Traumatic tooth injuries and associated factors in adolescents aged 15 to 19 years in Recife, PE, Brazil - A preliminary study [Traumatismo dentário em adolescentes entre 15 e 19 anos na cidade do Recife - PE e fatores associados - Estudo preliminar]
Heimer M.,Camaragibe PE |
Vieira S.,Camaragibe PE |
Colares V.,Camaragibe PE
Pesquisa Brasileira em Odontopediatria e Clinica Integrada | Year: 2013
Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of traumatic tooth injuries and associated factors in Adolescents aged 15 to 19 years in the city of Recife, PE, Brazil. Method: The sample consisted of 148 adolescents of both genders. Data were collected by clinical examinations and interviews conducted between classes. Pearson's chi-square and Fisher's exact tests were used to assess the association among the variables. The significance level was set at 5%. The prevalence was approximately 15%. Results: The most affected teeth were the maxillary central incisors. Most adolescents had a single hit tooth trauma. The main causes of dental trauma were playing with someone (45.5%) and falls (18.2%). There was no association between dental trauma and severe overjet and/or inadequate lip coverage. There was no statistically significant difference (p>0.05) between the prevalence of trauma and gender of the adolescents. The type of school was not associated with the presence of traumatic tooth injuries. Conclusion: The prevalence of dental trauma in adolescents aged 15 to 19 years in Recife was relatively high, but no association was found between overjet and lip coverage.