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Novosibirsk, Russia

Popik O.V.,RAS Institute of Cytology and Genetics | Petrovskiy E.D.,RAS Institute of Cytology and Genetics | Petrovskiy E.D.,Russian Academy of Sciences | Mishchenko E.L.,RAS Institute of Cytology and Genetics | And 4 more authors.
Virus Research

Modelling of gene networks is widely used in systems biology to study the functioning of complex biological systems. Most of the existing mathematical modelling techniques are useful for analysis of well-studied biological processes, for which information on rates of reactions is available. However, complex biological processes such as those determining the phenotypic traits of organisms or pathological disease processes, including pathogen-host interactions, involve complicated cross-talk between interacting networks. Furthermore, the intrinsic details of the interactions between these networks are often missing. In this study, we developed an approach, which we call mosaic network modelling, that allows the combination of independent mathematical models of gene regulatory networks and, thereby, description of complex biological systems. The advantage of this approach is that it allows us to generate the integrated model despite the fact that information on molecular interactions between parts of the model (so-called mosaic fragments) might be missing. To generate a mosaic mathematical model, we used control theory and mathematical models, written in the form of a system of ordinary differential equations (ODEs). In the present study, we investigated the efficiency of this method in modelling the dynamics of more than 10,000 simulated mosaic regulatory networks consisting of two pieces. Analysis revealed that this approach was highly efficient, as the mean deviation of the dynamics of mosaic network elements from the behaviour of the initial parts of the model was less than 10%. It turned out that for construction of the control functional, data on perturbation of one or two vertices of the mosaic piece are sufficient. Further, we used the developed method to construct a mosaic gene regulatory network including hepatitis C virus (HCV) as the first piece and the tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-induced apoptosis and NF-κB induction pathways as the second piece. Thus, the mosaic model integrates the model of HCV subgenomic replicon replication with the model of TNF-induced apoptosis and NF-κB induction. Analysis of the mosaic model revealed that the regulation of TNF-induced signaling by the HCV network is crucially dependent on the RIP1, TRADD, TRAF2, FADD, IKK, IκBα, c-FLIP, and BAR genes. Overall, the developed mosaic gene network modelling approach demonstrated good predictive power and allowed the prediction of new regulatory nodes in HCV action on apoptosis and the NF-κB pathway. Those theoretical predictions could be a basis for further experimental verification. © 2015 The Authors. Source

Popik O.V.,RAS Institute of Cytology and Genetics | Ivanisenko T.V.,RAS Institute of Cytology and Genetics | Ivanisenko T.V.,PB soft LLC | Ivanisenko T.V.,Novosibirsk State University | And 8 more authors.
Virus Research

Molecular genetic processes generally involve proteins from distinct intracellular localisations. Reactions that follow the same process are distributed among various compartments within the cell. In this regard, the reaction rate and the efficiency of biological processes can depend on the subcellular localisation of proteins. Previously, the authors proposed a method of evaluating the efficiency of biological processes based on the analysis of the distribution of protein subcellular localisation (Popik et al., 2014). Here, NACE is presented, which is an open access web-oriented program that implements this method and allows the user to evaluate the intercompartmental efficiency of human molecular genetic networks. The method has been extended by a new feature that provides the evaluation of the tissue-specific efficiency of networks for more than 2800 anatomical structures. Such assessments are important in cases when molecular genetic pathways in different tissues proceed with the participation of various proteins with a number of intracellular localisations. For example, an analysis of KEGG pathways, conducted using the developed program, showed that the efficiencies of many KEGG pathways are tissue-specific. Analysis of efficiencies of regulatory pathways in the liver, linking proteins of the hepatitis C virus with human proteins involved in the KEGG apoptosis pathway, showed that intercompartmental efficiency might play an important role in host-pathogen interactions. Thus, the developed tool can be useful in the study of the effectiveness of functioning of various molecular genetic networks, including metabolic, regulatory, host-pathogen interactions and others taking into account tissue-specific gene expression. The tool is available via the following link: http://www-bionet.sscc.ru/nace/. © 2016 Elsevier B.V. Source

Saik O.V.,RAS Institute of Cytology and Genetics | Saik O.V.,PB soft LLC | Ivanisenko T.V.,RAS Institute of Cytology and Genetics | Ivanisenko T.V.,PB soft LLC | And 5 more authors.
Virus Research

A study of the molecular genetics mechanisms of host-pathogen interactions is of paramount importance in developing drugs against viral diseases. Currently, the literature contains a huge amount of information that describes interactions between HCV and human proteins. In addition, there are many factual databases that contain experimentally verified data on HCV-host interactions. The sources of such data are the original data along with the data manually extracted from the literature. However, the manual analysis of scientific publications is time consuming and, because of this, databases created with such an approach often do not have complete information. One of the most promising methods to provide actualisation and completeness of information is text mining. Here, with the use of a previously developed method by the authors using ANDSystem, an automated extraction of information on the interactions between HCV and human proteins was conducted. As a data source for the text mining approach, PubMed abstracts and full text articles were used. Additionally, external factual databases were analyzed. On the basis of this analysis, a special version of ANDSystem, extended with the HCV interactome, was created. The HCV interactome contains information about the interactions between 969 human and 11 HCV proteins. Among the 969 proteins, 153 'new' proteins were found not previously referred to in any external databases of protein-protein interactions for HCV-host interactions. Thus, the extended ANDSystem possesses a more comprehensive detailing of HCV-host interactions versus other existing databases. It was interesting that HCV proteins more preferably interact with human proteins that were already involved in a large number of protein-protein interactions as well as those associated with many diseases. Among human proteins of the HCV interactome, there were a large number of proteins regulated by microRNAs. It turned out that the results obtained for protein-protein interactions and microRNA-regulation did not depend on how well the proteins were studied, while protein-disease interactions appeared to be dependent on the level of study. In particular, the mean number of diseases linked to well-studied proteins (proteins were considered well-studied if they were mentioned in 50 or more PubMed publications) from the HCV interactome was 20.8, significantly exceeding the mean number of associations with diseases (10.1) for the total set of well-studied human proteins present in ANDSystem. For proteins not highly poorly-studied investigated, proteins from the HCV interactome (each protein was referred to in less than 50 publications) distribution of the number of diseases associated with them had no statistically significant differences from the distribution of the number of diseases associated with poorly-studied proteins based on the total set of human proteins stored in ANDSystem. With this, the average number of associations with diseases for the HCV interactome and the total set of human proteins were 0.3 and 0.2, respectively. Thus, ANDSystem, extended with the HCV interactome, can be helpful in a wide range of issues related to analyzing HCV-host interactions in the search for anti-HCV drug targets. The demo version of the extended ANDSystem covered here containing only interactions between human proteins, genes, metabolites, diseases, miRNAs and molecular-genetic pathways, as well as interactions between human proteins/genes and HCV proteins, is freely available at the following web address: http://www-bionet.sscc.ru/psd/andhcv/. © 2015 The Authors. Source

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