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Beijing, China

Peking Union Medical College is among the most selective medical colleges in the People's Republic of China, located in Beijing. It is a relatively independent institution affiliated with Tsinghua University which is one of the top two universities in China. Peking Union Medical College graduates receive Peking Union Medical College diploma signed by both the Peking Union Medical College and Tsinghua presidents. The Hospital and College is located at No.9 Dongdan 3rd Alley, Dongcheng, Beijing, next to the Wangfujing shopping area. Wikipedia.

Wang H.,Peking Union Medical College
Current cancer drug targets | Year: 2010

The causal relationship between inflammation and cancer has been documented for sometime, but its molecular nature remains ill defined. Increasing evidence suggested that inflammatory microenvironment in and around tumors is an indispensable participant in the neoplastic process. High level of free radicals produced during inflammation significantly induces DNA damage while evading apoptosis, a hallmark of cancer, reduces the capability of tissues to eliminate damaged cells. Therefore, the mechanism by which inflammation affects the apoptosis pathway is crucial to understand inflammation-associated carcinogenesis. Nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), a transcriptional factor, plays an important role in the regulation of inflammatory responses. NF-κB signaling, which can be activated by diverse stimuli including proinflammatory cytokines, infectious agents and cellular stresses, has been shown to involve in carcinogenesis and resistance to multiple drug therapy. In this review, we focus on the role of NF-κB signaling on the apoptotic effect in inflammation-associated carcinogenesis. These insights may help us to consider the role of NF-κB in inflammation and cancer and further on as a target of drugs for the prevention and treatment of these diseases.

BACKGROUND: Oesophageal cancer is one of the most deadly forms of cancer worldwide. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are often found to have important regulatory roles.OBJECTIVE: To assess the lncRNA expression profile of oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and identify prognosis-related lncRNAs.METHOD: LncRNA expression profiles were studied by microarray in paired tumour and normal tissues from 119 patients with OSCC and validated by qRT-PCR. The 119 patients were divided randomly into training (n=60) and test (n=59) groups. A prognostic signature was developed from the training group using a random Forest supervised classification algorithm and a nearest shrunken centroid algorithm, then validated in a test group and further, in an independent cohort (n=60). The independence of the signature in survival prediction was evaluated by multivariable Cox regression analysis.RESULTS: LncRNAs showed significantly altered expression in OSCC tissues. From the training group, we identified a three-lncRNA signature (including the lncRNAs ENST00000435885.1, XLOC_013014 and ENST00000547963.1) which classified the patients into two groups with significantly different overall survival (median survival 19.2 months vs >60 months, p<0.0001). The signature was applied to the test group (median survival 21.5 months vs >60 months, p=0.0030) and independent cohort (median survival 25.8 months vs >48 months, p=0.0187) and showed similar prognostic values in both. Multivariable Cox regression analysis showed that the signature was an independent prognostic factor for patients with OSCC. Stratified analysis suggested that the signature was prognostic within clinical stages.CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the three-lncRNA signature is a new biomarker for the prognosis of patients with OSCC, enabling more accurate prediction of survival. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

Genome-wide association studies have identified several loci associated with pancreatic cancer risk; however, the mechanisms by which genetic factors influence the development of sporadic pancreatic cancer remain largely unknown. Here, by using genome-wide association analysis and functional characterization, we identify a long intergenic noncoding RNA (lincRNA), LINC00673, as a potential tumor suppressor whose germline variation is associated with pancreatic cancer risk. LINC00673 is able to reinforce the interaction of PTPN11 with PRPF19, an E3 ubiquitin ligase, and promote PTPN11 degradation through ubiquitination, which causes diminished SRC–ERK oncogenic signaling and enhanced activation of the STAT1-dependent antitumor response. A G>A change at rs11655237 in exon 4 of LINC00673 creates a target site for miR-1231 binding, which diminishes the effect of LINC00673 in an allele-specific manner and thus confers susceptibility to tumorigenesis. These findings shed new light on the important role of LINC00673 in maintaining cell homeostasis and how its germline variation might confer susceptibility to pancreatic cancer. © 2016 Nature Publishing Group, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited. All Rights Reserved.

Retrospective review. To evaluate the efficacy of multimodal intraoperative neuromonitoring for predicting iatrogenic neurological injury during surgical correction of a spine deformity and evaluate the potential risk factors for neurological monitoring changes. Single modal intraoperative neuromonitoring is insufficient to predict neurological injury during surgical correction of spine deformity. Multimodal monitoring can provide more accuracy. Some risk factors were reported to be correlated with high rates of neurological deficits during scoliosis correction. But few studies have reported on the risk factors for neurological monitoring changes (NMCs). The records of 176 consecutive patients who underwent surgery for the treatment of spinal deformities were reviewed. The patients were monitored using transcranial electric motor-evoked potential (MEP) and/or somatosensory-evoked potential (SEP). Alterations with the MEP wave amplitude decreasing more than 75% and SEP amplitude decreasing more than 50%, as compared with the baseline, were diagnosed as positive changes. Risk factors related to NMCs were evaluated, in light of preoperative neurological deficits, comorbidity of spinal cord deformity, procedure of osteotomy, main curve Cobb angle, and a diagnosis of kyphosis. Combined MEP/SEP monitoring was successfully achieved in 175 of 176 cases. Eleven cases were presented with true NMCs according to MEPs. One patient had an irreversible neurological deficit and 4 patients had transient neurological deficits after waking up from the operation. SEP lagged MEP for an average of 15 minutes when both were presented with positive changes. The sensitivity and specificity of MEP were 91.7% and 98.8%, respectively. Solo SEP were 50% and 95.2%. Combined MEP and SEP were 92.9% and 99.4%. The procedure of osteotomy, curve Cobb angle more than 90 degrees, and preoperative kyphosis were correlated with a higher incidence of NMCs. Multimodal intraoperative monitoring provides higher sensitivity for monitoring during spine deformity surgery and can predict events of neurological injury. The detection of NMCs and adjustment of surgical strategy may prevent irreversible neurological deficits. The possible risk factors for NMCs during spine deformity surgery include an osteotomy procedure, kyphosis correction, and preoperative Cobb angle more than 90 degrees.

Tan X.S.,Peking Union Medical College
PloS one | Year: 2013

Berberine (BBR) has been confirmed to have multiple bioactivities in clinic, such as cholesterol-lowering, anti-diabetes, cardiovascular protection and anti- inflammation. However, BBR's plasma level is very low; it cannot explain its pharmacological effects in patients. We consider that the in vivo distribution of BBR as well as of its bioactive metabolites might provide part of the explanation for this question. In this study, liquid chromatography coupled to ion trap time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC/MS(n)-IT-TOF) as well as liquid chromatography that coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was used for the study of tissue distribution and pharmacokinetics of BBR in rats after oral administration (200 mg/kg). The results indicated that BBR was quickly distributed in the liver, kidneys, muscle, lungs, brain, heart, pancreas and fat in a descending order of its amount. The pharmacokinetic profile indicated that BBR's level in most of studied tissues was higher (or much higher) than that in plasma 4 h after administration. BBR remained relatively stable in the tissues like liver, heart, brain, muscle, pancreas etc. Organ distribution of BBR's metabolites was also investigated paralleled with that of BBR. Thalifendine (M1), berberrubine (M2) and jatrorrhizine (M4), which the metabolites with moderate bioactivity, were easily detected in organs like the liver and kidney. For instance, M1, M2 and M4 were the major metabolites in the liver, among which the percentage of M2 was up to 65.1%; the level of AUC (0-t) (area under the concentration-time curve) for BBR or the metabolites in the liver was 10-fold or 30-fold higher than that in plasma, respectively. In summary, the organ concentration of BBR (as well as its bioactive metabolites) was higher than its concentration in the blood after oral administration. It might explain BBR's pharmacological effects on human diseases in clinic.

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