Paris-Sorbonne University

www.paris-sorbonne.fr
Paris, France

Paris-Sorbonne University , is a public research university in Paris, France. It was established in 1970 after the division of the University of Paris, the world's second oldest academic institution founded in the 12th century, following the cultural revolution of French May 1968. Paris-Sorbonne University is one of the inheritors of the former Humanities and Languages faculties of the University of Paris.The university is ranked 227 in the world by the 2014 QS World University Rankings. According to the QS Ranking, Paris-Sorbonne University is positioned as the second university for Arts and Humanities in France. The international approach and the quality of its teachers is recognized worldwide, with the university having the overall highest reputation of all academic institutions in France, according to The Times Higher Education.The university enrolls about 24,000 students composed of 20 departments specializing in arts, humanities and languages, divided in 12 campuses in Paris. Seven of the campuses are situated in the historic Latin Quarter, including the historic Sorbonne university building, and three in Marais, Malesherbes and Clignancourt respectively. Paris-Sorbonne also houses France's prestigious communication and journalism school, CELSA, located in the Parisian suburb of Neuilly-sur-Seine, maintains about 400 international agreements, and is a founding member of Sorbonne Universities. Wikipedia.

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Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: REFLECTIVE-9-2014 | Award Amount: 1.04M | Year: 2015

Through a comprehensive perspective that includes the most relevant social and political connections, the project aims to address the proposed topic from a double standpoint, namely, an analytical as well as a public policy perspective. We start from the idea that since the second half of the last century culture has experienced a profound mutation, through which its position and role in the social dynamics have been transformed. Whereas it was previously confined to a purely superstructural position, it now constitutes an essential basis of todays society. In the context of cultural digitization and globalization the entire cultural ecosystem has changed, which has radically altered - and at the same time, intensified - the relationship between cultural identity, cultural heritage and cultural expression. This transformation has occurred both at the level of the professional cultural sector as well as in society as a whole. The new challenges and the new potential of culture, where these three pillars - cultural identity, cultural heritage and cultural expression - intertwine, will be considered in the work of the platform along three axes: 1. Cultural memory 2. Cultural inclusion 3. Cultural creativity These are designed to research debates relating to heritage in the institutions and practices of cultural memory; how the focus on diversity and inclusion impacts on the practices of memory institutions, including on stakeholders and networks; what this reconfiguration contributes to new or post-national oriented narratives about identity and European values; and how heritage, cultural diversity and creativity relate in the context of huge cultural transformations such as the ones represented by digitization and cultural globalization.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-EJD | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2016 | Award Amount: 3.86M | Year: 2017

Expectations play a crucial role in determining the behaviour of many economic decision makers. The recent financial and economic crisis has highlighted the importance of expectation dynamics for economic development, the success of firm strategies and public policies. The Innovative Training Network ExSIDE aims at improving our understanding of the role of expectation formation and social influence for economic dynamics and for the optimal design of economic policy. This agenda will be pursued by combining an interdisciplinary research agenda with an innovative European joint doctoral training programme, which provides Early Stage Researchers with a broad range of expertise and skills needed for a thorough analysis of expectation formation processes and their role in Economics. Both the research projects and the training activities will combine work in Behavioural Economics, Psychoanalysis, Opinion Formation, Network Theory, Agent-based Simulation and Economic Modelling in different areas. The academic training will be complemented by extensive Transferable Skills Training Measures, Inter-Sectoral Training Measures, provided by non-academic partners, and Career Development Training. Interaction with stakeholders, policy makers and the general public will play an important role in pursuing the ExSIDE agenda and disseminating the results. The ExSIDE consortium consists of eight leading European universities and nine non-academic partners. Each Early Stage Researcher will be hosted by two universities, has a secondment with a non-academic partner and will graduate with a joint or double degree. The research and training in ExSIDE will ensure world-wide employability of the ExSIDE graduates inside and outside academia and will also boost the ability of European institutions and companies to develop efficient policies and strategies. ExSIDE will reinforce the establishment and long term sustainability of structured European joint doctoral programmes in Economics.


Douven I.,Paris-Sorbonne University
Cognition | Year: 2016

This paper is concerned with a version of Kamp and Partee's account of graded membership that relies on the conceptual spaces framework. Three studies are reported, one to construct a particular shape space, one to detect which shapes representable in that space are typical for certain sorts of objects, and one to elicit degrees of category membership for the various shapes from which the shape space was constructed. Taking Kamp and Partee's proposal as given, the first two studies allowed us to predict the degrees to which people would judge shapes representable in the space to be members of certain categories. These predictions were compared with the degrees that were measured in the third study. The comparison yielded a test of the account of graded membership at issue. The outcome of this test was found to support the conceptual spaces version of Kamp and Partee's account of graded membership. © 2016 Elsevier B.V..


Fensterbank L.,Paris-Sorbonne University | Malacria M.,Paris-Sorbonne University
Accounts of Chemical Research | Year: 2014

Over the last two decades, electrophilic catalysis relying on platinum(II), gold(I), and gold(III) salts has emerged as a remarkable synthetic methodology. Chemists have discovered a large variety of organic transformations that convert a great assortment of highly functionalized precursors into valuable final products. In many cases, these methodologies offer unique features, allowing access to unprecedented molecular architectures. Due to the mild reaction conditions and high function compatibility, scientists have successfully developed applications in total synthesis of natural products, as well as in asymmetric catalysis. In addition, all these developments have been accompanied by the invention of well-tailored catalysts, so that a palette of different electrophilic agents is now commercially available or readily synthesized at the bench.In some respects, researchers' interests in developing homogeneous gold catalysis can be compared with the Californian gold rush of the 19th century. It has attracted into its fervor thousands of scientists, providing a huge number of versatile and important reports. More notably, it is clear that the contribution to the art of organic synthesis is very valuable, though the quest is not over yet. Because they rely on the intervention of previously unknown types of intermediates, new retrosynthetic disconnections are now possible.In this Account, we discuss our efforts on the use of readily available polyunsaturated precursors, such as enynes, dienynes, allenynes, and allenenes to give access to highly original polycyclic structures in a single operation. These transformations transit via previously undescribed intermediates A, B, D, F, and H that will be encountered later on. All these intermediates have been determined by both ourselves and others by DFT calculations and in some cases have been confirmed on the basis of experimental data. In addition, dual gold activation can be at work in some of these transformations, for instance, from E to F.Strikingly, we have found propargyl acetates to be particularly productive precursors. In a preliminary step upon electrophilic activation (complex I), they can lead to oxonium J or a vinylcarbenoid species K after 1,2-migration or complexed allenylester M from a formal 1,3-migration. All of them can serve as versatile entries for multievent processes. The propargyl cycle, sometimes called the golden carousel, involves species I-N), which lie in a close equilibrium. The control of this merry-go-round and its offshoots depends on the energy barriers associated with the subsequent reactions of these intermediates.We illustrate these themes in this Account, focusing on the intriguing characteristics of gold catalysis. © 2014 American Chemical Society.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-IF-EF-ST | Phase: MSCA-IF-2015-EF | Award Amount: 173.08K | Year: 2016

This proposal is designed to study the circulation of ancient construction knowledge in the Mediterranean through an innovative and multidisciplinary approach to the analysis of built heritage. Particular attention will be given to the study of a specific construction technique, the arch, and how it influenced the types and techniques of architectural construction between the 2nd and 8th centuries AD, starting in the territories of the Southern Hawrn (nowadays Jordan and Syria), where the Hellenistic-Nabataean, Roman-Byzantine, Parthian-Sasanian and early Islamic architectural cultures met and influenced each other. In this fertile basin of local experiences, new building techniques and architectural typologies developed and from there spread throughout the Mediterranean basin. The transdisciplinary approach of the project will also allow an in-depth and innovative study of the phenomena behind the ancient construction processes, in terms of relationships between commissioners and workers, workforce and the specific construction techniques employed. The application of new digital technologies will be fundamental for the success of the project; in particular, a web-based GIS will be implemented to record the vertical surfaces, and an operational protocol for three-dimensional architectural survey will be developed, via which photographic-quality virtual reconstructions of built heritage will be generated by integrating digital photogrammetry and laser scanner. New technologies will also play a fundamental role in the presentation and diffusion of the data thanks to a fully open-access philosophy in which the results will be made available not only to the scientific community but also to the general public. Conceived as such, the project will be fundamental for both the proposer and the host institution, and it will contribute concretely to European excellence and competitiveness in the creation of a common, current and widespread Euro-Mediterranean culture.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-IF-EF-ST | Phase: MSCA-IF-2014-EF | Award Amount: 173.08K | Year: 2015

The cultural and artistic expressions of Black minorities are still unknown, devalued, and understudied in France today where exclusion and discrimination keep growing. Therefore it is urgent to analyze and recognize the work of African and Caribbean dramatists who embody the diversity and multiculturalism of our global contemporary world. The goal of FACT (Francophone African & Caribbean Theaters) is to revisit the history of Francophone Black theaters born out of the brutal encounter of Europe, Africa and the Americas, and to evaluate the effects of colonialism and postcolonialism on contemporary France. This colonial legacy is still denied today although being an integral part of the French national history. As a specialist of Caribbean theater, I will join the Theater studies Department at the University Sorbonne Nouvelle to collaborate with Professor Chalaye, specialist of African drama, to examine plays written by dramatists from Africa and the Caribbean from the 1960s to date. We intend to show that migrations that followed decolonization have transformed, nourished and enriched the French nation. We also want to challenge not only stereotypes and prejudices against Black minorities, but also the conception of a homogeneous unique French identity. FACT will contribute to make Francophone African and Caribbean drama more visible in the field by creating a database of texts and audio/videorecordings and by developing a postcolonial analysis of the materials. The outcome of FACT will create awareness among the general public of the reality of a multi-racial and multi-cultural nation born of a shared colonial history with the ultimate goal to encourage French and European citizens to lose their fears of the Other, to be opened to the difference, and to welcome and celebrate the diversity of Europe.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-IF-EF-ST | Phase: MSCA-IF-2014-EF | Award Amount: 185.08K | Year: 2015

The research project Literature against anti-Semitisme (1940-1944). French and Soviet emigr writers in France against the persecution of the Jews aims at investigating the views which writers had of the persecution of the Jews in Occupied France. More exactly, it aims at approaching the texts of the writers who reacted to the injustices suffered by the Jews who became exiles and were hunted down as Others, before being simply eliminated. In this context, we intend to study various works of fiction (stories, novels, poetry) in which the question of the persecution of the Jews is at stake. The project is defined by two axes: (1) the French writers who raised their voices against the persecutions of which the Jews were victims in France, (2) migr writers from Central and Oriental Europe (Russian, Russian-language, Georgian) who lived in France during the Occupation and who also stood up against these injustices. Two circumstances which are specific to France have to be taken in account. Firstly, the persecution of the Jews in France implemented by the Vichy government during the Occupation needs to be understood in the context of a national/local anti-Semitic policy the roots of which are to be found in the pre-war society. Secondly, the public role of the writers was more important compared to other countries. If many of them had raised their voices against the events unfolding in Europe, this voice is acquiring a decisive importance in the shaping of public opinion. In approaching the problem of resistance in France to the Nazi occupiers, it would be necessary to consider the flows of immigration affecting the country in the twenties and thirties, when a large number of intellectuals and writers arrived from Central and Eastern Europe and took part in French cultural and public life, among other things by sharing its opposition to the rise of Nazism in Europe.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-IF-EF-ST | Phase: MSCA-IF-2015-EF | Award Amount: 173.08K | Year: 2016

The present paradigm on wine history states that viticulture is originated in the Near East and that Europes wine culture is a Greek and Roman heritage. The Egyptian wine culture is one of the worlds most ancients, however, the extensive archaeological evidences have not been fully investigated. Based on Dr. Guaschs previous research, EGYWINE will collect and document evidences (pottery and organic material) for the entire process of grape cultivation and wine production in Egypt interrelating various scientific disciplines (archaeology, paleogenomics, history and semantics). EGYWINE seeks to understand the Egyptian footprint on the wine culture history. Specifically, its aims are to: 1) Identify what is linked with wine from the Predynastic (3800-3300 BC) to the New Kingdom Period (1550-1069 BC) 2) Study the Ancient Egyptian wine jars 3) Analyze ancient wine residues from pharaonic Egypt through paleogenomics, which offer multiple perspectives of study: (i) vine genome evolution since its initial domestication; (ii) fermentation yeasts evolution; (iii) wine making process evolution, through a metagenomic analysis of the multiple microorganisms used during, or along, the wine making process. EGYWINE project will be performed at Paris-Sorbonne UMR8167 (Orient et Mditerrane) and a six-months secondment at MontpellierSupAgro-INRA (UMR1334 Amlioration Gntique et Adaptation des Plantes). The aDNA extraction will be performed at Epigenome and paleogenome lab of the Institut Jacques Monod (UMR7592) in Paris and the typology wine jars study at the IFAO in Cairo. The research and training profile of these units fits all the objectives included into EGYWINE project (scientific research, training and personal career). The fellowship will strengthen the multidisciplinary research profile of Dr. Guasch, who will benefit from the excellent methodological expertise of Prof. Tallet, and Prof. Boursiquot, and additional training and support from IFAO and IJM partners.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-IF-EF-ST | Phase: MSCA-IF-2015-EF | Award Amount: 173.08K | Year: 2016

Social critics have observed how, since the 1970s, many forms of work have become increasingly redundant due to technological advances. At the same time, Europe has witnessed economic crises, financialization, growing inequality and debt, yet also responses to these phenomena in, for example, movements advocating debt relief and a citizens basic income. These issues have become particularly acute in the wake of the 2008 financial crisis. In France since the crisis there has been an increase in rhetoric surrounding the notion of work as well as many films engaging with this issue. My project will investigate the contemporary French critique of economy and how film and other audio-visual media have been used to communicate that critique. Responses to the crisis by intellectuals and filmmakers often involve a reconceptualization of work. A key focus will be to investigate the communicability of complex philosophical, economic and sociological ideas through films and other audio-visual media. This will encompass the appearance of intellectuals and their ideas in such forms as documentary, fiction, art film and satire, but also the use of online pedagogical videos by such individuals. Setting such ideas and media in their social, political and historical context, I will also report findings on the reception of these phenomena. While previous research on work in film has tended to focus on industrial labour, I want to make an intervention in the field by looking at contemporary forms of work, especially that of the financial sector which generally remains hidden from public view. I will develop my skills at the host institution, where cutting-edge academic work on film is being conducted, while France more generally is the site of the texts I shall study and whose authors I hope to interview. Outputs will include screenings, seminars, journal articles and a conference. These will galvanize interest and help improve understanding of an urgent problem affecting Europe.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: ERC-ADG | Phase: ERC-ADG-2014 | Award Amount: 2.50M | Year: 2016

Each year, civil wars cause hundreds of thousands of deaths, millions of refugees, ecological disruptions, regional instability. These conflicts encompass many players and their effects are felt not only at the regional level but also within Western societies (refugees, terrorism, sectarian tensions). Despite this, no systematic comparison of civil wars have been conducted using a qualitative method. Social scientists are struggling to understand these breakdowns of the social order, which are fertile from a theoretical perspective because they de-trivialize the social functioning. In civil war, the partial or total institutional collapse marks the end of the (imperfect) monopoly of the state with regards to violence and justice, challenges the social and ethnic hierarchies and also provokes fluctuation of the economic and social capital. Accordingly, we will address three questions. First, the sudden and non-anticipated reconfiguration of modes of accumulation and conversion of capitals and the relationship between social fields. Next, the formation of competing institutions by politico-military movements involved in the construction of an alternative political order. Finally, individual adaptations to risks and uncertainty affecting the ability of actors to anticipate the consequences of their actions and reassess their own values and engagement. The implementation of this program of comparative sociology of civil wars will draw on extensive fieldwork. This requires an adapted methodology for researchers faced with unpredictable situations, where quantitative methods fall short. Prosopography, semi- or unstructured interviews and participant observation are therefore prioritised. The creation of an interdisciplinary team of sociologists, political scientists and anthropologists will be able to carry out research based on thick description, following 25 years of experience by the PI in collecting data and supervising researchers in areas afflicted by civi

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