News Article | May 26, 2017
"When you look through the Magnum archive, you cannot help but feel a mixture of jubilation and vertigo. The vast collection of images and information amassed over the seven decades since the creation of the cooperative—the great events of the day, together with the commonplace facts and deeds of everyday life, the laughter, the violence, moments of magic or of symbolic significance, and even representations of abstract thought—potentially it contains all the histories of the world," says Chéroux. "Magnum Manifesto points to how vast the exploitable fields covered by the collection are. It offers a small reconstruction of the entire range of human experience and shows that Magnum is a world in itself." The exhibition is organized into three main parts: Magnum Manifesto features group and individual projects and includes more than 250 prints and 300 projected photographs, as well as more than 130 objects—books, magazines, videos, and rarely-seen archival documents. Among many others, it incorporates the work of Christopher Anderson, Jonas Bendiksen, Henri Cartier-Bresson, Cornell and Robert Capa, Chim, Raymond Depardon, Bieke Depoorter, Elliott Erwitt, Martine Franck, Leonard Freed, Paul Fusco, Cristina Garcia Rodero, Burt Glinn, Jim Goldberg, Joseph Koudelka, Sergio Larrain, Susan Meiselas, Wayne Miller, Martin Parr, Marc Riboud, Alessandra Sanguinetti, Eugene W. Smith, Alec Soth, Chris Steele-Perkins, Dennis Stock, Mikhael Subotzky, and Alex Webb. The exhibition is a co-production between ICP and Magnum Photos. The accompanying catalogue, published by Thames & Hudson, showcases more than 510 photographs (230 in color) and features essays by Chéroux and Bouveresse as well as a timeline of Magnum Photos' history. Also on view as of May 26, to coincide with the opening of Magnum Manifesto, is Unwavering Vision #2—the latest incarnation of the interactive multimedia installation by Alan Govenar, Jean-Michel Sanchez, and Julien Roger, produced by Documentary Arts in association with on-situ. Installed in the free public space at the ICP Museum, the engaging piece now offers a specially designed filter to look at 1485 Magnum images from ICP's permanent collection. This multimedia installation builds on Unwavering Vision #1 and includes 3668 images of social change, as well as new audio segments, videos, and biographies. Clément Chéroux is a photo-historian with a Ph.D in art history. Since January 2017, he has been the senior curator for photography at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. From 2007 to 2016, he was curator and then chief curator for photography at the Centre Pompidou in Paris. As an author or editor, he has published thirty books about photography, including L'Expérience photographique d'August Strindberg (1994), Fautographie, petite histoire de l'erreur photographique (2003), Diplopie, l'image photographique à l'ère des médias globalisés : essai sur le 11 septembre 2001 (2009), Vernaculaires, essais d'histoire de la photographie (2013), and Avant l'avant-garde, du jeu en photographie (2015). He has curated over thirty exhibitions, including Mémoire des camps. Photographies des camps de concentration et d'extermination nazis, 1933–1999 (2001), The Perfect Medium. Photography and the Occult (2004), La Subversion des images : surréalisme, photographie, film (2009), Shoot! Existential Photography (2010), Henri Cartier-Bresson (2014), Paparazzi ! Photographes, stars et artistes (2014), and Walker Evans (2017). Clara Bouveresse is a photography historian. She holds a Ph.D in art history from Paris 1 Panthéon–Sorbonne University. Her doctoral thesis explored the evolution of Magnum Photos since its creation in 1947. She is the author of Histoire de l'agence Magnum (Flammarion) and co-author of Magnum Manifesto (Thames & Hudson). From 2014 to 2015, she was a Georges Lurcy fellow at Columbia University, New York. Pauline Vermare is an associate curator at the International Center of Photography, New York (ICP). Before joining ICP, Pauline worked at MoMA on the exhibition and publication Henri Cartier-Bresson: The Modern Century. From 2003 to 2009, she was the head of communications and exhibitions production at the Henri Cartier-Bresson Foundation in Paris. From 2001 to 2002, she worked at Magnum Photos' Paris office. As a curator, Pauline has been part of ICP's exhibition department since 2010 and worked on the production of numerous ICP shows and publications, including The Mexican Suitcase, Elliott Erwitt: Personal Best, Christer Strömholm: Les Amies de Place Blanche, Sebastião Salgado: Genesis, Capa in Color, ¡CUBA, CUBA!, and Public, Private, Secret. She holds a Masters of International Relations from the Paris Institute of Political Studies (Sciences Po) and a Masters in Japanese Language and Civilization (Langues'O). In 1947, four photographers, Robert Capa, Henri Cartier-Bresson, George Rodger, and David "Chim" Seymour, toasted the founding of what would become the world's most influential artist collective over a celebratory magnum of champagne in the Museum of Modern Art, New York City. Over the past 70 years, 92 photographers have contributed to the story of Magnum, and today 49 photographer members continue to chronicle the world, interpreting its people, events, and issues through visual storytelling. Magnum Photos remains an artists' cooperative of great diversity and distinction, owned by its photographer members, and it represents some of the world's most renowned photographers, maintaining its founding ideals and idiosyncratic mix of journalist, artist, and storyteller. The International Center of Photography (ICP) is the world's leading institution dedicated to photography and visual culture. Cornell Capa founded ICP in 1974 to preserve the legacy of "concerned photography"—the creation of socially and politically minded images that have the potential to educate and change the world—and the center's mission endures today, even as the photographic medium and imagemaking practices have evolved. Through its exhibitions, school, public programs, and community outreach, ICP offers an open forum for dialogue about the role that photographs, videos, and new media play in our society. To date, it has presented more than 700 exhibitions and offered thousands of classes at every level. ICP brings together photographers, artists, students, and scholars to create and interpret the realm of the image. Here, members of this unique community are encouraged to explore photography and visual culture as mediums of empowerment and as catalysts for wide-reaching social change. Visit icp.org/concerned to learn more. ICP's presentation of Magnum Manifesto is supported in part by an award from the National Endowment for the Arts, and by public funds from the New York City Department of Cultural Affairs in partnership with the City Council. To view the original version on PR Newswire, visit:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/icp-presents-magnum-manifesto-300464604.html
News Article | May 11, 2017
Annual General Meeting of JCDecaux SA on 11 May 2017 Paris, 11 May 2017 - The Combined Annual General Meeting (AGM) of JCDecaux SA (Euronext Paris: DEC) was convened on 11 May 2017. The AGM approved all the resolutions that were submitted for its vote. In particular, the AGM: Following the AGM, the Supervisory Board renewed Mr. Jean-Pierre Decaux's position as Vice Chairman of the Supervisory Board and appointed Ms. Bénédicte Hautefort as member of the Audit Committee. The Supervisory Board then appointed Mr. Jean-François Decaux as Chairman of the Executive Board and Mr. Jean-Charles Decaux as Chief Executive Officer for one year, in accordance with the principle of alternating the position of Chief Executive Officer within JCDecaux SA. For commercial and public representation purposes, Mr. Jean-François Decaux and Mr. Jean-Charles Decaux use the title of "Co-Chief Executive Officer" of JCDecaux. Marie-Laure Sauty de Chalon, 54, holds a law degree and is a graduate of Sciences Po Paris. After a career in various press and television advertising agencies, she took over as CEO of Carat Interactive in 1997. In 2001, she was appointed Chairman and CEO of Consodata North America, then in 2004 she became CEO of Aegis Media for France and Southern Europe. Since 1 June 2010 she has been Chairman and CEO of Aufeminin.com and a professor at the Paris Institute of Political Studies. Marie-Laure Sauty de Chalon has also been a member of the Competition Authority since 2014. Leila Turner, 34, graduated from Sciences Po Paris and holds a Masters in International Relations from Columbia University in New York. She also studied at DEAC in Cairo and Georgetown University in Washington, DC. Leila Turner joined FABERNOVEL in Paris in 2011 and helped launch the FABERNOVEL INSTITUTE, which supports large groups with business transformation by developing their leaders' culture and innovative practices. As project director, she developed and tested new products and services, including, open data and corporate social media. She later focused on business development for FABERNOVEL Paris. Leila Turner is currently CEO of FABERNOVEL INNOVATE and partner of of FABERNOVEL. Bénédicte Hautefort, 49, graduated from HEC and is founder of equityStories, a financial communications agency and Hebdo des AG, the leading online publication on corporate governance and investor relations news in Paris. She previously worked as an auditor at Arthur Andersen and Chief Financial Officer at Péchiney, before setting up financial communications firm, InvestorSight, in 2003, and joining Havas Paris in 2011. Bénédicte has also been a director and member of the audit committee for Groupe Flo since 2013. Key figures for JCDecaux - 2016 revenue: €3,393m - JCDecaux is listed on the Eurolist of Euronext Paris and is part of the Euronext 100 and Euronext Family Business indexes - JCDecaux is part of the FTSE4Good and Dow Jones Sustainability Europe indexes - N°1 worldwide in street furniture (559,070 advertising panels) - N°1 worldwide in transport advertising with more than 220 airports and 260 contracts in metros, buses, trains and tramways (354,680 advertising panels) - N°1 in Europe for billboards (169,860 advertising panels) - N°1 in outdoor advertising in Europe (721,130 advertising panels) - N°1 in outdoor advertising in Asia-Pacific (219,310 advertising panels) - N°1 in outdoor advertising in Latin America (70,680 advertising panels) - N°1 in outdoor advertising in Africa (29,820 advertising panels) - N°1 in outdoor advertising in the Middle-East (16,230 advertising panels) - N°1 worldwide for self-service bike rental scheme: pioneer in eco-friendly mobility - 1,117,890 advertising panels in more than 75 countries - Present in 4,280 cities with more than 10,000 inhabitants - Daily audience: more than 410 million people - 13,030 employees
Latour B.,Paris Institute of Political Studies
Logos (Russian Federation) | Year: 2017
In this paper, ANT comes into fruitful exchange with visual culture studies. What were the reasons for the rapid success of science in the modern era? Some may argue that the main transformation occurred in the economic structure, with the rise of bourgeois capitalism. Others refer to the birth of organized skepticism and development of the scientiqc method, to the emergence of humanism and individualistic ideology. However, according to the author, these are not the actual causes. be new forms of inscription and knowledge transmission are conditions for the progress of modern science. be linear perspective discovery allowed for the portrayal of objects with optical consistency: Regardless of the viewpoint and distance to the object, it can be always depicted from any other angle and without any loss of external qualities. be distant point method revolutionized Dutch painting: Now a few simple "camera obscura" tricks transform massive ED constructions into BD images on a flat surface. Finally, the printing press invention led to the global distribution of copies, almost identical to the original text, map, or etching. banks to these innovations, scientists of 16th and 17th centuries acquired immense power-they learned to act at a distance. bese historical arguments are supported by the theory of immutable mobiles. Mobile objects can be transported across long distances. And if there is no risk of damaging them, they remain readable throughout the journey, then one can call them immutable. Drawing on the ideas of François Dagognet, Michel Foucault, Martin J. S. Rudwick, François Fourquet, Johannes Fabian, and many others, the author outlines the nine features of immutable mobiles. Using such terms as "cascade of inscriptions" and "formalism," he proposes a new approach to scientiqc abstraction. Money turned out to be just one of the many possible forms of inscription, therefore capitalism can hardly serve as the basic concept for understanding the history of science and technology. According to the author, the breakthrough in modern science is directly linked to changes in European visual culture.
Ferrando O.,Paris Institute of Political Studies
Central Asian Survey | Year: 2011
This article explores a key event in the recent history of Central Asia: the 1950s Soviet policy of forced transfers of highlanders down to cotton kolkhozes in the Ferghana Valley. From both a historical and sociological perspective, the article analyses how the displaced population was received in the areas of destination. It sheds light on the concept of ethnicity, in the sense that these transfers were most often analysed in ethnic terms. This approach does not allow for the perception of a complex range of identities based on a nation, a region, a lineage, a religion or a language. The concept of ethnicity seems therefore limited to explain the social dynamics of nation-state formation in a region where identity appears to be multiple, changing and constantly renegotiated. © 2011 Central Asian Survey.
Lacour P.,Paris Institute of Political Studies
CEUR Workshop Proceedings | Year: 2012
One of the possible intersections between the Web and Philosophy lies in the use of the term 'ontology' by the Web architects. Indeed, the term "ontology" belongs to the classical vocabulary of the branch of philosophy called Metaphysics, which is concerned with the very nature of the world. Considering the Web as a form of (virtual) world, one could very well apply traditional philosophical questions to the stuff of this universe. Is it made of items (datas), processes (actions), or even things? What kind of ontology do we need to describe it? In this paper, we will argue that philosophy should focus less on ontology than on logic (namely, semantics) to tackle the issue, therefore slightly changing the way the problem is set. We shall take the case of Web Translation as an example. In so doing, we will show that a philosophy of the Web is justified to the extent that it somehow plays the role of psychoanalysis of culture, beyond the idea of a Critique (Kant) and of a psychoanalysis of knowledge (Bachelard).
Perard E.,Paris Institute of Political Studies
Water Policy | Year: 2010
The aim of this study is to examine the institutional organization of the water sector. The Mediterranean area provides very diverse examples of water sector organization. This paper focuses more particularly on two aspects, the recent introduction of private sector participation and the institutional framework. Five countries have been reviewed in detail: Tunisia, Algeria, Egypt, Morocco and Jordan. For each of these countries, the paper analyzes institutional arrangements for the water sector. It presents the theoretical legal framework but also the practice. It shows that 'independent' regulatory agencies have been set up in only a few countries. However, a closer look confirms that these regulatory agencies are rarely independent. The study also reveals that in most of the countries, the management of water supply suffers from political interference and is overly centralized. Experience with corporatization has also been limited. While the corporatization of local operators has been legalized in most countries, few have implemented it. Experience with private sector participation in water supply has been relatively positive and is, therefore, expected to expand in the future. © IWA Publishing 2010.
Mendjeli R.,Paris Institute of Political Studies
Journal de Medecine Legale Droit Medical | Year: 2015
This text suggests a commentary of patient tailored medicine based on the discourse of the practices of physicians partnering with networks of prevention, treatment and screening of pediatric obesity. Constructed around the study of physicians' dialogues, data was collected during two surveys evaluating the networks of Toulouse Midi-Pyrenees and Franche-Comté.
Von Muhlendahl P.,Paris Institute of Political Studies
International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law | Year: 2016
A maritime delimitation is, in its very nature, a delicate process, whose complexity can be further compounded by the presence of tiny land features, as they can considerably distort the final delimitation line. In several recent maritime delimitation cases, the question of the legal status of such a feature has arisen on the one hand, and of the potential effect that its presence in the delimitation area should have on the boundary on the other hand. Among the multiple options that international judges or arbitrators may use, they have chosen, and rightly so, a conservative approach, consisting in attributing a largely secondary role, if any, to these chunks of emerged land. This raises the larger issue about the true nature of a maritime delimitation decided by a judge or an arbitrator and, by extension, the relationship between law and nature. © koninklijke brill nv, leiden, 2016.
Storper M.,Paris Institute of Political Studies
Urban Studies | Year: 2010
Why are there persistent differences in income between metropolitan areas? The answer to this question has evaded much of the scholarship on the topic. Some of the frameworks that drive empirical research in this field are based on ad hoc combinations of explanatory factors, ranging from natural climate, to business climate, to land and labour costs. Theoretical approaches emphasise economic specialisation: some activities have higher rates of growth than others and this translates into divergence in interurban growth and income. Yet specialisation itself needs to be explained. International economics explains different growth rates and income levels among countries by emphasising specialisation, human capital and institutions. This framework can be adapted to the analysis of metropolitan growth. The thorniest aspect of doing so is to consider recursive relationships among the three, as well as decisive events that might introduce irreversible path-dependent outcomes that differentiate cities. © 2010 Urban Studies Journal Limited.
de Montluc B.,Paris Institute of Political Studies
Space Policy | Year: 2012
With the growing need for monitoring and awareness of all the objects in space (including debris) now recognized, the types of effort required towards this end are discussed, with the emphasis on European activities. A number of European documents acknowledging the problem are cited and initiatives to promote space situational awareness (SSA) are examined. While there is currently no provision in the EU budget beyond 2013 for protecting ground and space assets from space environmental threats, an encouraging degree of bilateral cooperation between member states suggests that an SSA capability is emerging in Europe. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.