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Hannover, Germany

Klein E.,Friedrich - Schiller University of Jena | Rocchi M.,University of Bari | Ovens-Raeder A.,Praxis fur Humangenetik | Kosyakova N.,Friedrich - Schiller University of Jena | And 10 more authors.
Cytogenetic and Genome Research | Year: 2012

Since the first report in 1993, an ectopic centromere, i.e. neocentromere formation, has been reported in more than 100 small supernumerary marker chromosomes (sSMC), in 7 instances of centromere repositioning, and in about a dozen cases with more complex chromosomal rearrangements. Here we report 2 new cases with centromere repositioning and 3 neocentric sSMC consisting exclusively of heterochromatic material. Yet, no centromere formation was reported for the regions 18q22.1 and Xq27.1-27.2 as it was observed in the 2 cases with centromere repositioning here; in both cases, cytogenetically an inversion was suggested. Two of the 3 neocentric sSMC were derived from a short arm of an acrocentric chromosome. The remainder neocentric sSMC case was previously reported and was stainable only by material derived from itself. Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG. Source

Kosyakova N.,Friedrich - Schiller University of Jena | Grigorian A.,Friedrich - Schiller University of Jena | Liehr T.,Friedrich - Schiller University of Jena | Manvelyan M.,Friedrich - Schiller University of Jena | And 32 more authors.
Molecular Cytogenetics | Year: 2013

Background: Heterochromatic variants of pericentromere of chromosome 9 are reported and discussed since decades concerning their detailed structure and clinical meaning. However, detailed studies are scarce. Thus, here we provide the largest ever done molecular cytogenetic research based on >300 chromosome 9 heteromorphism carriers. Results: In this study, 334 carriers of heterochromatic variants of chromosome 9 were included, being 192 patients from Western Europe and the remainder from Easter-European origin. A 3-color-fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) probe-set directed against for 9p12 to 9q13∼21.1 (9het-mix) and 8 different locus-specific probes were applied for their characterization. The 9het-mix enables the characterization of 21 of the yet known 24 chromosome 9 heteromorphic patterns. In this study, 17 different variants were detected including five yet unreported; the most frequent were pericentric inversions (49.4%) followed by 9qh-variants (23.9%), variants of 9ph (11.4%), cenh (8.2%), and dicentric- (3.8%) and duplication-variants (3.3%). For reasons of simplicity, a new short nomenclature for the yet reported 24 heteromorphic patterns of chromosome 9 is suggested. Six breakpoints involved in four of the 24 variants could be narrowed down using locus-specific probes. Conclusions: Based on this largest study ever done in carriers of chromosome 9 heteromorphisms, three of the 24 detailed variants were more frequently observed in Western than in Eastern Europe. Besides, there is no clear evidence that infertility is linked to any of the 24 chromosome 9 heteromorphic variants. © 2013 Kosyakova et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

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