PubMed | Nou Barris Nord Adult Mental Health Center, Parc de Salut Mar, University of Barcelona, Hospital of Mataro and Hospital Of La Santa Creu I Sant Pau
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Depression and anxiety | Year: 2016
Since long ago it has been asserted that internal conflicts are relevant to the understanding and treatment of mental disorders, but little research has been conducted to support the claim. The aim of this study was to test the differential efficacy of group cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) plus an intervention focused on the dilemma(s) detected for each patient versus group individual CBT plus individual CBT for treating depression. A comparative controlled trial with a 3-month follow-up was conducted.One hundred twenty-eight adults meeting criteria for MDD and/or dysthymia, presenting at least one cognitive conflict (implicative dilemma or dilemmatic construct, assessed by the repertory grid technique) and who had completed seven sessions of group CBT were randomly assigned to eight sessions of individual manualized CBT or dilemma-focused therapy (DFT). The Beck Depression Inventory-II was administered at baseline, at the end of therapy and after 3 months follow-up.Multilevel mixed effects modeling yielded no significant differences between CBT and DFT with the intention-to-treat sample. Equivalent effect sizes, remission, and response rates were found with completers as well. In combination with group CBT, both individual CBT and DFT significantly reduced depressive symptoms.Both conditions obtained comparable results to those in the literature. Thus, the superiority of the adjunctive DFT was not demonstrated. Working with dilemmas can be seen as a promising additional target in the psychotherapy of depression, but further research is still required.
PubMed | Parc de Salut Mar, Hospital Germans Trias i Pujol and Hospital Of Bellvitge
Type: | Journal: Clinical rheumatology | Year: 2016
After approval of the use of ustekinumab for treatment of moderate to severe psoriasis, patients with psoriatic arthritis have treated with this drug in daily clinical practice. The aims of this study were to describe baseline characteristics and evolution of a cohort of patients with psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis treated with ustekinumab and to compare differences between patients who discontinued treatment and those who maintained. A retrospective multicenter observational study including patients who had received ustekinumab for a minimum of 3months from 2009 to 2015 was performed. The baseline characteristics of the cohort of patients, the main indication for treatment, number and percentage of patients who maintained and discontinued treatment, reasons for discontinuation and differences between patients who discontinued and maintained ustekinumab were evaluated. Fifty-eight patients were included. The main indication was dermatological (72.4% of cases), and treatment with ustekinumab was maintained in most patients (62.1% of cases) with low discontinuation by side effects and rheumatological lack of efficacy. Discontinuation of ustekinumab was correlated with more number of obese patients, less presence of plaque psoriasis and more number of previous biological therapies. Ustekinumab demonstrated efficacy and safety in the management of patients with psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis in daily clinical practice in our cohort of patients.
Quintero E.,Hospital Universitario Of Canarias |
Bujanda L.,University of the Basque Country |
Cubiella J.,Complexo Hospitalario Universitario Of Ourense |
Salas D.,Colorectal Cancer Screening Program |
And 32 more authors.
New England Journal of Medicine | Year: 2012
BACKGROUND: Colonoscopy and fecal immunochemical testing (FIT) are accepted strategies for colorectal-cancer screening in the average-risk population. METHODS: In this randomized, controlled trial involving asymptomatic adults 50 to 69 years of age, we compared one-time colonoscopy in 26,703 subjects with FIT every 2 years in 26,599 subjects. The primary outcome was the rate of death from colorectal cancer at 10 years. This interim report describes rates of participation, diagnostic findings, and occurrence of major complications at completion of the baseline screening. Study outcomes were analyzed in both intention-to-screen and as-screened populations. RESULTS: The rate of participation was higher in the FIT group than in the colonoscopy group (34.2% vs. 24.6%, P<0.001). Colorectal cancer was found in 30 subjects (0.1%) in the colonoscopy group and 33 subjects (0.1%) in the FIT group (odds ratio, 0.99; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.61 to 1.64; P=0.99). Advanced adenomas were detected in 514 subjects (1.9%) in the colonoscopy group and 231 subjects (0.9%) in the FIT group (odds ratio, 2.30; 95% CI, 1.97 to 2.69; P<0.001), and nonadvanced adenomas were detected in 1109 subjects (4.2%) in the colonoscopy group and 119 subjects (0.4%) in the FIT group (odds ratio, 9.80; 95% CI, 8.10 to 11.85; P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Subjects in the FIT group were more likely to participate in screening than were those in the colonoscopy group. On the baseline screening examination, the numbers of subjects in whom colorectal cancer was detected were similar in the two study groups, but more adenomas were identified in the colonoscopy group. (Funded by Instituto de Salud Carlos III and others; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00906997.) Copyright © 2012 Massachusetts Medical Society. All rights reserved.
Bayo E.,Hospital Juan Ramon Jimenez |
Herruzo I.,Hospital Carlos Haya |
Arenas M.,Hospital Sant Joan Of Reus |
Algara M.,Parc de Salut Mar
Clinical and Translational Oncology | Year: 2013
Standard locoregional treatment of early-stage breast cancer currently consists of the conservative surgery and sentinel lymph node biopsy. In the event of positive sentinel node biopsy, an axillary level I-II lymphadenectomy should be carried out. However, recent publications have increasingly supported a tendency not to apply the surgical lymphadenectomy, but simultaneously, it has been developed a new role of regional radiotherapy, even if there is only 1-3 axillary lymph nodes involved. Given these new trends, radiation oncologists are facing the dilemma with regard to deciding about regional irradiation of breast cancer. For such purpose, The Spanish Group of Breast Cancer Radiation Oncology (GEORM as per its Spanish acronym) decided to reach a consensus to issue the respective guidelines for such types of cases. GEORM Managing Commission, gathering 13 members of different Spanish regional communities, issued a questionnaire including different clinical situations. These questions were set as key questions seeking responses, which were answered by 66 % out of the 75 members of the group. Following the response, the guidelines were drafted based on the replies to the mentioned questionnaire. All the respective issues were discussed by means of a virtual platform. In this article, we show the levels of consensus for different clinical situations, depending on the number of nodes involved and the type of surgical procedure performed on the axillary lymph nodes. The ongoing evolution of the oncological treatments obliges the radiation oncologists to take decisions without any existing clarifying evidence, and therefore, the consensus is necessary, which can assist in the decision-making process by the practitioners in such kinds of clinical situations. © 2013 Federación de Sociedades Españolas de Oncología (FESEO).
PubMed | Hospital Sant Pau i Santa Tecla, Institute Poal Of Reumatologia, Hospital Universitari Parc Tauli Of Sabadell, Center Internacional Of Medicina Avancada Cima and 14 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Reumatologia clinica | Year: 2016
Diagnosis and therapy of patients with early onset rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is influenced by accessibility to specialized care devices. We attempted to analyze the impact of their availability.We analyzed time related to diagnosis delay measuring: 1) Time from first clinical symptoms to the first visit with the Rheumatologist; 2) Time from referral to the first visit of Rheumatology; 3) Time between first symptom until final diagnosis; 4) time between first symptom until the initiation of the first disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD). The presence of these 6 rheumatology devices was defined: 1) early arthritis monographic clinics, 2) RA monographic clinics, 3) Mechanisms for fast programming, 4) Algorithms for referral from primary care (PC), 5) rheumatology consultation services in PC and 6) consulting services in PC.The mean time from onset of symptoms to diagnosis or the establishment of a DMARD in RA patients in Catalonia is very long (11 months). Patients seen in rheumatology devices such as RA monographic clinics, rheumatology consultation in PC and specially in early arthritis clinics are treated early with DMARDs.the existence of monographic clinics or consulting in primary care centers is essential to improve early care of RA patients.
Marques Lopez F.,Parc de Salut Mar |
Munoz Vives J.M.,Hospital Dr Josep Trueta
European Orthopaedics and Traumatology | Year: 2013
Periprosthetic femoral fractures are among the most difficult and expensive complications of total hip arthroplasty. A rise in the elderly population and the increased indications of primary and revision hip arthroplasty has led to an escalating incidence. Intraoperative periprosthetic fractures are becoming more common given the increased numbers of revision total hip arthroplasty and the use of cementless fixation. Risk factors for intraoperative periprosthetic fractures include the use of minimally invasive techniques; the use of press-fit cementless stems and cups; revision surgery, specially when a long cementless stem or a short stem with impaction allografting is used; female gender; metabolic bone disease; bone diseases leading to altered morphology such as Paget disease and technical errors during the operation. © 2012 EFORT.
Vilaprinyo E.,Parc de Salut Mar |
Puig T.,Public-i |
Puig T.,Autonomous University of Barcelona |
Rue M.,University of Lleida
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012
Background: Reductions in breast cancer (BC) mortality in Western countries have been attributed to the use of screening mammography and adjuvant treatments. The goal of this work was to analyze the contributions of both interventions to the decrease in BC mortality between 1975 and 2008 in Catalonia. Methodology/Principal Findings: A stochastic model was used to quantify the contribution of each intervention. Age standardized BC mortality rates for calendar years 1975-2008 were estimated in four hypothetical scenarios: 1) Only screening, 2) Only adjuvant treatment, 3) Both interventions, and 4) No intervention. For the 30-69 age group, observed Catalan BC mortality rates per 100,000 women-year rose from 29.4 in 1975 to 38.3 in 1993, and afterwards continuously decreased to 23.2 in 2008. If neither of the two interventions had been used, in 2008 the estimated BC mortality would have been 43.5, which, compared to the observed BC mortality rate, indicates a 46.7% reduction. In 2008 the reduction attributable to screening was 20.4%, to adjuvant treatments was 15.8% and to both interventions 34.1%. Conclusions/Significance: Screening and adjuvant treatments similarly contributed to reducing BC mortality in Catalonia. Mathematical models have been useful to assess the impact of interventions addressed to reduce BC mortality that occurred over nearly the same periods. © 2012 Vilaprinyo et al.
Torres-Claramunt R.,Parc de Salut Mar |
Leal J.,Parc de Salut Mar |
Hinarejos P.,Parc de Salut Mar |
Pelfort X.,Parc de Salut Mar |
Puig L.,Parc de Salut Mar
Journal of Arthroplasty | Year: 2013
The aim of this study was to determine whether it is necessary to use the KSS, WOMAC and SF-36 scales in a Spanish speaking population. These 3 questionnaires were administered to 1000 consecutive patients in the TKA preoperative period. Pearson's correlation coefficient and coefficient of determination were obtained. 196 patients were excluded. A poor correlation was obtained comparing the different items of the different scores with each other. Only in 3 out of different comparisons performed was a Pearson's correlation r. >. 0.5 obtained. The worst results were obtained comparing the two knee specific tests (SF-36 vs WOMAC) and the best ones comparing SF-36 and WOMAC scores. Based on these results, the use of the three tests in the TKA preoperative period is recommended in a Spanish speaking population. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.
Torres-Claramunt R.,Parc de Salut Mar. |
Gines A.,Parc de Salut Mar. |
Pidemunt G.,Parc de Salut Mar. |
Puig L.,Parc de Salut Mar. |
De Zabala S.,Parc de Salut Mar.
Indian Journal of Orthopaedics | Year: 2012
Background: The diagnosis of Morton's neuroma is based primarily on clinical findings. Ultrasonography (US) and magnetic resonance image (MRI) studies are considered complementary diagnostic techniques. The aim of this study was to establish the correlation and sensitivity of both techniques used to diagnose Morton's neuroma. Materials and Methods: Thirty seven patients (43 intermetatarsal spaces) with Morton's neuroma operated were retrospectively reviewed. In all cases MRI or ultrasound was performed to complement clinical diagnosis of Morton's neuroma. In all cases, a histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis. Estimates of sensitivity were made and correlation (kappa statistics) was assessed for both techniques. Results: Twenty seven women and 10 men participated with a mean age of 60 years. Double lesions presented in six patients. The second intermetatarsal space was affected in 10 patients and the third in 33 patients. An MRI was performed in 41 cases and a US in 23 cases. In 21 patients, both an MRI and a US were performed. With regard to the 41 MRIs performed, 34 were positive for Morton's neuroma and 7 were negative. MRI sensitivity was 82.9% [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.679-0.929]. Thirteen out of 23 US performed were positive and 10 US were negative. US sensitivity was 56.5% (95% CI: 0.345-0.768). Relative to the 21 patients on whom both techniques were carried out, the agreement between both techniques was poor (kappa statistics 0.31). Conclusion: Although ancillary studies may be required to confirm the clinical diagnosis in some cases, they are probably not necessary for the diagnosis of Morton's neuroma. MRI had a higher sensitivity than US and should be considered the technique of choice in those cases. However, a negative result does not exclude the diagnosis (false negative 17%).