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Gorde-Grosjean S.,Reims University Hospital Center | Oberlin O.,Institute Gustave Roussy | Leblanc T.,Pediatric Hematology | Pacquement H.,University Pierre and Marie Curie | And 17 more authors.
British Journal of Haematology

There is little data available regarding children and adolescents with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) who relapse after combined-modality treatment, even though they have a substantial chance of cure. The purpose of this national retrospective study was to evaluate the outcome of patients with recurrent/refractory HL and determine adverse prognostic factors. From 1990 to 2006, 70 patients (median age 13·9 years) with refractory (n = 31) or first relapse (n = 39) HL were identified. Median time from end of treatment to relapse was 6 months (3-56). Relapses occurred in irradiated areas in 43/70 patients. Salvage therapy consisted of chemotherapy and 50 patients received high-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell transplantation. Radiotherapy was performed in 29 cases, tandem autologous transplantation in five and allograft in three. With a median follow-up of 40 months (2-140), significant prognostic factors were time to progression/relapse and response to therapy before autograft. Event-free survival and overall survival in patients with refractory disease, early relapse and late relapse were 35 ± 9%, 67 ± 11%, 76 ± 10% and 48 ± 11%, 89 ± 7% and 80 ± 10%, respectively. As progression <3 months was a major adverse prognostic factor, novel therapeutic approaches are needed for this group of patients. By contrast, patients have substantial chance of long term second remission in case of relapse >3 months. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Source

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