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Chen Y.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Zhou X.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Rong L.,Peoples Hospital of Bozhou
Molecular Medicine Reports

Gene expression profiles of samples taken from patients with acute lung injury (ALI) induced by mechanical ventilation (MV) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were analyzed in order to identify key genes, and explore the underlying mechanisms. The GSE2411 microarray data set was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus. This data set contained microarray data from 24 mouse lung samples, which were equally divided into four groups: Control group, MV group, LPS group and MV+LPS group. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified in the MV, LPS and MV+LPS groups, as compared with the control group, using packages of R software. Hierarchical clustering and between-group comparisons were performed for each group of DEGs. Overrepresented biological processes were revealed by functional enrichment analysis using the Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery. Unique DEGs in the LPS and MV+LPS groups were selected, and pathway enrichment analyses were performed using the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes Orthology Based Annotation system. A total of 32, 264 and 685 DEGs were identified in the MV, LPS and MV+LPS groups, respectively. The MV+LPS group had more DEGs, as compared with the other two treatment groups. Genes associated with the immune and inflammatory responses were significantly overrepresented in both the LPS and MV+LPS groups, suggesting that LPS dominated the progression of ALI. Unique DEGs in the LPS and MV+LPS groups were associated with cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction. The Janus kinase-signal transducer and activator of transcription signaling pathway was shown to be enriched in the LPS+MV-unique DEGs. The results of the present study demonstrated that MV could exaggerate the transcriptional response of the lungs to LPS. Numerous key genes were identified, which may advance knowledge regarding the pathogenesis of ALI. Source

Gao H.-N.,Zhejiang University | Lu H.-Z.,Fudan University | Cao B.,Capital Medical University | Du B.,Peking Union Medical College | And 38 more authors.
New England Journal of Medicine

BACKGROUND: During the spring of 2013, a novel avian-origin influenza A (H7N9) virus emerged and spread among humans in China. Data were lacking on the clinical characteristics of the infections caused by this virus. METHODS: Using medical charts, we collected data on 111 patients with laboratory-confirmed avian-origin influenza A (H7N9) infection through May 10, 2013. RESULTS: Of the 111 patients we studied, 76.6% were admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU), and 27.0% died. The median age was 61 years, and 42.3% were 65 years of age or older; 31.5% were female. A total of 61.3% of the patients had at least one underlying medical condition. Fever and cough were the most common presenting symptoms. On admission, 108 patients (97.3%) had findings consistent with pneumonia. Bilateral ground-glass opacities and consolidation were the typical radiologic findings. Lymphocytopenia was observed in 88.3% of patients, and thrombocytopenia in 73.0%. Treatment with antiviral drugs was initiated in 108 patients (97.3%) at a median of 7 days after the onset of illness. The median times from the onset of illness and from the initiation of antiviral therapy to a negative viral test result on real-time reverse-transcriptase-polymerase- chain-reaction assay were 11 days (interquartile range, 9 to 16) and 6 days (interquartile range, 4 to 7), respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed that the presence of a coexisting medical condition was the only independent risk factor for the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) (odds ratio, 3.42; 95% confidence interval, 1.21 to 9.70; P = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: During the evaluation period, the novel H7N9 virus caused severe illness, including pneumonia and ARDS, with high rates of ICU admission and death. (Funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China and others.) Copyright © 2013 Massachusetts Medical Society. Source

Tan Y.,Jiangsu University | Pan T.,Peoples Hospital of Bozhou | Ye Y.,Jiangsu University | Ge G.,Jiangsu University | And 3 more authors.

Background: Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs), which are extremely stable and protected from RNAse-mediated degradation in body fluids, have emerged as candidate biomarkers for many diseases. The present study aimed to identify a serum microRNA (miRNA) expression profile that could serve as a novel diagnostic biomarker for primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC).Methods: Serum miRNA expression was investigated using four cohorts comprising 380 participants (healthy controls and patients with PBC) recruited between August 2010 and June 2013. miRNA expression was initially analyzed by Illumina sequencing using serum samples pooled from 3 patients and 3 controls. Quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was then used to evaluate the expression of selected miRNAs in a screening set (n= 40). A logistic regression model was then constructed using a training cohort (n= 192) and validated using another cohort (n =142). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was used to evaluate diagnostic accuracy.Results: We identified a miRNA panel (hsa-miR-122-5p, hsa-miR-141-3p, and hsa-miR-26b-5p) with a high diagnostic accuracy for PBC (AUC = 0.905, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.857 to 0.953; sensitivity = 80.5%, specificity = 88.3%). There was a significant difference between AUC values of the miRNA panel and those of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) (AUC= 0.537, difference between areas= 0.314, 95% CI=0.195 to 0.434, P<0.001), and those of antinuclear antibody (ANA) (AUC=0.739, difference between areas=0.112, 95% CI=0.012 to 0.213, P=0.0282).Conclusion: We identified a serum microRNA panel with considerable clinical value in PBC diagnosis. The results indicate that the miRNA panel is a more sensitive and specific biomarker for PBC than ALP and ANA. © 2014 Tan et al. Source

Chai P.,Peoples Hospital of Bozhou | Tian J.,Peoples Hospital of Bozhou | Zhao D.,Hospital of Suzhou | Zhang H.,Peoples Hospital of Bozhou | And 3 more authors.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications

Gse1 coiled-coil protein (GSE1), also known as KIAA0182, is a proline rich protein. However, the function of GSE1 is largely unknown. In this study, we reported that GSE1 is overexpression in breast cancer and silencing of GSE1 significantly suppressed breast cancer cells proliferation, migration and invasion. Furthermore, GSE1 was identified as a direct target of miR-489-5p, which is significantly reduced in breast cancer tissues. In addition, forced expression of miR-489-5p suppressed breast cancer cells proliferation, migration and invasion. Moreover, depletion of GSE1 by siRNAs significantly abrogated the enhanced proliferation, migration and invasion of breast cancer cells consequent to miR-489-5p depletion. Taken together, these findings suggest that GSE1 may function as a novel oncogene in breast cancer and it can be regulated by miR-489-5p. © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Zhang G.-H.,Chinese Peoples Liberation Army | Qin R.,Peoples Hospital of Bozhou | Zhang S.-H.,Harbin Medical University | Zhu H.,Harbin Medical University
Molecular Biology Reports

Vascular endothelial growth factor B (VEGF-B) was reported to be angiogenic, and it was considered as a neuroprotective agent in mouse retinal ganglion cells following optic nerve crush. Thus, it was necessary to investigate whether VEGF-B contributes to the process of retinal and choroidal neovascularization. We aimed to investigate the effects of VEGF-B on proliferation and migration in EA.Hy926 cells. The proliferation of cells was analyzed by cell counting kit 8 assay, and the migration of cells was evaluated by a modified Boyden chamber assay. The levels of phospho-ERK1/2 (P-ERK1/2), ERK1/2, phospho-p38 and p38 were detected by western blotting. The results showed that VEGF-B induced proliferation and migration of EA.Hy926 cells (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05, respectively), and ERK1/2 and p38 phosphorylation were significantly activated. Our study suggested that VEGF-B was an angiogenesis factor in vitro and that ERK1/2 and p38-related signaling pathways were involved in these VEGF-B activities. © Springer Science+Business Media 2013. Source

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