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Tanase A.,EBMT Lymphoma Working Party | Tanase A.,Fundeni Hospital | Schmitz N.,EBMT Lymphoma Working Party | Stein H.,Pathodiagnostik Berlin | And 13 more authors.
Leukemia | Year: 2015

The objective of this registry study was to analyse the outcome of patients who underwent allogeneic or autologous haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma (HSTL), a rare and extremely aggressive peripheral T-cell lymphoma subtype. Patients were eligible if they had histologically verified HSTL and underwent HSCT between 2003 and 2011. Seventy-six patients were identified in the European Society for Bone and Marrow Transplantation database. Additional baseline and follow-up information could be obtained from the referring centres for 36 patients. Eleven of these were excluded following histopathology review, leaving 25 patients in the final study cohort (alloHSCT 18, autoHSCT 7). With a median follow-up of 36 months, 2 patients relapsed after alloHSCT, resulting in a 3-year progression-free survival of 48%. After autoHSCT, 5 patients relapsed and subsequently died. This study indicates that graft-versus-lymphoma activity conferred by alloHSCT can result in long-term survival for a substantial proportion of patients with HSTL. © 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.


PubMed | Institute Paoli Calmettes, St James's Hospital, 1 EBMT Lymphoma Working Party, Fundeni Hospital and 9 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Leukemia | Year: 2015

The objective of this registry study was to analyse the outcome of patients who underwent allogeneic or autologous haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma (HSTL), a rare and extremely aggressive peripheral T-cell lymphoma subtype. Patients were eligible if they had histologically verified HSTL and underwent HSCT between 2003 and 2011. Seventy-six patients were identified in the European Society for Bone and Marrow Transplantation database. Additional baseline and follow-up information could be obtained from the referring centres for 36 patients. Eleven of these were excluded following histopathology review, leaving 25 patients in the final study cohort (alloHSCT 18, autoHSCT 7). With a median follow-up of 36 months, 2 patients relapsed after alloHSCT, resulting in a 3-year progression-free survival of 48%. After autoHSCT, 5 patients relapsed and subsequently died. This study indicates that graft-versus-lymphoma activity conferred by alloHSCT can result in long-term survival for a substantial proportion of patients with HSTL.


PubMed | Robert Bosch GmbH, University of Leipzig, University of Würzburg, Kantonal Hospital St Gallen and 7 more.
Type: Comparative Study | Journal: Leukemia | Year: 2015

Prognostically relevant risk factors in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) have predominantly been evaluated in elderly populations. We tested whether previously described risk factors are also valid in younger, poor-prognosis DLBCL patients. Paraffin-embedded samples from 112 patients with de novo DLBCL, enrolled in the R-MegaCHOEP trial of the German High Grade Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Study Group (DSHNHL) were investigated using immunohistochemistry (MYC, FOXP1, LMO2, GCET1, CD5, CD10, BCL2, BCL6, IRF4/MUM1) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (MYC, BCL2, BCL6). MYC, BCL2 and BCL6 breaks occurred in 14, 21 and 31%, respectively. In the majority of cases, MYC was simultaneously rearranged with BCL2 and/or BCL6. The adverse impact of MYC rearrangements was confirmed, but the sole presence of BCL2 breaks emerged as a novel prognostic marker associated with inferior overall survival (OS) (P=0.002). Combined overexpression of MYC and BCL2 showed only limited association with inferior OS. All immunohistochemical cell of origin classifiers applied failed to predict survival time. DLBCL tumors with significant proportion of immunoblastic and/or immunoblastic-plasmacytoid cells had inferior OS, independently from from BCL2 break. Younger, poor-prognosis DLBCL patients, therefore, display different biological risk factors compared with an elderly population, with BCL2 translocations emerging as a powerful negative prognostic marker.


Locher R.,Charité - Medical University of Berlin | Erba P.A.,University of Pisa | Hirsch B.,Charité - Medical University of Berlin | Bombardieri E.,Italian National Cancer Institute | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology | Year: 2014

Purpose: The extradomain B of fibronectin (ED-B) is a promising vascular target for selective pharmacodelivery in cancer patients. We analyzed a large series of prostatectomies from patients with prostate cancer, hyperplastic prostate disease, and normal prostates to study extent and tumor-selectivity of ED-B expression. Methods: Using immunohistology, 68 adenocarcinomas of the prostate or prostate cancer-inflicted lymph nodes, 4 samples of benign prostatic hyperplasia, and 6 normal prostate glands were studied for ED-B expressing newly formed blood vessels. Further, we treated an advanced prostate cancer patient with the anti-ED-B antibody 131I-L19SIP to study in vivo target accessibility. Results: ED-B-positive blood vessels were found significantly more frequent in prostate cancers as compared with peritumoral prostate tissues or normal prostate glands, independent of tumor differentiation. The ED-B-positive blood vessels' density was 97 (±23), 65 (±9), and 59 (±9)/mm2 in G3, G2, and G1 prostate cancers, respectively, and 7 (±5)/mm2 in normal prostate glands. In high-grade (G3) prostate cancers, also the peritumoral tissue showed a higher density of ED-B vessels than normal prostate glands. Similar results were obtained when ED-B-positive vessel density was expressed as a fraction of CD34-positive vessel density. Finally, selective uptake of ED-B-binding 131I-L19SIP to tumor lesions was found in an advanced prostate cancer patient by whole-body planar scintigraphy. Conclusions: ED-B-positive blood vessels were found to a large extent in prostate cancer tissues, but only rarely in normal prostates or benign prostatic hyperplasia. Whole-body planar scintigraphy in a prostate cancer patient confirmed selective uptake of 131I-L19SIP in the prostate cancer tissues, qualifying ED-B as a promising target for selective pharmacodelivery of anticancer agents in prostate cancer. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Hansen H.P.,University of Cologne | Engels H.-M.,University of Cologne | Dams M.,University of Cologne | Paes Leme A.F.,Brazilian Biosciences National Laboratory | And 11 more authors.
Journal of Pathology | Year: 2014

Classical Hodgkin's lymphoma (cHL)-affected lymphoid tissue contains only a few malignant Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg (HRS) cells, which are disseminated within a massive infiltrate of reactive cells. In particular, the innate immune infiltrate is deemed to support tumour growth by direct cell-cell interaction. Since they are rarely found in close proximity to the malignant cells in situ, we investigated whether cHL-derived extracellular vesicles might substitute for a direct cell-cell contact. We studied the crosstalk of the transmembrane proteins CD30 and CD30 ligand (CD30L) because they are selectively expressed on HRS and innate immune cells, respectively. Here, we showed that HRS cells released both the ectodomain as a soluble molecule (sCD30) and the entire receptor on the surface of extracellular vesicles. The vesicle diameter was 40-800 nm, as determined by cryo- and immune electron microscopy. In addition to CD30, typical extracellular vesicle markers were detected by mass spectrometry and flow cytometry, including tetraspanins, flotillins, heat shock proteins and adhesion molecules. In contrast to sCD30, vesicles caused a CD30-dependent release of interleukin-8 in CD30L+ eosinophil-like EoL-1 cells and primary granulocytes from healthy donors, underscoring the functionality of CD30 on vesicles. In extracellular matrix (ECM)-embedded culture of HRS cells, a network of actin and tubulin-based protrusions guided CD30+ vesicles into the micro-environment. This network targeted CD30+ vesicles towards distant immune cells and caused a robust polarization of CD30L. Confocal laser scanning microscopy of 30 μm sections showed a CD30 vesicle-containing network also in cHL-affected lymphoid tissue of both mixed-cellularity and nodular sclerosing subtypes. This network might facilitate the communication between distant cell types in cHL tissue and allow a functional CD30-CD30L interaction in trans. The tubulin backbone of the network may provide a target for the therapy of cHL with antitubulin-based CD30 antibody constructs. Copyright © 2013 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Copyright © 2013 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


PubMed | University of Tübingen, Robert Bosch GmbH, University of Würzburg, University of Lübeck and 7 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Leukemia | Year: 2016

Approximately 15% of follicular lymphomas (FLs) lack breaks in the BCL2 locus. The aim of this study was to better define molecular and clinical features of BCL2-breakpoint/t(14;18)-negative FLs. We studied the presence of BCL2, BCL6 and MYC breaks by fluorescence in situ hybridization and the expression of BCL2, MUM1, CD10, P53 and Ki67 in large clinical trial cohorts of 540 advanced-stage FL cases and 116 early-stage disease FL patients treated with chemotherapy regimens and radiation, respectively. A total of 86% and 53% of advanced- and early-stage FLs were BCL2-breakpoint-positive, respectively. BCL2 was expressed in almost all FLs with BCL2 break and also in 86% and 69% of BCL2-breakpoint-negative advanced- and early-stage FLs, respectively. CD10 expression was significantly reduced in BCL2-breakpoint-negative FLs of all stages and MUM1 and Ki67 expression were significantly increased in BCL2-break-negative early-stage FLs. Patient characteristics did not differ between FLs with and without BCL2 breaks and neither did survival times in advanced-stage FLs. These results suggest that the molecular profile differs to some extent between FLs with and without BCL2 breaks and support the notion that FLs with and without BCL2 breaks belong to the same lymphoma entity.


Joosten M.,Charité - Medical University of Berlin | Seitz V.,Charité - Medical University of Berlin | Zimmermann K.,Humboldt University of Berlin | Sommerfeld A.,Charité - Medical University of Berlin | And 5 more authors.
Haematologica | Year: 2013

A characteristic feature of anaplastic large cell lymphoma is the significant repression of the T-cell expression program despite its T-cell origin. The reasons for this down-regulation of T-cell phenotype are still unknown. To elucidate whether epigenetic mechanisms are responsible for the loss of the T-cell phenotype, we treated anaplastic large cell lymphoma and T-cell lymphoma/leukemia cell lines (n=4, each) with epigenetic modifiers to evoke DNA demethylation and histone acetylation. Global gene expression data from treated and untreated cell lines were generated and selected, and differentially expressed genes were evaluated by real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis. Additionally, histone H3 lysine 27 trimethylation was analyzed by chromatin immunoprecipitation. Combined DNA demethylation and histone acetylation of anaplastic large cell lymphoma cells was not able to reconstitute their T-cell phenotype. Instead, the same treatment induced in T cells: (i) an up-regulation of anaplastic large cell lymphoma-characteristic genes (e.g. ID2, LGALS1, c- JUN), and (ii) an almost complete extinction of their T-cell phenotype including CD3, LCK and ZAP70. In addition, suppressive trimethylation of histone H3 lysine 27 of important T-cell transcription factor genes (GATA3, LEF1, TCF1) was present in anaplastic large cell lymphoma cells, which is in line with their absence in primary tumor specimens as demonstrated by immunohistochemistry. Our data suggest that epigenetically activated suppressors (e.g. ID2) contribute to the down-regulation of the T-cell expression program in anaplastic large cell lymphoma, which is maintained by trimethylation of histone H3 lysine 27. ©2013 Ferrata Storti Foundation.


Thakur M.,Charité - Medical University of Berlin | Thakur M.,Free University of Berlin | Mergel K.,Charité - Medical University of Berlin | Weng A.,Charité - Medical University of Berlin | And 5 more authors.
Molecular Oncology | Year: 2013

Targeted toxin-based therapeutics are hindered by poor intracellular uptake, limited stability and non-specific immune stimulation. To address these problems, ligand-targeted toxins in combination with low dose saponin mixtures have been adapted and tested in vivo in the past, however, undefined saponin raw mixtures are not suitable for use in clinical development. In the present work we therefore used a targeted toxin (Sap3-EGF, i.e. saporin fused to epidermal growth factor) in combination with a structurally defined isolated saponin m/. z 1861 (SO-1861). In vitro evaluation confirmed a 6900-fold enhancement in the cytotoxic efficacy of Sap3-EGF against TSA-EGFR target cells. The required dose of the targeted toxin was appreciably reduced and there was a highly synergistic effect observed. An ex vivo hemolysis assay showed no or very less hemolysis up to 10 μg/mL of SO-1861. In the acute toxicity studies SO-1861 was found to be non-toxic up to a dose of 100 μg/treatment. The enzymes aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, and glutamate dehydrogenase did not show any statistically significant liver damage, which was further confirmed by histological examination. Additionally, creatinine was also similar to the control group thus ruling out damage to kidney. In vivo studies in a syngeneic BALB/c tumor model characterized by EGFR overexpression were done by applying 30 μg SO-1861 and 0.1 μg Sap3-EGF per treatment. A more than 90% reduction (p < 0.05) in the average tumor volume was observed by this combined therapy. © 2012 Federation of European Biochemical Societies.


PubMed | Pathodiagnostik Berlin, BioZyme Inc., University of Kiel, University of Cologne and Brazilian Biosciences National Laboratory
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oncotarget | Year: 2016

The goal of targeted immunotherapy in cancer is to damage both malignant and tumor-supporting cells of the microenvironment but spare unaffected tissue. The malignant cells in classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) selectively express CD30. They release this receptor on extracellular vesicles (EVs) for the tumor-supporting communication with CD30 ligand (CD30L)-positive bystander cells. Here, we investigated how CD30-positive EVs influence the efficacy of the CD30 antibody drug conjugate (ADC) Brentuximab Vedotin (SGN-35). The malignant cells and the EVs expressed the active sheddase ADAM10. ADAM10 cleaved and released the CD30 ectodomain (sCD30), causing a gradual depletion of SGN-35 binding sites on EVs and creating a soluble competitor of the ADC therapy. In a 3D semi-solid tumor microenvironment model, the EVs were retained in the matrix whereas sCD30 penetrated readily into the surrounding culture medium. This resulted in a lowered ratio of EV-associated CD30 (CD30EV) to sCD30 in the surrounding medium in comparison to non-embedded cultures. A low percentage of CD30EV was also detected in the plasma of cHL patients, supporting the clinical relevance of the model. The adherence of CD30EV but not sCD30 to CD30-/CD30L+ mast cells and eosinophils allowed the indirect binding of SGN-35. Moreover, SGN-35 damaged CD30-negative cells, provided they were loaded with CD30+ EVs.


PubMed | Vivantes Hospitals, University Hospital Muenster and Pathodiagnostik Berlin
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2015

Signaling through the IL-1-receptor type 1 (IL-1R1), IL-1 is required for initiation and maintenance of diverse activities of the immune system. A second receptor, IL-1R2, blocks IL-1 signal transduction. We studied expression of IL-1beta, IL-1R1, and IL-1R2 in 17 Hodgkin lymphomas (HL) by in situ hybridization (ISH). IL-1beta expressing cells, morphologically consistent with endothelial cells and fibroblasts, occurred in all HL tissues with elevated transcript levels in areas of active fibrosis. Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg (HRS) cells of all cases expressed low IL-1R1 transcript levels in some tumor cells, and high levels of IL-1R2 in large proportions of HRS cells. Only few bystander cells showed low levels of IL-1R1 and IL-1R2 RNA. Supernatants of 4 out of 7 HL-derived cell lines contained soluble IL-1R2 protein at high levels. HL patient sera carried variably amounts of IL-1R2 protein with significantly increased titers in patients with active disease compared to patients in complete remission and control individuals without HL. Western blots and co-immunoprecipitations showed binding of the IL-1R2 to the intracellular IL-1R-accessory protein (IL-1IRAcP). These data suggest functions of the IL-1R2 as a decoy-receptor sequestrating paracrine IL-1 extracellularly and intracellularly by engaging IL-1IRAcP, thus depriving IL1-R1 molecules of their extracellular and intracellular ligands. Expression of IL1-R2 by HRS cells seems to contribute to local and systemic modulation of immune function in HL.

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