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Budapest, Hungary

Tobias B.,Semmelweis University | Halaszlaki C.,Semmelweis University | Balla B.,Semmelweis University | Kosa J.P.,Semmelweis University | And 17 more authors.
Pathology and Oncology Research

The incidence of thyroid cancers is increasing worldwide. Some somatic oncogene mutations (BRAF, NRAS, HRAS, KRAS) as well as gene translocations (RET/PTC, PAX8/PPAR-gamma) have been associated with the development of thyroid cancer. In our study, we analyzed these genetic alterations in 394 thyroid tissue samples (197 papillary carcinomas and 197 healthy). The somatic mutations and translocations were detected by Light Cycler melting method and Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction techniques, respectively. In tumorous samples, 86 BRAF (44.2 %), 5 NRAS (3.1 %), 2 HRAS (1.0 %) and 1 KRAS (0.5 %) mutations were found, as well as 9 RET/PTC1 (4.6 %) and 1 RET/PTC3 (0.5 %) translocations. No genetic alteration was seen in the non tumorous control thyroid tissues. No correlation was detected between the genetic variants and the pathological subtypes of papillary cancer as well as the severity of the disease. Our results are only partly concordant with the data found in the literature. © 2015, Arányi Lajos Foundation. Source

Arvai K.,Semmelweis University | Arvai K.,PentaCore Laboratory | Horvath P.,Semmelweis University | Balla B.,PentaCore Laboratory | And 7 more authors.
Familial Cancer

BRCA1 and BRCA2 are two well-known genes in the background of hereditary breast and ovarian cancer. There is also evidence that several other genes play an important role in the pathogenesis of these two malignancies. Latest population-scaled studies showed that certain mutations in different genes could cause similar risk elevation like BRCA2 mutations. In this study we present a new method to analyse the risk assessment of women to breast and ovarian cancer. Using Haloplex, a novel sequence capture method combined with next-generation sequencing we were able to perform rapid and cost-effective screening of 16 genes that could be associated with an increased risk of breast and ovarian cancer. The rapid and cost effective analysis of this 16-gene cohort can reveal the genetic background of approximately 30 % of hereditary and familiar cases of breast and ovarian cancers. Thus, it opens up a new and high-throughput approach with fast turnaround time to the genetic diagnostics of these disorders and may be helpful to investigate other familial genetic disorders as well. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. Source

Nemeth D.,Semmelweis University | Arvai K.,PentaCore Laboratory | Horvath P.,Semmelweis University | Kosa J.P.,Semmelweis University | And 7 more authors.
Gastroenterology Research and Practice

Objective. Wilson's disease is a disorder of copper metabolism which is fatal without treatment. The great number of disease-causing ATP7B gene mutations and the variable clinical presentation of WD may cause a real diagnostic challenge. The emergence of next-generation sequencing provides a time-saving, cost-effective method for full sequencing of the whole ATP7B gene compared to the traditional Sanger sequencing. This is the first report on the clinical use of NGS to examine ATP7B gene. Materials and Methods. We used Ion Torrent Personal Genome Machine in four heterozygous patients for the identification of the other mutations and also in two patients with no known mutation. One patient with acute on chronic liver failure was a candidate for acute liver transplantation. The results were validated by Sanger sequencing. Results. In each case, the diagnosis of Wilson's disease was confirmed by identifying the mutations in both alleles within 48 hours. One novel mutation (p.Ala1270Ile) was found beyond the eight other known ones. The rapid detection of the mutations made possible the prompt diagnosis of WD in a patient with acute liver failure. Conclusions. According to our results we found next-generation sequencing a very useful, reliable, time-saving, and cost-effective method for diagnosing Wilson's disease in selected cases. © 2016 Dániel Németh et al. Source

Balla B.,Semmelweis University | Balla B.,PentaCore Laboratory | Arvai K.,PentaCore Laboratory | Horvath P.,Semmelweis University | And 9 more authors.
Journal of Molecular Neuroscience

Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) gene exhibits one of the highest spontaneous mutation rates in the human genome. Identification of the NF1 mutation is challenging because the NF1 gene is very large and complex, lacking mutational "hot spots." There is no clustering of mutations, there are several pseudogenes, and a wide spectrum of different types of mutation has been recognized. To date, NF1 mutations or deleted regions have been detected with a number of techniques. With the appearance of next-generation sequencing (NGS) machines, molecular biology is in a new revolutionary phase. Our aim was to work out a method to use the high-throughput NGS machine, Ion Torrent PGM, in diagnostic settings for neurofibromatosis type 1. In our examination, we could reveal 21 distinct variations in NF1 gene in seven patients. This is an absolutely new method for exploring the genetic background of neurofibromatosis type 1 exhibiting the extremely high throughput of NGS in a diagnostic setting. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media. Source

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