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Ferrucci A.,University of Bari | Moschetta M.,University of Bari | Frassanito M.A.,University of Bari | Berardi S.,University of Bari | And 14 more authors.
Clinical Cancer Research | Year: 2014

Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the angiogenic role of the hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)/cMET pathway and its inhibition in bone marrow endothelial cells (EC) from patients with multiple myeloma versus from patients with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) or benign anemia (control group). Experimental Design: The HGF/cMET pathway was evaluated in ECs from patients with multiple myeloma (multiple myeloma ECs) at diagnosis, at relapse after bortezomib- or lenalidomide-based therapies, or on refractory phase to these drugs; in ECs from patients with MGUS (MGECs); and in those patients from the control group. The effects of a selective cMET tyrosine kinase inhibitor (SU11274) on multiple myeloma ECs' angiogenic activities were studied in vitro and in vivo. Results: Multiple myeloma ECs express more HGF, cMET, and activated cMET (phospho (p)-cMET) at both RNAand protein levels versus MGECs and control ECs. Multiple myeloma ECs are able to maintain the HGF/cMET pathway activation in absence of external stimulation, whereas treatment with anti-HGF and anti-cMET neutralizing antibodies (Ab) is able to inhibit cMET activation. The cMET pathway regulates several multiple myeloma EC activities, including chemotaxis, motility, adhesion, spreading, and whole angiogenesis. Its inhibition by SU11274 impairs these activities in a statistically significant fashion when combined with bortezomib or lenalidomide, both in vitro and in vivo. Conclusions: An autocrine HGF/cMET loop sustains multiple myeloma angiogenesis and represents an appealing new target to potentiate the antiangiogenic management of patients with multiple myeloma. © 2014 AACR.

Muccio C.F.,Neuroradiology Unit | Di Blasi A.,Pathological Anatomy Unit | Esposito G.,Neuroradiology Unit | Brunese L.,University of Molise | And 2 more authors.
Polish Journal of Radiology | Year: 2013

Background: Lymphocytic vasculitis of the central nervous system is an uncommon subtype of primary angiitis of the central nervous system (PACNS) - a rare inflammatory disorder affecting parenchymal and leptomeningeal arteries and veins. Case Report: Establishing diagnosis on the basis of neuroimaging only is difficult, as it can mimic a brain tumor. Thus, histological diagnosis is essential for appropriate management. We present a case of biopsy-proven lymphocytic vasculitis mimicking a brain tumor on neuroimaging that was subsequently successfully treated with steroid therapy. We also discuss the findings in perfusion MR (PWI) and MR spectroscopy (MRS). Conclusions: Regional hypoperfusion on PWI and elevation of glutamate and glutamine levels on MRS (without associated typical tumor spectra) are common findings in inflammatory disorders, including PACNS, and can be useful in differential diagnosis with tumors. © Pol J Radiol.

Giusti I.,University of LAquila | D'Ascenzo S.,University of LAquila | Manco A.,University of LAquila | Di Stefano G.,University of LAquila | And 6 more authors.
BioMed Research International | Year: 2014

Since tendon injuries and tendinopathy are a growing problem, sometimes requiring surgery, new strategies that improve conservative therapies are needed. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) seems to be a good candidate by virtue of its high content of growth factors, most of which are involved in tendon healing. This study aimed to evaluate if different concentrations of platelets in PRP have different effects on the biological features of normal human tenocytes that are usually required during tendon healing. The different platelet concentrations tested (up to 5 × 106 plt/μL) stimulated differently tenocytes behavior; intermediate concentrations (0.5 × 106, 1 × 106 plt/μL) strongly induced all tested processes (proliferation, migration, collagen, and MMPs production) if compared to untreated cells; on the contrary, the highest concentration had inhibitory effects on proliferation and strongly reduced migration abilities and overall collagen production but, at the same time, induced increasing MMP production, which could be counterproductive because excessive proteolysis could impair tendon mechanical stability. Thus, these in vitro data strongly suggest the need for a compromise between extremely high and low platelet concentrations to obtain an optimal global effect when inducing in vivo tendon healing. © 2014 Ilaria Giusti et al.

Minardi D.,Marche Polytechnic University | D'Anzeo G.,Marche Polytechnic University | Lucarini G.,Marche Polytechnic University | Filosa A.,Pathological Anatomy Unit | And 7 more authors.
Human Pathology | Year: 2011

D2-40 immunohistochemical expression was investigated in tissue specimens from 39 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the penis who underwent partial or total penectomy between 1987 and 2008. Patient age, tumor size, and grade; D2-40-positive lymphatic vessel density in intratumoral, peritumoral, and normal tissue; cell positivity for D2-40 in intratumoral and normal tissue; and D2-40 staining intensity and distribution were analyzed and correlated with disease-specific survival. Analysis of D2-40-positive lymphatics disclosed that mean lymphatic vessel density was greater in peritumoral tissue than in intratumoral and normal tissue and lower in patients with lymph node metastasis than in those without lymph node metastasis. The receiver operating characteristic curve showed that an intratumoral lymphatic vessel density greater than 2.0 had 83.3% sensitivity and 78% specificity in predicting lymph node metastasis. Analysis of cell immunoreactivity showed cytoplasmic D2-40 positivity in intratumoral and normal tissue in 89.7% and 65.5% of patients, respectively. A strong correlation emerged between grade of cell differentiation and D2-40 immunoreactivity in intratumoral tissue; in particular, 88.9% of tumors with weak podoplanin expression were G1, whereas strong cellular immunoreactivity was detected in 83.3% of G3 patients (P =.003; χ 2 test). A significant correlation was also noted between pattern of reactivity and tumor grade because the basal layer was positive in patients with undifferentiated tumors (100% of G3) and in 72.2% of G1 tumors (P =.021; χ 2 test). D2-40 seems to be a useful marker for the development of node metastasis in squamous cell carcinoma of the penis, although validation in larger series is required to confirm its predictive value. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.

Morocoima A.,Health Science University | Socorro G.,Pathological Anatomy Unit | Avila R.,Health Science University | Hernandez A.,Health Science University | And 6 more authors.
Parasitology Research | Year: 2012

Trypanosoma cruzi causes a pan-infection, Chagas disease, in American mammals through fecal transmission by triatomine insects, resulting in an acute phase parasitemia with intracellularity mainly in the myocells and cells of the central nervous system (CNS).The parasites, due to the immune response, then decrease in number, characteristic of the life-long chronicity of the disease. We infected a mouse model with isolates obtained from reservoirs and vectors from rural and urban endemic areas in Venezuela. Intracellular proliferation and differentiation of the parasite in astrocytes, microglia, neurons, endothelial cells of the piarachnoid, cells of the Purkinje layer, and spinal ganglion cells, as well as extracellularly in the neuropil, were evaluated during the acute phase. Damages were identified as meningoencephalitis, astrocytosis, reactive microglia, acute neuronal degeneration by central chromatolysis, endothelial cell hyperplasia, edema of the neuropil, and satellitosis. This is the first time that satellitosis has been reported from a mammal infected with T. cruzi. Intracellular T. cruzi and inflammatory infiltrates were found in cardiac and skeletal myocytes and liver cells. No parasitism or alterations to the CNS were observed in the chronic mice, although they did show myocarditis and myocitis with extensive infiltrates. Our results are discussed in relation to hypotheses that deny the importance of the presence of tissue parasites versus the direct relationship between these and the damages produced during the chronic phase of Chagas disease. We also review the mechanisms proposed as responsible for the nervous phase of this parasitosis. © 2012 Springer-Verlag.

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