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Vagnini L.D.,Paulista Center for Diagnosis Research and Training | Nascimento A.M.,Paulista Center for Diagnosis Research and Training | Canas M.D.C.T.,Paulista Center for Diagnosis Research and Training | Renzi A.,Paulista Center for Diagnosis Research and Training | And 12 more authors.
Medical Principles and Practice | Year: 2015

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between herpesvirus-associated ubiquitin-specific protease (HAUSP A/G, rs1529916), tumor protein p53 (TP53 Arg/Pro, rs1042522), leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF G/T, rs929271), glycoprotein 130 (gp130 A/T, rs1900173) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF G/A, rs1570360) polymorphisms and recurrent implantation failure (RIF) in Brazilian women. Subjects and Methods: A total of 120 women with RIF (i.e. those with ≥5 cleaved embryos transferred and a minimum of 2 failed in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection attempts) were included. The control group involved 89 women who had experienced at least 1 live birth (without any infertility treatment). DNA was extracted from the peripheral blood of all participants, and the abovementioned single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped by real-time polymerase chain reaction. The data were evaluated using Fisher's test. Results: A significant difference between the RIF and control groups was found in the VEGF gene where the GG genotype showed a 2.1-fold increased chance of not being included in the RIF group, while the presence of an A allele increased this risk 1.6-fold. No significant differences were found for the other polymorphisms. Conclusion: This study showed an association between the VEGF -1154G/A polymorphism and RIF in Brazilian women. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source


Oliveira J.B.A.,Center for Human Reproduction Prof Franco Jr | Oliveira J.B.A.,Paulista Center for Diagnosis Research and Training | Vagnini L.D.,Paulista Center for Diagnosis Research and Training | Petersen C.G.,Center for Human Reproduction Prof Franco Jr | And 16 more authors.
Reproductive BioMedicine Online | Year: 2016

Certain gene polymorphisms are associated with implantation failure and pregnancy loss. Studies of leukaemia inhibitory factor (LIF) gene polymorphisms are scarce. The LIF single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) thymine (T)/guanine (G) (rs929271) was studied in women to determine whether an association existed with pregnancy outcomes after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI); 411 women who underwent ICSI were recruited. DNA was extracted from the peripheral blood, and the LIF gene SNP T/G (rs929271) was genotyped using real-time polymerase chain reaction. Participants were divided into three groups according to their LIF genotype: T/T (n = 168), T/G (n = 202) and G/G (n = 41). All IVF and ICSI procedures were carried out under the same clinical and laboratory conditions. The ICSI cumulative results (from fresh plus frozen cycles) of each genotype group were analysed. The G/G genotype in women was associated with a higher implantation rate (T/T: 15.9%, T/G: 16.2%, G/G: 27.0%; P < 0.05), ongoing pregnancy rate/patient (T/T: 31.5%, T/G: 36.1%, G/G: 53.7%; P < 0.05) and ongoing pregnancy rate/transfer (T/T: 18.5%, T/G: 20.2%, G/G: 36.7%; P < 0.05). LIF SNP T/G (rs929271) seems to be a susceptibility biomarker capable of predicting implantation efficiency and pregnancy outcomes. © 2015 Reproductive Healthcare Ltd. Source


Cavagna M.,Center for Human Reproduction Prof Franco Jr | Cavagna M.,Paulista Center for Diagnosis Research and Training | Cavagna M.,Womens Health Reference Center | Petersen C.G.,Center for Human Reproduction Prof Franco Jr | And 9 more authors.
Jornal Brasileiro de Reproducao Assistida | Year: 2014

Methods: A total of 50 patients who underwent assisted reproductive technology (ART) cycles with endometrial cavity fluid (ECF) observed by ultrasound at the time of oocyte retrieval were included. Upon the identification of ECF, vaginal administration of natural progesterone was started. Two days later, the endometrial cavity was re-evaluated, and embryo transfer was performed in the absence of ECF.Results: ECF was absent two days after administration of vaginal progesterone in 47 of the 50 patients (94%). ECF persisted in 3 of the 50 patients (6%). The clinical pregnancy rate per transfer was 34.0%, and the implantation rate was 21.6%.Conclusion: Our data suggest that, in the presence of ECF, administration of intravaginal progesterone in ART cycles must be initiated on the day of follicle aspiration to reverse ECF and to avoid the deleterious effects of fluid on the blastocyst-endometrial interaction.Objective: To determine whether administration of progesterone on the day of oocyte retrieval may reverse accumulation of fluid in the endometrial cavity. © 2014, Sociedade Brasileira de Reproducao Assistida. All rights reserved. Source


Oliveira J.B.A.,Center For Human Reproduction Prof Franco Junior | Oliveira J.B.A.,Paulista Center for Diagnosis Research and Training | Oliveira J.B.A.,Sao Paulo State University | Baruffi R.L.R.,Center For Human Reproduction Prof Franco Junior | And 15 more authors.
Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology | Year: 2012

Background: The objective was to present a new ovarian response prediction index (ORPI), which was based on anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) levels, antral follicle count (AFC) and age, and to verify whether it could be a reliable predictor of the ovarian stimulation response.Methods: A total of 101 patients enrolled in the ICSI programme were included. The ORPI values were calculated by multiplying the AMH level (ng/ml) by the number of antral follicles (2-9 mm), and the result was divided by the age (years) of the patient (ORPI=(AMH x AFC)/Patient age).Results: The regression analysis demonstrated significant (P<0.0001) positive correlations between the ORPI and the total number of oocytes and of MII oocytes collected. The logistic regression revealed that the ORPI values were significantly associated with the likelihood of pregnancy (odds ratio (OR): 1.86; P=0.006) and collecting greater than or equal to 4 oocytes (OR: 49.25; P<0.0001), greater than or equal to 4 MII oocytes (OR: 6.26; P<0.0001) and greater than or equal to 15 oocytes (OR: 6.10; P<0.0001). Regarding the probability of collecting greater than or equal to 4 oocytes according to the ORPI value, the ROC curve showed an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.91 and an efficacy of 88% at a cut-off of 0.2. In relation to the probability of collecting greater than or equal to 4 MII oocytes according to the ORPI value, the ROC curve had an AUC of 0.84 and an efficacy of 81% at a cut-off of 0.3. The ROC curve for the probability of collecting greater than or equal to 15 oocytes resulted in an AUC of 0.89 and an efficacy of 82% at a cut-off of 0.9. Finally, regarding the probability of pregnancy occurrence according to the ORPI value, the ROC curve showed an AUC of 0.74 and an efficacy of 62% at a cut-off of 0.3.Conclusions: The ORPI exhibited an excellent ability to predict a low ovarian response and a good ability to predict a collection of greater than or equal to 4 MII oocytes, an excessive ovarian response and the occurrence of pregnancy in infertile women. The ORPI might be used to improve the cost-benefit ratio of ovarian stimulation regimens by guiding the selection of medications and by modulating the doses and regimens according to the actual needs of the patients. © 2012 Oliveira et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source


Oliveira J.B.A.,Sao Paulo State University | Oliveira J.B.A.,Center for Human Reproduction Prof Franco Jr | Oliveira J.B.A.,Paulista Center for Diagnosis Research and Training | Baruffi R.,Center for Human Reproduction Prof Franco Jr | And 10 more authors.
Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology | Year: 2010

Background: The effects of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a) administered in the luteal phase remains controversial. This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the effect of the administration of a single-dose of GnRH-a in the luteal phase on ICSI clinical outcomes.Methods: The research strategy included the online search of databases. Only randomized studies were included. The outcomes analyzed were implantation rate, clinical pregnancy rate (CPR) per transfer and ongoing pregnancy rate. The fixed effects model was used for odds ratio. In all trials, a single dose of GnRH-a was administered at day 5/6 after ICSI procedures.Results: All cycles presented statistically significantly higher rates of implantation (P < 0.0001), CPR per transfer (P = 0.006) and ongoing pregnancy (P = 0.02) in the group that received luteal-phase GnRH-a administration than in the control group (without luteal-phase-GnRH-a administration). When meta-analysis was carried out only in trials that had used long GnRH-a ovarian stimulation protocol, CPR per transfer (P = 0.06) and ongoing pregnancy (P = 0.23) rates were not significantly different between the groups, but implantation rate was significant higher (P = 0.02) in the group that received luteal-phase-GnRH-a administration. On the other hand, the results from trials that had used GnRH antagonist multi-dose ovarian stimulation protocol showed statistically significantly higher implantation (P = 0.0002), CPR per transfer (P = 0.04) and ongoing pregnancy rate (P = 0.04) in the luteal-phase-GnRH-a administration group. The majority of the results presented heterogeneity.Conclusions: These findings demonstrate that the luteal-phase single-dose GnRH-a administration can increase implantation rate in all cycles and CPR per transfer and ongoing pregnancy rate in cycles with GnRH antagonist ovarian stimulation protocol. Nevertheless, by considering the heterogeneity between the trials, it seems premature to recommend the use of GnRH-a in the luteal phase. Additional randomized controlled trials are necessary before evidence-based recommendations can be provided. © 2010 Oliveira et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

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