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Yan Z.,Nanjing Medical University | Yang J.,Nanjing Medical University | Hu R.,Nanjing Medical University | Hu X.,Nanjing Medical University | Chen K.,Institute for Pediatric Research
Mediators of Inflammation | Year: 2016

Acinetobacter baumannii is a significant cause of severe hospital-acquired infections with a recent rise in multidrug-resistant infections involving traumatic wounds of military personnel. The interleukin-17 (IL-17) pathway is essential for neutrophil recruitment in response to a variety of pathogens, while the control of A. baumannii infection is known to be dependent on neutrophils. This suggests that IL-17 may play an important role in A. baumannii infection; however, this has yet to be studied. Here, we summarize the recent advances in understanding the host-pathogen interaction of A. baumannii and propose a potential role of the IL-17 pathway in generating a protective immune response. © 2016 Zihe Yan et al.

Yao R.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Wang L.,Institute for Pediatric Research | Yu Y.,Institute for Pediatric Research | Wang J.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Dermatology | Year: 2016

Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) is a common autosomal dominant condition caused by mutations in the NF1 gene. The appearance of multiple café-au-lait macules is an early sign of the condition, which often alert physicians to follow up and further examine the patient for the possibility of NF1. In order to determine the predictive value of multiple café-au-lait macules at early age for NF1 in Chinese patients, we recruited 19 children who shared the common sign of multiple café-au-lait macules from a general pediatric clinic in Shanghai. All the patients were clinically evaluated following the National Institutes of Health criteria for NF1 and molecular tested for sequence variants and copy number changes. Nine children met the clinical diagnostic criteria of NF1, and molecular tests confirmed all nine patients with pathogenic variants including two genomic deletions, two novel frame-shift variants, four novel nonsense and a splicing variants. In addition, four children who did not meet the diagnostic criteria were also found to carry pathogenic NF1 variants. Overall, 68.4% (13/19) of children with café-au-lait macules and various other clinical presentations were molecularly confirmed with NF1. This study demonstrated that the majority of Chinese children with multiple café-au-lait macules who came to seek for medical attention had NF1. Molecular testing is necessary to be used as an adjunct and sometimes as the main tool for confirming and diagnosing children of NF1 at early age. © 2015 Japanese Dermatological Association.

Cui D.,Institute for Pediatric Research
Zhonghua er ke za zhi. Chinese journal of pediatrics | Year: 2010

CblC is the most common type of methylmalonic acidemia with homocysteinemia. MMACHC is the coding gene. This study aimed at understanding clinical features and gene mutations in 2 Chinese pedigrees who had late-onset methylmalonic acidemia complicated with homocysteinemia. The clinical data of 2 cases were analyzed. The MMACHC gene mutation was detected using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and DNA sequencing. The age of onset was 13 years and 12 years, respectively. They both presented with nervous system symptoms. The main clinical features were developmental retardation and degradation, including motion, speech and intelligence. One patient complained of anemia. The other patient was misdiagnosed as having a viral encephalitis. Both patients showed remarkable elevation of methylmalonic acid and homocysteine levels in urine. Both had received therapy with vitamin B(12). The symptoms were rapidly relieved. The follow-up till now showed apparent improvement in the 2 cases. Three mutations in the MMACHC gene were found in the two Chinese pedigrees. Both patients were compound heterozygotes of two mutant alleles: one patient had a G-to-A transition at nucleotide 482 (G482A) that caused an arginine-to-glutamine substitution at position 161 of the protein (R161Q), and a deletion of AAG at nucleotide 658_660 (658_660delAAG) which resulted in lysine deleting at position 220 of the protein (K220del); the other patient had a G482A and a G-to-A transition at nucleotide 609 (G609A) that caused a tryptophan-to-termination codon substitution at position 203 of the protein (W203X). Otherwise, the authors also detected parents of two families. Each had a heterozygote of one mutation. Late-onset methylmalonic acidemia patients had a variety of clinical manifestation, the first symptom was mainly abnormality of nervous system. One case was accompanied with hematological abnormalities. Two patients were vitamin B(12) responsive. In this study, the mutations were all detected on the fourth exon, the G482A mutation was probably associated with late-onset cases.

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