Parc Zoologique et Botanique de Mulhouse

Mulhouse, France

Parc Zoologique et Botanique de Mulhouse

Mulhouse, France
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Mohr F.,Royal Veterinary College | Betson M.,Lane College | Betson M.,University of Surrey | Quintard B.,Parc Zoologique et Botanique de Mulhouse
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine | Year: 2017

Between 1996 and 2013, 71 blue-crowned laughingthrush (Dryonastes courtoisi) chicks, a small passerine bird endemic to China, were born at Mulhouse Zoo in northeast France. None of them survived past 1 yr, and 82% died between 0 and 6 days old of an unidentified cause and despite an attempt to establish an artificial breeding protocol. Atoxoplasma spp., causing a disease known as systemic isosporosis, is a coccidian parasite that can infect several species of birds. Mulhouse's adult birds were suspected to be infected with Atoxoplasma spp. and to transmit this parasite to their offspring. A treatment with toltrazuril (Baycox® 2.5%) was implemented in the four adult birds. Coprologic examinations were performed before, during, and after the treatment to quantify the parasite load in feces. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays were used to test blood samples from the adult and liver, lung, gizzard, and kidney samples from 10 chicks to detect Atoxoplasma spp. Five of the 10 chicks had some tissue samples positive for Atoxoplasma spp. in at least one of the three repeats of the atoxoplasmosis PCR. An average of 181 Isospora spp. oocysts per gram of feces were found in the group of adults before treatment. This number was reduced to zero 1 wk after the beginning of the toltrazuril treatment. The PCR results suggest a transovarian transmission of Atoxoplasma spp., but further investigation is needed for confirmation. The treatment with toltrazuril appears to allow a significant reduction of the parasite excretion. Copyright © 2017 by American Association of Zoo Veterinarians.


Quintard B.,Parc Zoologique et Botanique de Mulhouse | Greunz E.M.,Parc Zoologique et de Loisirs de Thoiry | Lefaux B.,Parc Zoologique et Botanique de Mulhouse | Lemberger K.,Vet Diagnostics | Leclerc A.,Parc Zoologique et de Loisirs de Thoiry
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine | Year: 2017

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is well documented in snow leopards (Uncia uncia) and most common locations are oral, facial, or pedal. These two cases illustrate an unusual auricular presentation, which is more often reported in white domestic cats. The animals were aged and presented clinical signs of otitis such as head shaking and ear scratching. Clinical examinations showed auricular canal masses with chronic purulent otitis. In both cases, clinical deterioration led to euthanasia and histology of the ear canal was consistent with SCC and showed numerous vascular emboli. These cases illustrate an unreported aggressive localization for SCC in snow leopards, which should be included in the differential diagnosis of otitis in this species. Auricular SCC may be underdiagnosed as the ear canal is infrequently sampled for histopathology. This auricular localization should be considered when metastases are found upon necropsy without internal primary tumor. © Copyright 2017 by American Association of Zoo Veterinarians.


Benejat L.,University of Bordeaux 1 | Benejat L.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Gravet A.,Laboratoire Of Microbiologie | Sifre E.,University of Bordeaux 1 | And 8 more authors.
Letters in Applied Microbiology | Year: 2014

This article describes the isolation and characterization of a Campylobacter-like isolate originating from the faeces of a sick leopard tortoise. Molecular as well as matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) characterization suggests that it could correspond to a new Campylobacter species. © 2013 The Society for Applied Microbiology.


Quintard B.,Parc Zoologique et Botanique de Mulhouse | Lohmann C.,Laboratoire Of Microbiologie | Lefaux B.,Parc Zoologique et Botanique de Mulhouse
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine | Year: 2015

A 23-yr old female Patagonian sea lion (Otaria byronia) presented multifocal to coalescing and ulcerative skin lesions on the lumbar region. Skin scrapings were collected and a microscopic examination was conducted followed by a fungal culture that revealed a Trychophyton rubrum infection, an anthropophilic dermatophytosis agent. Oral terbinafine and topical eniconazole were used as a treatment for a period of 75 days and complete recovery was achieved. Epidemiological analysis revealed a dermatophytosis case in one of the carnivore section keepers a few weeks before the lesions were diagnosed in the sea lion. © 2015 by American Association of Zoo Veterinarians.


Jurczynski K.,University of Duisburg - Essen | Lyashchenko K.P.,Chembio Diagnostic Systems, Inc. | Gomis D.,Jardin Zoologique de la Ville de Lyon | Moser I.,Friedrich Loeffler Institute | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine | Year: 2011

In the last 7 yr, three different species of terrestrial mammals were diagnosed with Mycobacterium pinnipedii either within one collection or through the introduction of an infected animal from another zoo. The affected species included the Malayan tapir (Tapirus indicus), Bactrian camel (Camelus bactrianus bactrianus), and crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata). In the first zoo, all of these were living in exhibits adjacent to a group of South American sea lions (Otaria flavescens) and were cared for by the same keeper. One infected tapir was transferred to a different zoo and transmitted M. pinnipedii infection to three other Malayan tapirs. The tapirs were tested with various diagnostic methods, including comparative intradermal tuberculin test, PCR and culture of sputum samples, Rapid Test (RT), and multiantigen print immunoassay (MAPIA). The M. pinnipedii infection was confirmed at postmortem examination in all animals. RT and MAPIA showed the diagnostic potential for rapid antemortem detection of this important zoonotic disease. Copyright 2011 by American Association of Zoo Veterinarians.


Thinh V.N.,German Primate Center | Mootnick A.R.,Gibbon Conservation Center | Geissmann T.,University of Zürich | Li M.,CAS Institute of Zoology | And 6 more authors.
BMC Evolutionary Biology | Year: 2010

Background. Gibbons or small apes inhabit tropical and subtropical rain forests in Southeast Asia and adjacent regions, and are, next to great apes, our closest living relatives. With up to 16 species, gibbons form the most diverse group of living hominoids, but the number of taxa, their phylogenetic relationships and their phylogeography is controversial. To further the discussion of these issues we analyzed the complete mitochondrial cytochrome b gene from 85 individuals representing all gibbon species, including most subspecies. Results. Based on phylogenetic tree reconstructions, several monophyletic clades were detected, corresponding to genera, species and subspecies. A significantly supported branching pattern was obtained for members of the genus Nomascus but not for the genus Hylobates. The phylogenetic relationships among the four genera were also not well resolved. Nevertheless, the new data permitted the estimation of divergence ages for all taxa for the first time and showed that most lineages emerged during four short time periods. In the first, between ∼6.7 and ∼8.3 mya, the four gibbon genera diverged from each other. In the second (∼3.0 - ∼3.9 mya) and in the third period (∼1.3 - ∼1.8 mya), Hylobates and Hoolock differentiated. Finally, between ∼0.5 and ∼1.1 mya, Hylobates lar diverged into subspecies. In contrast, differentiation of Nomascus into species and subspecies was a continuous and prolonged process lasting from ∼4.2 until ∼0.4 mya. Conclusions. Although relationships among gibbon taxa on various levels remain unresolved, the present study provides a more complete view of the evolutionary and biogeographic history of the hylobatid family, and a more solid genetic basis for the taxonomic classification of the surviving taxa. We also show that mtDNA constitutes a useful marker for the accurate identification of individual gibbons, a tool which is urgently required to locate hunting hotspots and select individuals for captive breeding programs. Further studies including nuclear sequence data are necessary to completely understand the phylogeny and phylogeography of gibbons. © 2010 Thinh et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

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