Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-07-2014 | Award Amount: 2.02M | Year: 2015
Many low-power devices such as smartphones, tablets, notebooks as well as several other embedded systems cant always cope with the increased demand for processing power, memory and storage required by modern applications in gaming, vision, security, robotics, aerospace, etc. As a result, most such applications are only executed on high-end servers. RAPID tackles this challenge by taking advantage of high-performance accelerators and high-bandwidth networks. Following our approach, compute or storage intensive tasks are seamlessly offloaded from the low-power devices to more powerful heterogeneous accelerators, supporting multiple virtual CPUs and GPUs. We propose, for the first time, a secure unified model where almost any device or infrastructure, ranging from smartphone, notebook, laptop and desktop to private and public cloud can operate as an accelerated entity and/or as an accelerator serving other less powerful devices in a secure way. RAPID offers a registration mechanism, which permits the accelerated entities to automatically find and connect to nearby accelerators with the required resources. Next, a runtime system, running on each such accelerated entity, takes into account several parameters such as the local status, the environmental conditions, the task requirements, and the status of the accelerators it is connected to in order to decide whether local tasks (or incoming tasks if the entity also acts as an accelerator) should be executed locally or remotely. Novel scheduling algorithms, admission control policies, Service Level Agreements and license policies are employed to serve multiple accelerated applications efficiently on heterogeneous cloud infrastructures. An easy-to-use task-based programming model will be defined, while a novel runtime will automatically offload and execute the tasks transparently to the programmer. Within the RAPID project the first public acceleration cloud service will become available and commercially exploitable.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: AAT.2012.3.3-2.;AAT.2012.4.2-4. | Award Amount: 7.46M | Year: 2012
Fuel Systems (FS) are critical for aircraft safety. Fire, ice and system failures are typical safety hazards associated to FS. FS accidents, though only representing 2% of accidents/incidents, continue to be a recurrent concern, especially as: the complexity of FS escalades to cope with increasing needs, including more stringent safety requirements ; flight conditions evolve with new routes at high altitude, crossing the Arctic, and faster climbing and approach; climate changes with more aircraft (A/C) exposed to hazardous weather. Thus, FS have to deal with more extreme temperatures, stronger temperature gradients, more humidity, and more exposure to lightning. In addition, new technologies are emerging: Composite, More Electric and Alternative Fuel, bringing new safety requirements. For example, within the composite A/C environment, systems will be more exposed to lightning and induced arcing. SAFUEL will address the urgent need for European-led research in FS safety to develop the next generation of safer FS also offering the opportunity to reduce the current over-dependence on patented US technology. SAFUEL will develop: -the new FS design, meeting the severe safety constraints of Composite and More-Electric A/C and evolving flight conditions -a range of highly innovative prototypes, adequate testing and simulation tools to allow regulators to assess the safety of future FS as well as providing the necessary data to support authorities in rules and regulations for safe flight in icing conditions. The project will also significantly improve the compliancy of the FS with evolving flight conditions and emerging technologies, enabling perfect emergence of Composite A/C. By achieving these objectives, SAFUEL will reduce the rate of accidents/incidents related to FS from the current 2% to 0.4% instead of witnessing an increase. SAFUEL brings together a consortium of best-of-breed experts from academia and industry-from components to airframer. It will last 3 years.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: EE-12-2014 | Award Amount: 1.09M | Year: 2015
The EUFORIE project studies energy efficiency at macro level (EU as a whole and comprison to China), national level (EU-28 Member States), sectoral/company level (selected energy-intensive sectors and companies) and household level, taking into account the perspectives of energy production and consumption. The project uses also participatory foresight workshops to provide new information for energy policy preparation in selected EU Member States. The project has nine Work Packages, the Research/Innovation WPs focus on (1) macro-level analysis on energy efficiency (EU as a Whole and EU-28 Member States; WP2), (2) regional and sectoral case studies on energy efficiency (WP3), and (3) energy efficiency metabolism in socio-economic systems (WP4) by using innovative analysis tools developed by the EUFORIE consortium beneficiaries in previous projects financed by the EuropeanCommisson. Moreover, the project analyses energy efficiency from the consumer perspective (WP5) and energy efficiency development in selected energy-intensive companies by using the previously developed analysis tools (WP6). Last but not least, the project implements a participatory foresight process for energy efficiency stakeholders in selected countries (WP7) and a comparison of energy efficiency in the EU and China (WP8).
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2012-IRSES | Award Amount: 205.80K | Year: 2013
In the last 30 years the financial systems have grown enormously: new financial instruments have been introduced, intermediaries have expanded their activity well beyond their possibility, exposure to risk has increased almost in every country. The effect of this anomalous expansion of the financial system has been an increase in the perceived systemic risk and more instability. Because of this, finance seems to have become suddenly dangerous and detrimental for growth. And despite the large body of past evidences, many have started to argue that financial development is no longer a positive factor for capital accumulation. Though it is hard to conceive a radical change in the established theory which has highlighted the benefits for the economy accruing from a developed financial system, these events have put forward the need to redefine the role of finance and financial innovation in allocating real resources. By pivoting on four main issues, the objective of the research is indeed to provide an answer to crucial questions that have emerged from recent event: 1. Inequality: The increase in inequality in many countries is thought to have been caused by an abnormal increase in the financial sector. Does finance exacerbate income inequality? To what extent? Or rather easy access to credit reduces poverty, as it has been argued by orthodox theory? 2. Inefficiency: By favoring some industries and sectors more than others, does an excess of growth in the financial system cause misallocation of resources? Does financial growth cause an excess in public spending? 3. Instability: Does the abnormal growth of the financial sector cause instability? Is this instability amplified in a monetary union? Can more stringent regulation and stronger coordination reduce the impact of financial cycle on the economy? 4. Growth and Development: Is finance and financial development really good for growth? To what extent financial development can spur growth and capital accumulation?
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: MC-IRSES | Phase: FP7-PEOPLE-2010-IRSES | Award Amount: 161.50K | Year: 2012
In recent decades, global and European policy makers have been very slow in recognising youth unemployment and underemployment as a priority challenge requiring decisive policy responses. While an urgent concern at the global level, youth employment is not only an issue for developing countries: in recent decades, both developed countries and countries in transition have seen their labour markets incapable of integrating newcomers. Youth unemployment is nowadays a crucial issue in the EU policy agenda. Several policy instruments have been designed to improve the labour market integration of young people. Up to now, the situation of youth in employment has not substantially improved. At the European Union (EU) level, the biggest challenge is to significantly increase participation rates in employment so as to limit, as much as possible, the effects of an ageing population, and overcome the negative economic consequences of a declining European labour force from 2010 onwards. Moreover, these structural features of the unemployment in EU and Eastern Europe have been exacerbated by the recent recession following the international financial crisis. Many young people involved in temporary work will most likely loose their jobs due to the fact that labour market reforms have been implemented in most countries looking at flexibility side only (and not also at the security side). This poses several policy questions: 1. How policy intervention might prevent some particularly weak young people to fall into long-term unemployment or temporary work experiences? 2. Is the springboard effect of temporary work contracts universal or is it linked to particular contractual conditions, such as type and length? 3. Which kind of labour active policy programmes or passive income support schemes should be implemented in order to reduce youth unemployment? This project tries to answer these questions with an in-depth and systematic investigation in several directions.
Pierini S.,Parthenope University of Naples
Journal of Physical Oceanography | Year: 2011
In this paper, a low-order spectral quasigeostrophic (QG) model of the wind-driven ocean circulation is derived and used to analyze the low-order character of the intrinsic low-frequency variability of the midlatitude double-gyre ocean circulation and of the related coherence resonance and phase selection phenomena. The model includes an exponential in the basis functions that allows for westward intensification, retains only four modes in the Galerkin projection, is defined in a rectangular domain, and is forced by deterministic and stochastic winds, thus extending previous low-order QG ocean models. The solution under steady forcing is first obtained, and the results are also analyzed in terms of dynamical systems theory. A homoclinic bifurcation (with the wind amplitude chosen as the control parameter) leads to intrinsic decadal relaxation oscillations (ROs) similar in several respects to those obtained with primitive equation models. The system is then forced with an additional red noise wind, and, in a parameter range preceding the global bifurcation, a coherence resonance scenario very similar to the one found with a primitive equation model of the Kuroshio Extension is obtained: this suggests that such a phenomenon is of low-order character. To study the RO excitation mechanism, a method denoted as phase selection is proposed. The system is forced with additional fictitious periodic winds that produce an emergence of ROs yielding strong phase dependence with the periodic forcing. The subsequent analysis reveals the character of the wind forcing that is most likely to excite a RO. All the results are discussed within the general framework of climate dynamics. © 2011 American Meteorological Society.
Pierini S.,Parthenope University of Naples
Journal of Climate | Year: 2014
A previous North Pacific Ocean circulation model forced by climatological winds is extended here to include a time-dependent North Pacific Oscillation (NPO) forcing. The Kuroshio Extension (KE) decadal bimodal cycle (which is a self-sustained intrinsic relaxation oscillation in the climatologically forced case) is now excited by the NPO forcing. Both the timing of the cycles and the Rossby wave teleconnection mechanism that is found to govern the synchronization from 1993 to 2012 are in good agreement with altimeter observations. Sensitivity numerical experiments are carried out by varying the zonal location and amplitude of the NPO forcing, and the lateral eddy viscosity. The emergence of the KE bimodality with a correct timing is found to be extremely sensitive to changes in the dissipative parameterization; the implications of such sensitivity for deficiencies found in more realistic North Pacific Ocean general circulation models are discussed. The dynamical mechanism that emerges from this study is explained as a case of intrinsic variability in an excitable dynamical system triggered, and therefore paced, by an external forcing. © 2014 American Meteorological Society.
Pierini S.,Parthenope University of Naples
Journal of Physical Oceanography | Year: 2010
The effect of stochastic winds on the intrinsic low-frequency variability of the Kuroshio Extension (KE) is analyzed through a double-gyre (DG)model forced by a steady climatological wind plus an idealized Ornstein-Uhlenbeck wind noise. A DG model of the KE bimodality, whose results compare well to altimeter data, is first shown to be an excitable system. In fact, the relaxation oscillation (forced by steady winds) with decadal time scale that describes the bimodality is recognized to be an internal mode of the system, which can be excited also in a dissipative parameter range (PR) in which it does not arise spontaneously, provided appropriate initial conditions are chosen. It is then shown that, if the additive wind noise is included in the forcing, the actual excitation of the relaxation oscillation in PR occurs if the noise is red with a decorrelation time greater than a minimum time scale ranging from 1 month to 1 year, depending on the dissipation. This behavior, known as "coherence resonance," is likely to be paradigmatic of the low-frequency variability of western boundary current extensions of intrinsic origin, when it is in the form of relaxation oscillations resulting from a homoclinic bifurcation. General considerations concerning the interpretation of model results obtained within different parameter ranges are applied to this study. © 2010 American Meteorological Society.
Raiola G.,Parthenope University of Naples
Sport Science | Year: 2015
In Italian the term integration has always been used with the meaning of “mutual integration”, that is the arrangement of the individual and of the context; The term inclusion does not seem to add anything that is not already present in the term integration. Different is what happens in the English language, as the term integratio seems to have lost some of its original meaning, being replaced by the term inclusion or inclusive to underline the mutual arrangement between individual with disabilities and context. Finally, in Italian it seems correct to use both terms, integration and the Anglicism inclusion, explaining that it refers to processes that involve changes in both people with disabilities both in the context of membership. The concept of integration has to be born by the transition from the focus of the stereotype that regards disability, to the eye than able to meet each other in all its diversity and complexity. Today, thousands of disabled people live a life the same way as able-bodied, the "normality" of disability in the social, cultural, business and sports is more of a reality, but this is due to the fact that these people have, throughout their life, met a context able to promote and enhance the differences. Each sports, as a chance for growth, represents a gratifying activities which that conveys to people with disabilities a sense of well-being that helps them, sometimes, to overcome their limitations; it helps to develop the process of autonomy, as part of the process of social integration by proposing relationships with friends, adults, educators, athletes, disabled or not. The dance sport strongly embraces this latter perspective, as being a sport with the characteristic of the group, fully enclosing the objective of promoting social integration as an opportunity for personal growth and social inclusion of people with disabilities and not only. Dancing is not exhibitionism or race to show the perfection of a technique or of a body, dancing is an art, is a manifestation of one's inner being, it is the joy of acceptance of one's own limits, of creativity, it is the expression that will take you to another and to the group. Aim is to test the term of inclusion and integration in dance sport and how the athlete think about the phenomenon. © 2015, Univerzitet u Travniku. All rights reserved.
Napolitano A.,Parthenope University of Naples
IEEE Signal Processing Magazine | Year: 2013
The relative motion between transmitter and receiver introduces nonstationarity to stationary signals and modifies the nonstationarity of nonstationary signals. Several Doppler channel models of interest transform almost-cyclostationary (ACS) processes, which are an appropriate nonstationary model for modulated signals adopted in communications, radar, sonar, and telemetry, into generalized ACS (GACS) processes or spectrally correlated (SC) processes. Both classes of processes include the ACS processes as special cases. A review of these new classes of nonstationary processes is presented. The problems of probabilistic characterization, statistical function estimation, and determining the effects of time-sampling on these models are addressed. The impact of these models on signal detection and source location problems is discussed. © 1991-2012 IEEE.