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Lidya L.,Pasundan University
IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering | Year: 2017

National Health Insurance has been implemented since 1st January 2014. A number of new policies have been established including multilevel referral system. The multilevel referral system classified health care center into three levels, it determined that the flow of patient treatment should be started from first level health care center. There are 144 kind of diseases that must be treat in the first level which mainly consists of general physicians. Unfortunately, competence of the physician in the first level may not fulfil the standard competence yet. To improved the physisians knowledge, government has created many events to accelerate knowledge sharing. However, it still needs times and many resources to give significan results. Expert system is kind of software that provide consulting services to non-expert users in accordance with the area of its expertise. It can improved effectivity and efficiency of knowledge sharing and learning. This research was developed a model of TB diagnose expert system which comply with the standard procedure of TB diagnosis and regulation. The proposed expert system has characteristics as follows provide facility to manage multimedia clinical data, supporting the complexity of TB diagnosis (combine rule-based and case-based expert system), interactive interface, good usability, multi-platform, evolutionary. © Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.


Wahyuniardi R.,Pasundan University | Dimyati T.T.,Pasundan University | Ikrawan Y.,Pasundan University | Widiantara T.,Pasundan University
Rasayan Journal of Chemistry | Year: 2017

The Government regard to the Ministry of health and Ministry of industry make policy in order to prevent an increase in vitamin A deficiency sufferers in Indonesia. The policy made in the Ministerial Regulation No. 87/2013 about SNI mandatory of Palm cooking oil with vitamin A (fortification). The problem is the whole vitamin A circulating domestically is imported products. With the enactment of this policy, then the needs of vitamin A in the country will be very large. Theoretically, Vitamin A can be generated from the content of certain commodities contained vegetable or animal sources available in the country. Until now, there has been no research that explains the availability of animal or vegetable sources as the industrial raw material of Vitamin A. Research shows that availability of animal and vegetable raw materials in Indonesia to support its industry is not sufficient. Delivered also alternative sources of raw materials that can be used as raw material for the manufacture of Vitamin A as Palm cooking oil. In addition, the results of the analysis of the economic establishment of techno-economic industries Vitamin A in Indonesia using Benefit Cost Ratio, showing that this plan is worthy of particular consideration. © RASĀYAN. All rights reserved.


Purbasari A.,Pasundan University
2016 8th Computer Science and Electronic Engineering Conference, CEEC 2016 - Conference Proceedings | Year: 2016

This paper exploits the parallelism potential on a Clonal Selection Algorithm (CSA) as a parallel metaheuristic algorithm, due the lack of explanation detail of the stages of designing parallel algorithms. To parallelise population-based algorithms, we need to exploit and define their granularity for each stage; do data or functional partition; and choose the communication model. Using a library for a message-passing model, such as MPJExpress, we define appropriate methods to implement process communication. This research results pseudocode for the two communication message-passing models, using MPJExpress. We implemented this pseudo-codes using Java Language with a dataset from the Travelling Salesman Problem (TSP). The experiments showed that multicommunication model using alltogether method gained better performance that master-slave model that using send-and receive method. © 2016 IEEE.


Asep E.K.,University Putra Malaysia | Asep E.K.,Pasundan University | Jinap S.,University Putra Malaysia | Jahurul M.H.A.,Universiti Sains Malaysia | And 2 more authors.
Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies | Year: 2013

Cocoa butter was successfully extracted from cocoa liquor by supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) at 35 MPa, 60°C and 2 mL/min with 5%, 15% and 25% cosolvents. The extraction yield of triglycerides (TG) and fatty acid (FA) compositions were significantly influenced by the concentration of polar cosolvents. The SC-CO2 extraction efficiency was increased with cosolvent significantly. Ethanol was found to be the best cosolvent for cocoa butter extraction using SC-CO2 followed by isopropanol and acetone. The triglycerides of 1,3-dipalmitoyl-2-oleoylglycerol (POP), 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-3-stearoyl-glycerol (POS) and 1,3-distearoyl-2-oleoyl- glycerol (SOS) were contained in the extracted cocoa butter with POS being the major component. Where palmitic, stearic and oleic were the main fatty acids in the cocoa butter samples, with stearic being the highest component. The lower molecular weight (MW) of TGs and FAs showed the higher selectivity compared to the high MW of TGs and FAs. Thus, they were fractionated during the first stage of SC-CO2 process. Industrial relevance The cocoa butter was successfully extracted from cocoa liquor by SC-CO2 at 35 MPa, 60°C and 2 mL/min using different concentrations of polar cosolvents (ethanol, isopropanol and acetone). The extraction yield was significantly (p < 0.05) influenced by the concentration of polar cosolvents. Similarly, polar cosolvent concentration had significant (p < 0.05) effects on the TG and FA compositions. Ethanol was found to be the most efficient polar cosolvent for cocoa butter extraction compared to isopropanol and acetone. POS (42.2-45.9%) being the major triglycerdies component, followed by SOS (27.6-31.4%) and POP (20.3-22.7). Palmitic, stearic and oleic acids were the main fatty acids in the extracted cocoa butter, with stearic being the highest (34.9-37.8%), followed by oleic (30.3-31.8%) and palmitic (28.3-30.0%) acids, respectively. The choice of modifiers becomes a great challenge and ethanol was shown to be the best polar cosolvent, and it enhanced the solubility during the cocoa butter extraction by SC-CO2. This method can be feasibly implemented in the cocoa industry for the production of high quality cocoa butter. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Liyanthy M.,Pasundan University | Nugroho H.,Telecommunication Engineering | Maharani W.,Telkom University
2015 3rd International Conference on Information and Communication Technology, ICoICT 2015 | Year: 2015

Speech synchronization is one of the studies in the field of facial animation that has been widely studied, which results in speech animation, but there are still many challenges that have not been reached at this time, one of which is realistic speech synchronization. Because of differences in visual phoneme (viseme) in the pronunciation of each language, it is very difficult to make speech synchronization tools that are applicable for all languages, and at present there are no speech synchronization tools that can provide good results for Indonesian Language. This study proposes the introduction of co-articulation in speech synchronization to produce a more realistic animation, and viseme mapping based on the consonant-vowel (CV) syllable pattern in the Indonesian language, resulting in a more specific viseme group, so it supports the development of realistic speech synchronization, next called as Bahasa Speech Sync. Co-articulation calculation is done using Kochanek-Bartels spline interpolation approach which adds tension, bias and continuity parameters, using the 4 control points taken from real human videos, to accommodate the concept of co-articulation. Viseme mapping is done by comparing the difference in distance between the 12 crucial points with a point of reference for each syllable. Based on the results of our proposed viseme grouping procedure, we have simplified the viseme generation from a combination of 21 consonants and 5 vowels into 24 groups of viseme, 18 of which represent the start position while 6 groups represent the and position. Test result of the similarity of the movement between generated animation and real human videos has achieved 89% 'realistic' perception based on our proposed distance criteria. © 2015 IEEE.


Iskandar D.,Pasundan University | Sugandi D.,Pasundan University
International Journal of Conservation Science | Year: 2015

A flood is a disaster with such highly negative impacts on the loss of life and property that it has to be mitigated. In this regard, the present research aims to: measure the rainfall volume that causes flood and analyze the efforts of reducing the flood volume caused by rainfall in the Region of Jakarta. An experimental method was applied to measure rainfall and run-off volumes stored in infiltration wells. The research was conducted in the following stages: analyzing land use and analyzing rainfall and surface runoff volumes. We found that changes in land cover negatively affect the land's ability to absorb rainfall. Land cover formed by vegetation will be different from impermeable land cover, such as houses, offices, pavements, and hotels. To reduce potential flood is achieved by reducing the surface runoff volume. Meanwhile, in order to reduce the runoff volume, an infiltration well that can accommodate 5m3 of water can be constructed for every 100m2 of developed area. With a number of 664,701,800 infiltration wells, as much as 3,323,509m3 of rainfall volume can be collected in those wells. Finally, with these infiltration wells, the Special Capital Region of Jakarta will be free of flood.


Asrah N.M.,University of Technology Malaysia | Djauhari M.A.,Pasundan University
IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management | Year: 2014

Road development is one of the important elements for the overall economic and social development in the world. A better interconnected road network is crucial to increase the economic activities, such as trade. Highway, as the backbone of a country's transportation system, are required to overcome the demand for efficient road transportation. Besides, highway development is part of the government commitment towards the development of road network. In this paper, the network analysis of PLUS highway development was studied. The data used were based on the number of vehicles that entered and exited each toll plazas from Penang to Johor. The relationships between the toll plazas were studied by using minimum spanning trees and the overall centrality measures were used to determine the most influential toll plazas among the states. Based on the results, some recommendations are forwarded to the PLUS highway to improve the services and to increase the traffic efficiency. © 2014 IEEE.


Sagadavan R.,University of Technology Malaysia | Djauhari M.A.,Pasundan University | Mohamad I.,University of Technology Malaysia
IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management | Year: 2014

In statistical process control, monitoring process target is as important as process variability. In multivariate setting, the latter is still in development due to the complexity of multivariate variability measure. That is why the former is more popular than the latter. The most widely used measure of multivariate variability is the so called generalized variance (GV). In order to monitor GV, we need to estimate the population generalized variance and its square. In the literature, those estimates are given based on single sample. Only recently, it has been developed for the case of m independent samples with equal sample size. This motivates us to further develop in this paper for the case of m independent samples with unequal sample sizes which is usually encountered in service industry. An example of GV control charting for unequal sample sizes will be presented to illustrate the advantages of this method of estimation in monitoring the quality of service. © 2014 IEEE.


Iskandar D.A.,Pasundan University
WSEAS Transactions on Power Systems | Year: 2010

From cognitive model approach perspective, a person with major depressive disorder has commonly five depression symptoms i.e. affective, cognitive, motivational, physical and behavioral symptoms. Cognitive model expresses high possible dependency on a person with depression syndrome as one real form of behavioral symptom. High possibility on one person with depressive disorder tends to give him/her high possibility for interpersonal dependency, one dependency one experienced by a person making another person the dependent object. Used research method is qualitative with interview approach equipped with observation method. The population includes people who have been diagnosed for mayor depression by both psychologists and psychiatrist. Sampling has been made using theory based/operation construct in which the sample is selected by certain criteria, based on theory or operational depression construct included into DSM IV TR. There are various interpersonal dependencies on some people with depressive disorder classified into four dimensions, cognitive, motivational, affective and behavioral whereas cognitive and affective dimension have more dominant roles. In addition, there is one extrinsic factor on person with mayor depressive disorder which has role in the process of interpersonal dependency emergence. The factor is parenting style.


Purbasari A.,Pasundan University
2016 6th International Workshop on Computer Science and Engineering, WCSE 2016 | Year: 2016

This research focuses on creating a parallel Clonal Selection Algorithm (CSA), a parallel metaheuristic algorithm that used to solve the multi-Travelling Salesperson Problem (mTSP). CSA is an algorithm based on population and used in computational intelligent, including optimisation problem. After we identify the parallel potential for CSA and we construct a parallel algorithm with MPJExpress, a Message Passing Interface (MPI) library in the Java programming language. This code is verified by experiments with several datasets. We found that best cost will be reduced in line with the number of generation performed. The number of salesperson will improve the best cost achieved. The best cost is obtained with the lowest number of salesperson (2). The number of PEs is not significant in reducing the best cost. The best cost is obtained with the 2 processing elements. The execution time for the parallel version is greater than the serial time. This is because the experiments use the same execution environment. We need to explore other parallel potentials in this algorithm. This paper also shows that the best cost is obtained with the lowest number of salesperson. Furthermore, it is suggested that this proposed algorithm be used for all versions of the Vehicle Routing Problem (VRP) in future research.

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