 61 years, and 42.3% were 65 years of age or older; 31.5% were female. A total of 61.3% of the patients had at least one underlying medical condition. Fever and cough were the most common presenting symptoms. On admission, 108 patients (97.3%) had findings consistent with pneumonia. Bilateral ground-glass opacities and consolidation were the typical radiologic findings. Lymphocytopenia was observed in 88.3% of patients, and thrombocytopenia in 73.0%. Treatment with antiviral drugs was initiated in 108 patients (97.3%) at a median of 7 days after the onset of illness. The median times from the onset of illness and from the initiation of antiviral therapy to a negative viral test result on real-time reverse-transcriptase-polymerase- chain-reaction assay were 11 days (interquartile range, 9 to 16) and 6 days (interquartile range, 4 to 7), respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed that the presence of a coexisting medical condition was the only independent risk factor for the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) (odds ratio, 3.42; 95% confidence interval, 1.21 to 9.70; P = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: During the evaluation period, the novel H7N9 virus caused severe illness, including pneumonia and ARDS, with high rates of ICU admission and death. (Funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China and others.) Copyright © 2013 Massachusetts Medical Society.
Chen Y.,Shanghai JiaoTong University |
Zhou X.,Shanghai JiaoTong University |
Rong L.,Peoples Hospital of Bozhou
Molecular Medicine Reports | Year: 2015
Gene expression profiles of samples taken from patients with acute lung injury (ALI) induced by mechanical ventilation (MV) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were analyzed in order to identify key genes, and explore the underlying mechanisms. The GSE2411 microarray data set was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus. This data set contained microarray data from 24 mouse lung samples, which were equally divided into four groups: Control group, MV group, LPS group and MV+LPS group. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified in the MV, LPS and MV+LPS groups, as compared with the control group, using packages of R software. Hierarchical clustering and between-group comparisons were performed for each group of DEGs. Overrepresented biological processes were revealed by functional enrichment analysis using the Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery. Unique DEGs in the LPS and MV+LPS groups were selected, and pathway enrichment analyses were performed using the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes Orthology Based Annotation system. A total of 32, 264 and 685 DEGs were identified in the MV, LPS and MV+LPS groups, respectively. The MV+LPS group had more DEGs, as compared with the other two treatment groups. Genes associated with the immune and inflammatory responses were significantly overrepresented in both the LPS and MV+LPS groups, suggesting that LPS dominated the progression of ALI. Unique DEGs in the LPS and MV+LPS groups were associated with cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction. The Janus kinase-signal transducer and activator of transcription signaling pathway was shown to be enriched in the LPS+MV-unique DEGs. The results of the present study demonstrated that MV could exaggerate the transcriptional response of the lungs to LPS. Numerous key genes were identified, which may advance knowledge regarding the pathogenesis of ALI.
Chai P.,Peoples Hospital of Bozhou |
Tian J.,Peoples Hospital of Bozhou |
Zhao D.,Hospital of Suzhou |
Zhang H.,Peoples Hospital of Bozhou |
And 3 more authors.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2016
Gse1 coiled-coil protein (GSE1), also known as KIAA0182, is a proline rich protein. However, the function of GSE1 is largely unknown. In this study, we reported that GSE1 is overexpression in breast cancer and silencing of GSE1 significantly suppressed breast cancer cells proliferation, migration and invasion. Furthermore, GSE1 was identified as a direct target of miR-489-5p, which is significantly reduced in breast cancer tissues. In addition, forced expression of miR-489-5p suppressed breast cancer cells proliferation, migration and invasion. Moreover, depletion of GSE1 by siRNAs significantly abrogated the enhanced proliferation, migration and invasion of breast cancer cells consequent to miR-489-5p depletion. Taken together, these findings suggest that GSE1 may function as a novel oncogene in breast cancer and it can be regulated by miR-489-5p. © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Yu C.-Y.,Anhui Medical University |
Yu C.-Y.,Nanjing Medical University |
Gui W.,Anhui Medical University |
Gui W.,Peoples Hospital of Bozhou |
And 7 more authors.
NeuroMolecular Medicine | Year: 2014
To address the role of the transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ)-Smad3 signaling pathway in dendrite growth and associated synaptogenesis, we used small inhibitory RNA to knockdown the Smad3 gene in either cultured neurons and or primary astrocytes. We found that TGFβ1 treatment of primary neurons increased dendrite extensions and the number of synapsin-1-positive synapses. When Smad3 was knockdown in primary neurons, dendrite growth was inhibited and the number of synapsin-1-positive synapses reduced even with TGFβ1 treatment. When astrocyte-conditioned medium (ACM), collected from TGFβ1-treated astrocytes (TGFβ1-stimulated ACM), was added to cultured neurons, dendritic growth was inhibited and the number of synapsin-1-positive puncta reduced. When TGFβ1-stimulated ACM was collected from astrocytes with Smad3 knocked down, this conditioned media promoted the growth of dendrites and the number of synapsin-1-positive puncta in cultured neurons. We further found that TGFβ1 signaling through Smad3 increased the expression of chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans, neurocan, and phosphacan in ACM. Application of chondroitinase ABC to the TGFβ1-stimulated ACM reversed its inhibitory effects on the dendrite growth and the number of synapsin-1-positive puncta. On the other hand, we found that TGFβ1 treatment caused a facilitation of Smad3 phosphorylation and translocation to the nucleus induced by status epilepticus (SE) in wild-type (Smad3 +/+) mice, and this treatment also caused a promotion of γ-aminobutyric acid-ergic synaptogenesis impaired by SE in Smad3 +/+ as well as in Smad3-/- mice, but more dramatic promotion in Smad3+/+ mice. Thus, we provide evidence for the first time that TGFβ-Smad3 signaling pathways within neuron and astrocyte differentially regulate dendrite growth and synaptogenesis, and this pathway may be involved in the pathogenesis of some central nervous system diseases, such as epilepsy. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York.
Zhang G.-H.,Chinese People's Liberation Army |
Qin R.,Peoples Hospital of Bozhou |
Zhang S.-H.,Harbin Medical University |
Zhu H.,Harbin Medical University
Molecular Biology Reports | Year: 2014
Vascular endothelial growth factor B (VEGF-B) was reported to be angiogenic, and it was considered as a neuroprotective agent in mouse retinal ganglion cells following optic nerve crush. Thus, it was necessary to investigate whether VEGF-B contributes to the process of retinal and choroidal neovascularization. We aimed to investigate the effects of VEGF-B on proliferation and migration in EA.Hy926 cells. The proliferation of cells was analyzed by cell counting kit 8 assay, and the migration of cells was evaluated by a modified Boyden chamber assay. The levels of phospho-ERK1/2 (P-ERK1/2), ERK1/2, phospho-p38 and p38 were detected by western blotting. The results showed that VEGF-B induced proliferation and migration of EA.Hy926 cells (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05, respectively), and ERK1/2 and p38 phosphorylation were significantly activated. Our study suggested that VEGF-B was an angiogenesis factor in vitro and that ERK1/2 and p38-related signaling pathways were involved in these VEGF-B activities. © Springer Science+Business Media 2013.
PubMed | Peoples Hospital of Bozhou
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Tumour biology : the journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine | Year: 2016
Autophagy is a highly conserved self-digestion process to promote cell survival in response to nutrient starvation and other metabolic stresses in eukaryotic cells. Dysregulation of this system is linked with numerous human diseases, including cancers. ATG4B, a cysteine protease required for autophagy, cleaves the C-terminal amino acid of ATG8 family proteins to reveal a C-terminal glycine which is necessary for ATG8 proteins conjugation to phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and insertion to autophagosome precursor membranes. However, the mechanism governing the protein stability of ATG4B in human cancer cells is not fully understood. In this study, tandem affinity purification/mass spectrometry (TAP/MS) were applied to the investigation of the interaction between ATG4B and potential candidate proteins. Then, co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) and GST-pull down assays indicated that the candidate protein-SLC27A4 directly interacts with ATG4B in lung cancer cell lines. Intriguingly, we also found that ATG4B protein expression was increased in parallel with SLC27A4 in lung cancer cell lines as well as lung tumor tissues. However, relevant functional research of SLC27A4 in autophagy or oncotherapy has not been investigated before. In this study, we hypothesized that SLC27A4 might act as a mediator of ATG4B, in some respects, through the protein binding directly. Further, we found that the high expression level of SLC7A4 increased the ATG4B stability and was conducive to rapid reaction to everolimus (RAD001)-induced autophagy in human lung cancer cells. As expected, the results showed that SLC27A4 could help to maintain the protein stability and intracellular concentration of ATG4B, thereby triggering rapid autophagy through releasing ATG4B to cytoplasm under conditions of reduced nutrient availability or during stress of chemotherapy in lung cancer cells. Reduced SLC27A4 by si-RNA also showed the enhanced therapeutic efficiency of everolimus, doxorubicin, and cisplatin in human lung cancer cell lines. Collectively, this study may help researchers better understand the mechanism of autophagy vitality in human cancers and SLC27A4/ATG4B complex might act as a new potential therapeutic target of lung tumor chemotherapy.