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Perrier L.,University of Lyon | Perrier L.,Leon Berard Cancer Center | Morelle M.,University of Lyon | Morelle M.,Leon Berard Cancer Center | And 14 more authors.
International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics | Year: 2016

Purpose This cost analysis aimed to prospectively assess differences in costs between TomoTherapy and volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) in patients with head and neck cancer. Methods and Materials Economic data were gathered from a multicenter study. However, randomization was not possible due to the availability of equipment. Costs were calculated using the microcosting technique from the hospital's perspective (in 2013 euros), and the time horizon was radiation therapy. Only resources that entered the hospital production process and which were likely to vary between the strategies being compared were considered. Acute adverse events observed within the time horizon were also assessed. Results The cost analysis was based on a total of 173 patient treatments given between 2010 and 2012 in 14 French cancer centers: 73 patients were treated with TomoTherapy, 92 with VMAT RapidArc, and 8 with VMAT SmartArc. Estimated costs of SmartArc were removed from the comparison due to the small sample size. The mean ± SD cost per patient of the treatment planning phase was €314 (±€214) for TomoTherapy and €511 (±€590) for RapidArc. Mean costs ± SD per patient of irradiation reached €3144 (±€565) for TomoTherapy and €1350 (±€299) for RapidArc. The most sensitive parameter of irradiation was the annual operating time of accelerators. Ninety-five percent confidence intervals for the mean costs of irradiation were €3016 to €3272 for TomoTherapy and €1281 to €1408 for RapidArc. The number of acute adverse events during radiation therapy was not significantly different between strategies. Conclusions TomoTherapy appeared to be more expensive than RapidArc mainly due to the higher price of the accelerator, the higher costs of maintenance, and the longer duration of treatment sessions. Because strategies were not significantly different in clinical effect, RapidArc appeared to be the strategy to be recommended at this stage of knowledge. © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Archier A.,Aix - Marseille University | Heimburger C.,University of Strasbourg | Guerin C.,Aix - Marseille University | Morange I.,Aix - Marseille University | And 10 more authors.
European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging | Year: 2016

Purpose: To evaluate the performance of 18F-l-dihydroxyphenylalanine (18F-DOPA) PET/CT in the detection of locoregional and distant medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) metastases and to compare imaging findings with histological data. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 86 MTC patients with persistently high serum calcitonin levels after initial surgery who had undergone 18F-DOPA PET/CT between January 2007 and December 2014 in two referral centres. They were followed up for at least 6 months after the PET/CT assessment. The results were compared with histological data or with the findings obtained during follow-up using a complementary imaging modality. Results: 18F-DOPA PET/CT was positive in 65 of the 86 patients, corresponding to a patient-based sensitivity of 75.6 %. Distant metastatic disease (M1) was seen in 29 patients including 11 with previously unknown metastases revealed only by PET/CT. Among the 36 patients without distant metastatic spread, 25 had nodal involvement limited to the neck, and 10 of these 25 patients underwent reoperation. The lymph node compartment-based sensitivity of 18F-DOPA PET/CT was 100 % in the two institutions but lesion-based sensitivity was only 24 %. Preoperative and postoperative median calcitonin levels were 405 pg/mL (range 128 – 1,960 pg/mL) and 259 pg/mL (range 33 – 1,516 pg/mL), respectively. None of the patients achieved normalization of serum calcitonin after reoperation. Conclusion: 18F-DOPA PET/CT enables early diagnosis of a significant number of patients with distant metastasis. It has a limited sensitivity in the detection of residual disease but provides high performance for regional analysis. A surgical compartment-oriented approach could be the approach of choice whatever the number of nodes revealed by 18F-DOPA PET/CT. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Antoni D.,Paul Strauss Cancer Center | Clavier J.-B.,Paul Strauss Cancer Center | Pop M.,Paul Strauss Cancer Center | Schumacher C.,Paul Strauss Cancer Center | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics | Year: 2013

Purpose: To retrospectively evaluate the prognostic factors and survival of a series of 777 patients with brain metastases (BM) from a single institution. Methods and Materials: Patients were treated with surgery followed by whole-brain radiation therapy (WBRT) or with WBRT alone in 16.3% and 83.7% of the cases, respectively. The patients were RPA (recursive partitioning analysis) class I, II, and III in 11.2%, 69.6%, and 18.4% of the cases, respectively; RPA class II-a, II-b, and II-c in 8.3%, 24.8%, and 66.9% of the cases, respectively; and with GPA (graded prognostic assessment) scores of 0-1.0, 1.5-2.0, 2.5-3.0, and 3.5-4.0 in 35%, 27.5%, 18.2%, and 8.6% of the cases, respectively. Results: The median overall survival (OS) times according to RPA class I, II, and III were 20.1, 5.1, and 1.3 months, respectively (P<.0001); according to RPA class II-a, II-b, II-c: 9.1, 8.9, and 4.0 months, respectively (P<.0001); and according to GPA score 0-1.0, 1.5-2.0, 2.5-3.0, and 3.5-4.0: 2.5, 4.4, 9.0, and 19.1 months, respectively (P<.0001). By multivariate analysis, the favorable independent prognostic factors for survival were as follows: for gastrointestinal tumor, a high Karnofsky performance status (KPS) (P=.0003) and an absence of extracranial metastases (ECM) (P=.003); for kidney cancer, few BM (P=.002); for melanoma, few BM (P=.01), an absence of ECM (P=.002), and few ECM (P=.0002); for lung cancer, age (P=.007), a high KPS (P<.0001), an absence of ECM (P<.0001), few ECM and BM (P<.0001 and P=.0006, respectively), and control of the primary tumor (P=.004); and for breast cancer, age (P=.001), a high KPS (P=.007), control of the primary tumor (P=.05), and few ECM and BM (P=.01 and P=.0002, respectively). The triple-negative subtype was a significant unfavorable factor (P=.007). Conclusion: Prognostic factors varied by pathology. Our analysis confirms the strength of prognostic factors used to determine the GPA score, including the genetic subtype for breast cancer. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.

Korenbaum C.,University of Strasbourg | Barthelemy P.,University of Strasbourg | Onea A.,University of Strasbourg | Onea A.,Paul Strauss Cancer Center | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology | Year: 2016

Most patients with testicular seminoma have been treated with a curative intent for decades. Second cancers after radiotherapy for testicular seminoma before 1990 are a growing issue, and are related to previous generation of dose planning and delineating strategies. Among those cancers, hepatocellular carcinoma is an extremely rare occurrence, especially when affecting patients with healthy, noncirrhotic liver. Here, we describe such a case in a patient of our institution, and subsequently review the relevant literature and large epidemiologic studies. Understanding those late and serious toxicity features may help cancer care teams to screen and treat those patients appropriately. © 2015 INASL.

Guihard S.,Paul Strauss Cancer Center | Ramolu L.,Paul Strauss Cancer Center | Macabre C.,Paul Strauss Cancer Center | Wasylyk B.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Oncology | Year: 2012

Human papillomavirus (HPV)-related oropharyngeal cancer represents a distinct head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) subpopulation, with improved diseasefree and overall survival. In general, HPV-positive HNSCCs express wild-type TP53, which could explain its increased radiosensitivity. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this higher sensitivity remain elusive. We have previously shown that HPV-related oropharyngeal carcinomas express decreased levels of the NEDD8-activating enzyme 1/amyloid β precursor protein-binding protein 1 (NAE1/APP-BP1) gene. NAE1/APP-BP1 function is required for the NEDDylation of target proteins, and has been shown to be a negative regulator of p53 transcriptional activity. In this study, we addressed the hypothesis that NAE1/APP-BP1 expression levels regulate p53 activity and cell survival upon ionizing irradiation. We used the radiosensitive and naturally HPV16-infected UPCI:SCC90 cell line and the radioresistant and HPV-negative SQ20B cell line as the control. NAE1/APP-BP1 expression levels were modulated with expression constructs and siRNAs. Radiosensitivity was evaluated with clonogenic survival assays. p53 transcriptional activity was measured with a luciferase assay. The overexpression of NAE1/APP-BP1 in UPCI:SCC90 cells resulted in the increased NEDDylation of p53, inhibition of p53 activity and increased cell resistance to ionizing radiation. Conversely, the inhibition of NAE1/APP-BP1 expression in SQ20B cells induced p53-dependent cell death after treatment with X-rays. Taken together, these results indicate that NAE1/APP-BP1 and NEDDylation are invovled in modulating p53 activity and regulating its role in the response of cells to ionizing radiation. Our findings bring new insights in the molecular mechanisms underlying the increased radiosensitivity of HPV-related oropharyngeal tumors. This is of importance, as no reliable and robust predictive biomarkers for tumor response to radiotherapy are currently available. These results also have potential clinical significance, as drugs targeting NAE1/APP-BP1 have recently emerged as a novel therapeutic modality in cancer treatment.

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