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Newport Beach, United States

Selvan S.R.,Patty and George Hoag Cancer Center | Selvan S.R.,National University of Health Sciences | Carbonell D.J.,Patty and George Hoag Cancer Center | Fowler A.W.,Patty and George Hoag Cancer Center | And 3 more authors.
Melanoma Research | Year: 2010

Personalized vaccine, recognized after the failure of allogenic melanoma whole cell and lysate vaccine phase III trials, involves culturing cells from a patient's own tumor within a short duration and with less passages but with optimized expression of tumor-associated antigens (TAAs). Its feasibility is established by comparing pure cell lines generated from fresh and cryopreserved tissues (n=164) of patients with lymph node (LN) and distant metastases. Stable cell lines (from 67% of specimens) are subcultured after cryopreserving them. Pure cell lines established after eliminating fibroblasts (from 96% of the cell lines) include those from LN (69%), soft tissues including cutaneous (60%), liver (64%), lung (75%), bone (80%), brain (75%), and other sites (73%). Within 3.5 months, stable cell lines (≥50 million cells) are established from initiating the cell culture. For LN metastases, the duration differs significantly (P2<0.05) between fresh (1.4-3.4 months) and cryopreserved (2.4-4.7 months) tissues. The expression of TAAs varies as follows: Tyrosinase (81%) >Melan-A (80%) >HMB45/gp-100 (75%) >Mel-5/TRP-1 (65%) >MAGE-1 (47%) > S-100 (28%). The number of TAAs per cell line differs between early (<7) and late (>7) passages. Among late passage cell lines, lesser percentage of cell lines express three to six antigens pointing out that early passage (<7) cell lines may be needed for antigen-targeted immunotherapy. This study provides a protocol for establishing cell lines within 2-5 months for personalized vaccine therapy for nodal and organ metastatic melanoma patients. © 2010 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

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