Time filter

Source Type

Negri G.,University of Milan | Milani D.,Pediatric Highly Intensive Care Unit | Colapietro P.,University of Milan | Forzano F.,Medical Genetics | And 13 more authors.
Clinical Genetics | Year: 2015

Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RSTS) is a rare congenital neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by postnatal growth deficiency, skeletal abnormalities, dysmorphic features and cognitive deficit. Mutations in two genes, CREBBP and EP300, encoding two homologous transcriptional co-activators, have been identified in ~55% and ~3-5% of affected individuals, respectively. To date, only eight EP300-mutated RSTS patients have been described and 12 additional mutations are reported in the database LOVD. In this study, EP300 analysis was performed on 33 CREBBP-negative RSTS patients leading to the identification of six unreported germline EP300 alterations comprising one deletion and five point mutations. All six patients showed a convincing, albeit mild, RSTS phenotype with minor skeletal anomalies, slight cognitive impairment and few major malformations. Beyond the expansion of the RSTS-EP300-mutated cohort, this study indicates that EP300-related RSTS cases occur more frequently than previously thought (~8% vs 3-5%); furthermore, the characterization of novel EP300 mutations in RSTS patients will enhance the clinical practice and genotype-phenotype correlations. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

Dilena R.,Clinical Neurophysiology Unit | Strazzer S.,Scientific Institute E Medea | Esposito S.,Pediatric Highly Intensive Care Unit | Paglialonga F.,Pediatric Nephrology and Dialysis Unit | And 3 more authors.
Muscle and Nerve | Year: 2016

Introduction: Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) may rarely manifest as a peripheral locked-in syndrome. Methods: Clinical and instrumental features of a fulminant form of infantile GBS were assessed. Results: After 2 days of rhinitis, a 6-month-old infant was intubated in the emergency room for sudden-onset respiratory failure. Neurological examination showed generalized areflexic flaccid paralysis with no detectable interaction, which resembled a coma. Brain MRI was normal. Lumbar puncture showed pleocytosis (43 cells/mm3) and herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV1) PCR positivity. EEG showed normal sleep-wake cycles, and EMG demonstrated nerve inexcitability. Acyclovir and immunoglobulins provided no benefit. After 1 week, lumbar puncture showed albuminocytological dissociation (protein 217mg/dl). Plasmapheresis was then started, and progressive improvement occurred. At age 1 year, the child had recovered well with residual distal lower limb hyporeflexic weakness. Conclusions: A fulminant infantile GBS variant presenting as peripheral locked-in syndrome can be associated with HSV1 infection likely due to autoimmune cross-reactivity. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Stringari G.,Charite - Medical University of Berlin | Stringari G.,University of Parma | Tripodi S.,Pediatric Allergology Unit | Caffarelli C.,University of Parma | And 32 more authors.
Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology | Year: 2014

Background Sensitization to profilins and other cross-reacting molecules might hinder proper specific immunotherapy (SIT) prescription in polysensitized patients with pollen-related allergic rhinitis (AR). In these patients, component-resolved diagnosis (CRD) might modify SIT prescription by improving the identification of the disease-eliciting pollen sources. Objectives We sought to measure the effect of CRD on SIT prescription in children with pollen-related AR. Methods Children (n = 651) with moderate-to-severe pollen-related AR were recruited between May 2009 and June 2011 in 16 Italian outpatient clinics. Skin prick test (SPT) reactivity to grass, cypress, olive, mugwort, pellitory, and/or Betulaceae pollen was considered clinically relevant if symptoms occurred during the corresponding peak pollen season. IgE sensitization to Phl p 1, Phl p 5, Bet v 1, Cup a 1, Art v 1, Ole e 1, Par j 2, and Phl p 12 (profilin) was measured by using ImmunoCAP. SIT prescription was modeled on SPT responses first and then remodeled considering also CRD according to GA2LEN-European Academy of Allergology and Clinical Immunology guidelines and the opinions of 14 pediatric allergists. Results No IgE to the respective major allergens was detected in significant proportions of patients with supposed clinically relevant sensitization to mugwort (45/65 [69%]), Betulaceae (146/252 [60%]), pellitory (78/257 [30%]), olive (111/390 [28%]), cypress (28/184 [15%]), and grass (56/568 [10%]). IgE to profilins, polcalcins, or both could justify 173 (37%) of 464 of these SPT reactions. After CRD, the SPT-based decision on SIT prescription or composition was changed in 277 (42%) of 651 or 315 (48%) of 651 children according to the European or American approach, respectively, and in 305 (47%) of 651 children according to the opinion of the 14 local pediatric allergists. Conclusions In children with pollen-related AR, applying CRD leads to changes in a large proportion of SIT prescriptions as opposed to relying on clinical history and SPT alone. The hypothesis that CRD-guided prescription improves SIT efficacy deserves to be tested. © 2014 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology.

Tadini G.,Pediatric Dermatology Unit | Tadini G.,Pediatric Highly Intensive Care Unit | Pezzani L.,Pediatric Highly Intensive Care Unit | Ghirardello S.,University of Milan | And 3 more authors.
BMJ Case Reports | Year: 2015

Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is comprised of a group of hereditary mechanobullous disorders that are characterised by extremely fragile skin and mucous membranes. This results in blister formation and nonhealing wounds. This case report describes the results of an innovative treatment of two large skin lesions in a newborn with dystrophic recessive EB (DEB) who experienced bacterial superinfections and progressive anaemisation. The lesions were treated with platelet gels derived from allogeneic cord blood (cord blood platelet gel, CBPGs). The skin lesions were clinically evaluated and treated with CBPG weekly until they completely healed. The first and second lesion required CBPG applications for 2 and 4 weeks, respectively. Both lesions were monitored weekly for 6 weeks after the last CBPG application, and no significant relapses were observed during the follow-up period. This case indicates that CBPG is an effective and safe therapeutic option for managing newborns with DEB, particularly as treatment and prevention of fluid loss and superinfection. © 2015 BMJ Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

Spena S.,University of Milan | Milani D.,Pediatric Highly Intensive Care Unit | Rusconi D.,University of Milan | Negri G.,University of Milan | And 12 more authors.
Clinical Genetics | Year: 2015

The genetic basis of Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RSTS), a rare, sporadic, clinically heterogeneous disorder characterized by cognitive impairment and a wide spectrum of multiple congenital anomalies, is primarily due to private mutations in CREBBP (approximately 55% of cases) or EP300 (approximately 8% of cases). Herein, we report the clinical and the genetic data taken from a cohort of 46 RSTS patients, all carriers of CREBBP point mutations. Molecular analysis revealed 45 different gene alterations including 31 inactivating (21 frameshift and 10 nonsense), 10 missense and 4 splicing mutations. Bioinformatic tools and transcript analyses were used to predict the functional effects of missense and splicing alterations. Of the 45 mutations, 42 are unreported and 3 were described previously. Recurrent mutations maybe a key tool in addressing genotype-phenotype correlations in patients sharing the same defects (at the genomic or transcript level) and specific clinical signs, demonstrated here in two cases. The clinical data of our cohort evidenced frequent signs such as arched eyebrows, epicanthus, synophrys and/or frontal hypertrichosis and broad phalanges that, previously overlooked in RSTS diagnosis, now could be considered. Some suggested correlations between organ-specific anomalies and affected CREB-binding protein domains broaden the RSTS clinical spectrum and perhaps will enhance patient follow-up and clinical care. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Discover hidden collaborations