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Rondonópolis, Brazil

Mental Health, in the form of the Psychiatric Reform, and the Anti-Asylum Movement do not ignore the production of knowledge about that field, mainly due to the consolidation of Public Health as a field of knowledge. The article explores some authors who consider Mental Health as a new field of knowledge, introducing a new paradigm in the perception of health - Disease and Care -; however, the goal is to introduce Psychosocial Care as a means to enforce the transdisciplinary and multiprofessional practices. The possibility is that mental health produces developments in Health, consolidating the public policies. In practice, the hospital-centered and drug-based model still predominates, and there are setbacks to be overcome by taking advantage of loopholes capable of breaking with what is instituted.


Corguinha A.P.B.,Federal University of Lavras | Goncalves V.C.,Federal University of Lavras | de Souza G.A.,Federal University of Lavras | de Lima W.E.A.,Federal University of Lavras | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Food Composition and Analysis | Year: 2012

While it has been claimed that phosphate (P) fertilizers are essential for agriculture production, there is considerable debate regarding the safety of the cadmium (Cd) added to the soil in such fertilizers. Cadmium intake is a major concern in health risk assessments, and food ingestion represents a relevant route of exposure. Although the addition of P fertilizers might increase Cd contents in soils, its transfer to plants varies according to the management system. This work evaluated the Cd contents in potato cultivars receiving up to 560kgP 2O 5ha -1 and in soybeans cultivated under different management systems in soils with records of long-term applications of high doses of P fertilizers. Most of the Cd remained in the potato peels (23-781μgkg -1 dry weight - DW) rather than in the tuber (14-43μgkg -1DW), and its values varied among cultivars and different areas. For soybeans, the Cd grain contents varied from 10 to 30μgkg -1DW for the experiment with crop rotation and 23-38μgkg -1DW in the soils receiving different liming rates. All the Cd contents found for the studied crops are in accordance with the Codex Alimentarius guidelines. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.


Kappes C.,Parque Universitario | Arf O.,Sao Paulo State University | Andrade J.A.C.,Sao Paulo State University
Revista Brasileira de Ciencia do Solo | Year: 2013

Research has investigated the best nitrogen rate for maize under the most diverse types of soil management. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of cover crops, soil management and topdressed N rates on the dry matter production, nutritional status, plant lodging, plant height and first-ear insertion of maize. Field experiments were carried out in Selvíria, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil, in the growing seasons of 2009/2010 and 2010/2011, on a clayey Rhodic Haplustox (20° 20' S and 51° 24' W, at 340 m asl). Thirty-six treatments were established with four replications, in a randomized blocks design, to test combinations of cover crops (millet, Crotalaria juncea and millet + Crotalaria juncea), soil management (tillage with chisel plow + lightweight disking, heavy disking + lightweight disking, and no-tillage system) and N rates (0, 60, 90 e 120 kg ha-1 - urea as source). The maize hybrid DKB 350 YG® was used and topdressing N applied at stage V5 (fifth expanded leaf). Previously grown sunn hemp and millet + sunn hemp resulted in a higher shoot dry matter, P leaf content and total N, P and K uptake. In the no-tillage system, the initial and final population and shoot dry were highest, and first-ear insertion and plant height lower. The application of 120 kg ha-1 topdressed N increased the P leaf content, N and P in the entire plant, shoot dry matter, total N, P and K uptake, plant height, and the first-ear insertion of maize.


Kappes C.,Parque Universitario | Arf O.,Sao Paulo State University | Andrade J.A.C.,Sao Paulo State University
Revista Brasileira de Ciencia do Solo | Year: 2013

Research has been conducted to identify the best nitrogen (N) rate for maize in most diverse types of soil management. However, there is no agreement on the results, once the dynamic of N is influenced by soil management and cover crops. This study evaluated dry mass production and nutrient uptake by cover crops, agronomic parameters and grain yield of maize in response to soil management and N rates. Field trials were carried out in Selvíria, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil, in the growing seasons of 2009/2010 and 2010/2011, on a clayey Rhodic Haplustox (20° 20' S and 51° 24' W, 340 m asl). Thirty-six treatments were established with four replications, in a randomized blocks design, with the combination of cover crops (millet, Crotalaria juncea and millet + Crotalaria juncea), soil management systems (tillage with chisel plow + lightweight disking, heavy disking + lightweight disking, and no-tillage) and topdressing N rates (0, 60, 90 e 120 kg ha-1 - urea as source). Maize hybrid DKB 350 YG® was used and N applied at stage V5 (fifth expanded leaf). A linear increase with the increase of N rates was observed for chlorophyll leaf index, leaf N content, ear length and diameter, and grain weight and yield. Previously grown sunn hemp and millet + sunn hemp grown, associated with 120 kg ha-1 N for maize, induced a higher grain yield after two growing seasons.


Da Silva V.P.,Mato Grosso State University | Pereira M.J.B.,Mato Grosso State University | Vivan L.M.,Parque Universitario | Blassioli-Moraes M.C.,Embrapa Recursos Geneticos e Biotecnologia | And 2 more authors.
Pesquisa Agropecuaria Brasileira | Year: 2014

The objective of this work was to evaluate the efficiency of rubber septum and lure formulations of the brown stink bug Euschistus heros sex pheromone and to compare it with the shake cloth method for monitoring this pest in soybean fields. The treatments were: pheromone in rubber septum, pheromone in lure, and sampling with shake cloth. Samples were taken weekly during the soybean reproductive stage (ten weeks). To estimate bug population density and compare it with the capture in pheromone traps, four shake clothes per week were carried out in all plots; in addition, the number of bugs captured in traps was determined weekly. Damage caused by bugs in seeds was evaluated using the tetrazolium test. Pheromone formulations were effective in capturing E. heros, and the lure formulation captured more bugs. Early population control, indicated by the level of control in the pheromone traps, resulted in seeds with higher quality than those from plots monitored with shake cloth. Therefore, pheromone traps are more efficient than the shake cloth for monitoring stink bug populations during the critical phase of the bug attack in soybean fields.

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