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Ludhiāna, India

Gulati M.,Lovely Professional University | Chopra D.S.,Punjabi University | Singh S.K.,Lovely Professional University | Saluja V.,PCTE Group of Institutes | And 2 more authors.
Recent Patents on CNS Drug Discovery | Year: 2013

The blood-brain barrier (BBB) presents a combination of physical and electrostatic barriers. It is a highly complex structure that tightly regulates the movement of molecules from the blood to brain, protecting it from injuries and diseases. However, the BBB also significantly precludes the delivery of drugs to the brain, thus, preventing the therapy of a number of neurological disorders like brain cancer, epilepsy, Alzheimer's disease, schizophrenia etc. Numerous drug delivery strategies have been developed to circumvent this barrier. Out of those, one popular approach is the use of nanoparticles. Nanoparticles form solid, colloidal drug delivery system that consists of macromolecular materials in which the active principle is dissolved, entrapped or encapsulated or onto which the active principle is adsorbed or attached. Brain targeted polymeric nanoparticles have been found to increase the therapeutic efficacy and reduce the toxicity for a large number of drugs. By coating the nanoparticles with surfactants, higher concentrations of the drugs can be delivered. The article presents various approaches used in design and delivery of nanoparticles to brain. It also reviews various patents that describe the use of nanoparticles to deliver various neurotherapeutics to brain. © 2013 Bentham Science Publishers.

Kumar R.B.S.,Jadavpur University | Kar B.,Jadavpur University | Dolai N.,Jadavpur University | Karmakar I.,Jadavpur University | And 2 more authors.
Interdisciplinary Toxicology | Year: 2015

Streblus asper Lour (Moraceae), commonly known as Siamee Rough Brush in English is widely distributed in subtropical Asia and traditionally used for several medicinal purposes. In the present study, the ethyl acetate fraction of the methanol extract from Streblus asper bark (EASA) was evaluated for antitumor effect against Dalton's ascitic lymphoma (DAL) in Swiss albino mice. Twenty-four hours after intraperitoneal inoculation of DAL cells in mice, EASA was administered intraperitoneally at 200 and 400 mg/kg body weight for 9 consecutive days. On the 10th day, half of the mice were sacrificed to determine the tumor growth parameters, and the rest were kept alive for survival assessment. Hematological, serum biochemical and tissue (liver, kidney) antioxidant profiles were also determined. EASA exhibited significant and dose dependent decrease in tumor growth parameters and increased survival of DAL bearing animals. EASA significantly and dose-dependently normalized the altered hematological, serum biochemical and tissue antioxidant parameters as compared with the DAL control mice. From the present study it may be concluded that S. asper bark possesses remarkable antitumor efficacy mediated by amelioration of oxidative stress by multiple mechanisms. © 2015 Interdisciplinary Toxicology.

Saluja V.,PCTE Group of Institutes | Sekhon B.S.,PCTE Group of Institutes
Journal of Excipients and Food Chemicals | Year: 2014

Pharmaceutical excipients are vital components of drug formulations and are generally considered pharmacologically inert. Control of excipient manufacturing and distribution is now considered a key priority by regulatory authorities and pharmaceutical manufacturers, because adulteration of pharmaceutical excipients has resulted in adverse effects in patients. Furthermore, with the emergence of novel excipients and delivery systems, better quality and supply control of pharmaceutical excipients becomes increasingly important in the context of in vivo performance. Recognizing the critical role that excipients play in pharmaceutical dosage forms necessitates that excipient suppliers meet the quality requirements of the pharmaceutical industry and the pharmaceutical industry as a whole must work to assume integrity of the supply chain. © IPEC-Americas Inc.

Grover M.,PCTE Group of Institutes | Utreja P.,PCTE Group of Institutes
Current Drug Delivery | Year: 2014

Almost 200 million people worldwide are found to be affected by Diabetes mellitus (DM). DM is a metabolic disorder which occurs due to reduced insulin action and/or insulin secretion in the body. Reduced or inactive insulin results in imbalanced food metabolism. With the progression of disease, pathological changes like nephropathy, retinopathy and cardiovascular complications start occurring in the body. DM is mainly categorized into 2 types: type 1 DM and type 2 DM. Type 1 is generally treated through insulin replacement therapy. Type 2 DM is treated with oral hypoglycemics. Oral hypoglycemics are classified into 5 types: sulfonylureas, biguanides, α-glucosidase inhibitors, meglitinide analogues and thiazolidinediones. Conventional dosage forms of most of these drugs bear some drawbacks such as frequent dosing, short half live, and low bioavailability. Therefore, to alleviate the drawbacks associated with conventional dosage forms, efforts have been made in the area of novel and controlled drug delivery system for oral hypoglycemics. Present review highlights various novel and controlled drug delivery systems that have been investigated by different researchers for achieving sustained and controlled drug delivery of oral hypoglycemics and for overcoming the limitations related with the conventional dosage forms of oral hypoglycemics. © 2014 Bentham Science Publishers.

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