Pavol Jozef Safarik University and University Hospital

Košice, Slovakia

Pavol Jozef Safarik University and University Hospital

Košice, Slovakia

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Fedotova J.,RAS Pavlov Institute of Physiology | Akulova V.,RAS Pavlov Institute of Physiology | Pivina S.,RAS Pavlov Institute of Physiology | Dragasek J.,Pavol Jozef Safarik University and University Hospital | And 3 more authors.
American Journal of Translational Research | Year: 2017

Gonadal hormones have been well-known to affect brain regions known to be involved in the modulation of mood and affective-related behavior. Prenatal stress might alter hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, it could be a target for development of affective-related disorders in male offspring. The present study was designed to examine an anxiety-like behavior in the adult male offspring with low levels of endogenous androgens delivered from pregnant dams exposed to prenatal stress from gestation day 15 to gestation day 19. The non-stressed and prenatally stressed intact, gonadectomized (GDX) and GDX male offspring treated with oil solvent or testosterone propionate (TP, 0.5 mg/kg, s.c., 14 days, once daily) were used in all experiments. Anxiety-like behavior was assessed in the elevated plus maze (EPM) and the open field test (OFT), respectively. Also, testosterone levels in the blood serum were measured in all experimental groups of offspring. Prenatally stressed GDX offspring demonstrated a significant decrease for time spent into the open arms and increase for time spent into the closed arms as compared to the non-stressed offspring. Administration of TP to the prenatally stressed GDX offspring resulted in a more markedly decrease of the time spent into the open arms and significantly raised the time spent into the closed arms as compared to the non-stressed GDX offspring treated with TP, non-stressed/prenatally stressed GDX offspring. Prenatally stressed GDX offspring showed a significant increase of crossing, rearing, grooming and defecation as compared to the prenatally stressed control offspring. On the contrary, administration of TP to the prenatally stressed GDX offspring significantly decreased crossing behavior, frequency of rearing and grooming behavior as compared to the non-stressed GDX offspring treated with TP, non-stressed/prenatally stressed GDX offspring. Prenatally stressed GDX offspring demonstrated a significant decrease of testosterone levels as compared to the non-stressed/prenatally stressed intact offspring, as well as non-stressed GDX offspring. Administration of TP significantly increased testosterone levels when prenatally stressed GDX offspring were compared with the prenatally stressed intact offspring, non-stressed/prenatally stressed GDX offspring. Thus, the results of the study clearly suggest that gonadectomy and TP supplementation profoundly changed an anxiety-related behavior in prenatally stressed male offspring in the EPM. Our current findings suggest that androgen deficiency in the prenatally stressed male offspring produces the high anxiety level and induces a marked anxious-like state. TP supplementation provokes development of profoundly anxious-like state in the prenatally stressed male offspring, Furthermore, this is the first study to show anxiogenic-like effect of TP administration on anxiety-related states in prenatally stressed male offspring with androgen deficiency. © 2017, E-Century Publishing Corporation. All rights reserved.


Katuchova J.,Pavol Jozef Safarik University and University Hospital | Harvanova D.,Pavol Jozef Safarik University and University Hospital | Spakova T.,Pavol Jozef Safarik University and University Hospital | Kalanin R.,Pavol Jozef Safarik University and University Hospital | And 9 more authors.
Endocrine Pathology | Year: 2015

Diabetes mellitus type 1 is a form of diabetes mellitus that results from the autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. The current gold standard therapy for pancreas transplantation has limitations because of the long list of waiting patients and the limited supply of donor pancreas. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), a relatively new potential therapy in various fields, have already made their mark in the young field of regenerative medicine. Recent studies have shown that the implantation of MSCs decreases glucose levels through paracrine influences rather than through direct transdifferentiation into insulin-producing cells. Therefore, these cells may use pro-angiogenic and immunomodulatory effects to control diabetes following the cotransplantation with pancreatic islets. In this review, we present and discuss new approaches of using MSCs in the treatment of diabetes mellitus type 1. © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York.


PubMed | Pavol Jozef Safarik University and University Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Endocrine pathology | Year: 2015

Diabetes mellitus type 1 is a form of diabetes mellitus that results from the autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. The current gold standard therapy for pancreas transplantation has limitations because of the long list of waiting patients and the limited supply of donor pancreas. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), a relatively new potential therapy in various fields, have already made their mark in the young field of regenerative medicine. Recent studies have shown that the implantation of MSCs decreases glucose levels through paracrine influences rather than through direct transdifferentiation into insulin-producing cells. Therefore, these cells may use pro-angiogenic and immunomodulatory effects to control diabetes following the cotransplantation with pancreatic islets. In this review, we present and discuss new approaches of using MSCs in the treatment of diabetes mellitus type 1.

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