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Weifang, China

Guo X.,Wuxi No. 2 Peoples Hospital | Huang Q.,Peoples Hospital | Lin Y.,Radiation Oncology
Analytical Letters

Detection of biomarkers in a biologically complex mixture remains a major challenge. Herein, an ultrasensitive colorimetric sandwich sensor for carcino-embryonic antigen (CEA) detection is introduced. The DNAzyme was tethered to biotinylated monoclonal antibodies (McAbs) which serve as the sensing element to recognize the target protein and was then introduced on to the CEA-McAbs assembled micro plate. The CEA was captured in a sandwich assay by the McAbs. The peroxidase-like DNAzyme catalyzed the oxidation of 2,2′-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid), which generated a blue-green colorimetric signal. This method detected CEA in a serum-containing medium at a concentration as low as 10 nM. This strategy is a promising tool for bioanalytical and clinical applications. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC. Source

Cang S.,Peoples Hospital | Mukhi N.,New York Medical College | Wang K.,New York Medical College | Liu D.,New York Medical College
Journal of Hematology and Oncology

Rituximab (RTX), a monoclonal antibody (mAb) against CD20, has been widely used for lymphoma therapy. RTX in combination with cyclophosphamide /doxorubicin /vincristine /prednisone (R-CHOP) remains the standard frontline regimen for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. However, suboptimal response and /or resistance to rituximab have remained a challenge in the therapy of B-cell non-Hodgkins lymphoma (NHL). Novel agents are under active clinical trials. This review will summarize the latest development in new mAbs against CD20, which include second-generation mAbs, ofatumumab, veltuzumab (IMMU-106), ocrelizumab (PRO70769), and third-generation mAbs, AME-133v (ocaratuzumab), PRO131921 and GA101 (obinutumumab). © 2012 Cang et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

Yu L.-P.,Nanjing Medical University | Qian W.-W.,Peoples Hospital | Yin G.-Y.,Nanjing Medical University | Ren Y.-X.,Nanjing Medical University | Hu Z.-Y.,Nanjing Medical University

Background: To evaluate by MRI intervertebral disc degeneration in patients with lumbar degenerative disease using the Pfirrmann grading system and to determine whether Modic changes correlated with the Pfirrmann grades and modified Pfirrmann grades of disc degeneration. Methods: The clinical data of 108 surgical patients with lumbar degenerative disease were reviewed and their preoperative MR images were analyzed. Disc degeneration was evaluated using the Pfirrmann grading system. Patients were followed up and low back pain was evaluated using the visual analog scale (VAS) and the effect of back pain on the daily quality of life was assessed using Oswestry disability index (ODI). Results: Forty-four cases had normal anatomical appearance (Modic type 0) and their Pfirrmann grades were 3.77±0.480 and their modified Pfirrmann grades were of 5.81±1.006. Twenty-seven cases had Modic type I changes and their Pfirrmann grades were 4.79±0.557 and their modified Pfirrmann grades were 7.00±0.832. Thirty-six cases exhibited Modic type II changes and their Pfirrmann grades and modified Pfirrmann grades were 4.11±0.398 and 6.64±0.867, respectively. One case had Modic type III changes. Kruskal-Wallis test revealed significant difference in modified Pfirrmann grade among Modic type 0, I and II changes (P<0.01) but no significant difference between Modic type I and II changes (P>0.05). Binary regression analysis showed that Modic changes correlated most strongly with disc degeneration. Follow up studies indicated that the VAS and ODI scores were markedly improved postoperatively. However, no difference was noted in VAS and ODI scores among patients with different Modic types. Conclusion: Modic changes correlate with the Pfirrmann and modified Pfirrmann grades of disc degeneration in lumbar degenerative disease. There is no significant correlation between Modic types and surgical outcomes. © 2012 Yu et al. Source

Cang S.,Peoples Hospital | Cang S.,New York Medical College | Lu Q.,XiaMen Zhongshan Hospital | Ma Y.,New York Medical College | Liu D.,New York Medical College
Current Cancer Drug Targets

DNA methylation and histone acetylation are two most studied epigenetic markers. Aberrant methylation of gene promoter regions and histone tail lysine residue modification through acetylation and methylation play a key role in malignant disorders. Two DNA methyltransferase inhibitors, azacitidine and decitabine, have been licensed for clinical therapy for patients with myelodysplastic syndrome. New hypomethylating agents, zebularine and isothiocyanates, are in various stages of development for cancer therapy. In this review we summarize recent clinical developments on novel hypomethylating agents and new regimens from clinical trials for epigenetic therapy of cancer. © 2010 Bentham Science Publishers Ltd. Source

Zheng X.-X.,Peoples Hospital | Jiang Y.-R.,Peoples Hospital | Jiang Y.-R.,Peking University
Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology

Background: In Coats' disease, the most recent development in the treatment has been the intravitreal injection of anti-VEGF agents. The purpose of this article was to evaluate the effect of intravitreal bevacizumab as the initial treatment for Coats' disease in children and adults. Methods: The study included 14 pediatric patients and five adult patients with Coats' disease. They were treated with intravitreal bevacizumab (1.25 mg/0.05 ml) as the initial treatment, combined with or without other treatments. The analyses included the evaluation of basic clinical conditions. Results: In the pediatric group, after a mean of 9.1 months of follow-up, the differences in visual acuity were significant for the comparisons between the baseline examination and the follow-up examinations carried out at weeks 6, 12, and 24 after the baseline (P = 0.006, P = 0.004, P = 0.005 respectively). Vitreoretinal fibrosis was observed in three patients (n = 3, 21.4 %), among whom two showed fibrosis before treatment. All of the pediatric patients showed a resolution of fluid and exudation, and regression of the telangiectasia. In the adult group, after a mean of 10.6 months of follow-up, the differences in visual acuity were not statistically significant (P > 0.05) between the baseline and follow-up examinations. Vitreoretinal fibrosis (n = 2, 40 %) was observed in two patients who both showed fibrosis before treatment. All of the adult patients showed a resolution of fluid and exudation, and regression of the telangiectasia. The differences in the change of BCVA between children and adults were not significant (P > 0.05) during the follow-up examinations. Conclusion: The intravitreal injection of bevacizumab as the initial treatment is associated with a measurable gain in visual acuity in patients with Coats' disease. Resolution of the subretinal fluid and exudation, and regression of the telangiectasia were observed in both pediatric and adult patients. Vitreoretinal fibrosis may be one of the natural courses of Coats' disease, and it remains uncertain whether bevacizumab accelerates the fibrosis phenomenon. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

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