News Article | June 29, 2017
Palo Alto, CA, June 29, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- PARC, a Xerox company, today announced it has been chosen as part of a team of organizations -- including Siemens, Georgia Institute of Technology (GT), and Michigan State University (MSU) -- by the DARPA TRAansformative DESign (TRADES) program. The goal of the multimillion dollar project is to develop a new digital modeling technology that will expand existing computer-aided design (CAD) software to design incredibly complex objects with superior functional properties that can still be manufactured with current manufacturing processes. “This project will have significant impact for high-performance products in specialized industries such as aerospace, defense, automotive, energy production, manufacturing tooling, medical devices and consumer products,” said Dr. Suraj Musuvathy, Senior Scientist, Siemens Corporate Technology. “Our team provides a one-of-a-kind combination of skills. Siemens’ and GT’s experience in CAD systems provide unique insight into how typical users think about and react to different methodologies. Michigan State University provides a strong background in multidisciplinary optimization. Siemens and PARC are long-time experts in, and users of, additive manufacturing and composite technologies, providing the team access to engineers and material scientists with extensive experience in commercial applications.” Unlike many CAD systems, Siemens’ NX™ software includes highly advanced features for the design of heterogeneous materials, composites and lattice structures, as well as preparation for additive manufacturing. Through the DARPA TRADES project, this team aims to further expand those capabilities to create a new approach for designing models with billions of geometric attributes and manufacturing these highly complex objects. “Our work will enhance the ability to create, optimize, and fabricate these extremely complex designs by providing engineers access to tools that define the designs in terms of simple programs which then automatically encode fabrication requirements and constraints to ensure optimized, manufacturable designs,” said Saigopal Nelaturi, PARC researcher and lead on this project. “Using the new techniques we are developing with Siemens, GT and MSU, many products could be engineered to be more durable and lighter, while also providing far better performance. This includes rotating, turbo machinery in jet engines, gas turbines, electric motors, and generators, where a lot of engineering goes into controlling the parts as they rotate faster and come under load.” The project will create fundamental technologies that will facilitate rapid “design-to-manufacturing,” with the following innovations: PARC’s digital manufacturing portfolio of technologies helps bring real-world manufacturing constraints into the product design cycle by identifying manufacturing constraints of a supply chain early in the design phase, ultimately minimizing time-to-market and improving overall product quality. PARC, a Xerox company is in the Business of Breakthroughs®. Practicing open innovation, we provide custom R&D services, technology, expertise, best practices, and intellectual property to Fortune 500 and Global 1000 companies, startups, and government agencies and partners. We create new business options, accelerate time to market, augment internal capabilities, and reduce risk for our clients. Since its inception, PARC has pioneered many technology platforms – from the Ethernet and laser printing to the GUI and ubiquitous computing – and has enabled the creation of many industries. Incorporated as an independent, wholly owned subsidiary of Xerox in 2002, PARC today continues the research that enables breakthroughs for our clients' businesses. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This project was sponsored by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency. The content of the information does not necessarily reflect the position or the policy of the Government, and no official endorsement should be inferred. Note: Siemens and the Siemens logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of Siemens AG. NX is a trademark or registered trademark of Siemens Product Lifecycle Management Software Inc. or its subsidiaries in the United States and in other countries. All other trademarks, registered trademarks or service marks belong to their respective holders.
News Article | July 10, 2017
Palo Alto, CA, July 10, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- PARC, a Xerox company, today announced it has been selected by the Defense Adavanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), under its Explainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI) program, to help advance the underlying science of AI. For this multi-million dollar contract, PARC will aim to develop a highly interactive sense-making system called COGLE (COmmon Ground Learning and Explanation), which may explain the learned performance capabilities of autonomous systems to human users. The key idea behind COGLE is to establish common ground between concepts and abstractions used by humans and the capabilities learned by a machine. These learned representations would then be exposed to the human via COGLE’s rich sense-making interface, enabling people to understand and predict the behavior of an autonomous system. For the DARPA project, COGLE will be developed using an autonomous Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) test bed. However, concepts developed under COGLE could be applicable to understanding a variety of autonomous systems. In particular, COGLE might support user sense-making of autonomous systems’ decisions, enabling users to understand the strengths and weaknesses of autonomous systems, conveying an understanding of how systems may behave in the future, and provide ways for the user to improve performance of autonomous systems. For COGLE, PARC is teaming with Carnegie Mellon University, West Point, University of Michigan, University of Edinburgh, and the Florida Institute for Human & Machine Cognition, bringing together the world’s top expertise in machine learning, human cognition, and user experience. “The promise of AI is to design and build systems where humans and machines can understand, trust, and collaborate together in complicated, unstructured environments,” said PARC CEO Tolga Kurtoglu. “Today’s AI is about computation and automation, where machines are accomplishing amazing things like analyzing visual data, seeing patterns within billions of emails, looking at meta data to solve big problems, all within structured and repetitive sets of tasks. The future of AI is less about automation and more about a deep, transparent understanding between humans and machines.” COGLE is one part of a larger research effort in the area of human-machine collaboration at PARC aimed at creating this future of AI. Machine learning systems and AI algorithms are increasingly able to solve complicated real-world tasks and moreover do so by learning on their own. Humans on the other hand have the ability to contextualize what they learn. When machines and humans work together, much can be accomplished. Users of autonomous systems cannot always know why a computing system made a decision, and may not always trust the system, which is a fundamental challenge in designing joint human-machine teams. This important project with DARPA, along with a suite of other human-machine collaboration projects at PARC, aim to enable people to test, understand, and gain trust into AI systems. This is especially important as we embark into a world of humans + AI systems, where we work together with sophisticated computing systems, such as autonomous vehicles. “It’s time to take AI to the next step by building the science of how AI systems learn, how they apply policies to the learning, how they explain things to humans, and possibly even an understanding of its developed social intelligence and ethical judgment,” said Mark Stefik, Research Fellow at PARC and Principal Investigator of COGLE. “As we move into the future with this critical technology, it will be important, for example, for humans to understand why our autonomous car made a certain decision, and visa versa, so we can together intelligently maneuver with our self-driving car through difficult and unchartered environments.” PARC has been developing the science of AI for more than 40 years, and is now working with dozens of organizations to apply sophisticated AI systems to many industries, including transportation, healthcare, digital manufacturing, smart cities, self-driving cars, and others. PARC’s work with global commercial clients, government, and academia in the field of AI has led to a variety of projects including systems supporting nurses in hospitals, detecting fraud in healthcare and financial transactions, spotting anomalies in network traffic and preventing cyber-attacks, helping traffic enforcement officers balance workloads, helping design components in manufacturing systems, and understanding when complex systems like trains are in need of repair. PARC, a Xerox company is in the Business of Breakthroughs®. Practicing open innovation, we provide custom R&D services, technology, expertise, best practices, and intellectual property to Fortune 500 and Global 1000 companies, startups, and government agencies and partners. We create new business options, accelerate time to market, augment internal capabilities, and reduce risk for our clients. Since its inception, PARC has pioneered many technology platforms – from the Ethernet and laser printing to the GUI and ubiquitous computing – and has enabled the creation of many industries. Incorporated as an independent, wholly owned subsidiary of Xerox in 2002, PARC today continues the research that enables breakthroughs for our clients' businesses.
News Article | July 18, 2017
-- PARC's Florida Inspired 2016-2017 Travelling Arts Exhibition is wrapping up with a celebration on August 12, 2017 at the Clay Center in St. Petersburg.The Florida Inspired 2016-2017 Exhibition, sponsored in part by the State of Florida and presented by Secretary of State Ken Detzner and the Florida Department of State, Division of Cultural Affairs, featured works of art from the Inspired Artist Studios @ PARC in St. Petersburg. The Inspired Artists Studio @ PARC is a program where children and adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities can fully express their artistic talents. More than 30 unique pieces of art were featured in the exhibition, which traveled to locations in Pinellas County, Tampa, Gainesville, and Tallahassee.The exhibition also featured an interactive piece called "The Big Whale" which inspired people across the state of Florida and collected the voices of all who wished to leave their mark. The goal of this project was to capture ideas and expand the conversation about diverse abilities and experiences that unite us all. The outcome of "The Big Whale" will be on display, as well as the entire collection, at the celebration."This exhibition was truly a collaboration of many efforts. We would like to take the opportunity to honor and thank all of those who were involved in making this project a reality, and for helping PARC promote diversity and inclusion in the Arts," said Karen Higgins, President and CEO of PARC.The Celebration will welcome all the people who made this project possible, the artists who contributed to the collection, and is also open to the public. The Celebration will take place from 5PM to 9PMduring the monthly Second Saturday Art Walk, of which the Clay Center is a stop on the route. Clay Center of St. Petersburg is located at 2010 1Ave S., St. Petersburg, FL 33712.PARC is a non-profit organization whose mission is to provide opportunities for children and adults with developmental disabilities to exercise their independence and experience life to the fullest. Established in 1953, PARC currently serves more than 800 individuals in the greater Tampa Bay area. Visit: http://www.parc- fl.org for more information
News Article | August 8, 2017
Palo Alto, Aug. 08, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- PARC, a Xerox company, today announced it is spinning off Metawave Corporation — a breakthrough wireless technology start-up, which builds technology solutions based on engineered metamaterials and Artificial Intelligence (AI). Bringing its team of core researchers, known industry leadership, and the legacy of PARC, Metawave will commercialize smart beamsteering antenna systems for autonomous vehicles and 5G markets. Incubated at PARC, Metawave secured significant initial seed funding from leading investors in Silicon Valley and New York. Dr. Maha Achour, Metawave’s CEO and Dr. Bernard Casse, CTO founded the company with the vision of disrupting the status quo in wireless technology, by merging adaptive metamaterials and AI in order to reach performance and safety levels currently unattainable with today’s technologies. Dr. Achour has 20 years leadership experience in RF, wireless, metamaterial structures, optics, and networking industries in commercial and defense sectors. Dr. Casse brings 10 years of experience commercializing fundamental science, and has pioneered the innovative beamsteering technology with his former PARC metamaterials applied research team. Today’s automotive radars are limited — they can’t discriminate objects, do not work well at long ranges and in difficult conditions, and have relatively slow processing speeds. Combining ultra-fast beamsteering/scanning of a pencil beam with intelligent algorithms enables unprecedented capabilities like 3D imaging, identification and classification of objects, non-line-of-sight object detection, and accident anticipation by analyzing traffic patterns, with smart functionality in all-weather conditions. These capabilities represent the future of automotive radar, which will make self-driving cars a reality. “This spinoff embodies PARC’s unparalleled commitment to the startup community, and its role in the development and extension of PARC’s world-class innovation ecosystem,” said Metawave’s CEO Dr. Achour. “Metawave is fundamentally changing the way the automotive industry thinks about radars. We are on a mission to build highly intelligent and high-performing automotive radars capable of true 3D vision, Vehicle-to-Infrastructure (V2I), and Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) communication.” Building on intellectual property developed at PARC, Metawave is working with leading automotive companies to advance its Metamaterial Frequency-Adaptive Steering Technology (M-FAST) platform to lead the industry’s transformation. Metawave will also work with global telecommunications infrastructure vendors and service providers to accelerate 5G deployments. The use of M-FAST in cellular networks will yield intelligent radio interfaces, enabling networks to support a massive number of devices that demand more bandwidth, all at a reasonable cost. “Working with distinguished PARC researchers, Metawave is poised to provide one of the missing pieces to the autonomous driving safety puzzle, while answering the need for resilient, faster and affordable 4G and 5G networks,” said PARC’s CEO Dr. Tolga Kurtoglu. PARC has successfully incubated a variety of startups over the past 40 years to deliver breakthrough technology research and bring products to market. PARC’s work with external startups and internally incubated organizations goes beyond the boundaries of traditional entrepreneur-in-residence programs, which typically import industry experts to develop pre-defined commercial opportunities. PARC instead creates a customized partnership for each venture, which could include technical expertise, intellectual property, facilities resources, lab space, available research, and more. In exchange, PARC receives cash, royalties, equity, license fees, or a combination. More than 30 companies have gone to market via PARC, including PowerCloud Systems, Meshin, SolFocus, Powerset, and others. About Metawave Metawave is a wireless technology company that seeks to revolutionize the future of wireless communications and radar sensing. Leveraging adaptive metamaterials and AI, Metawave’s primary focus is to build intelligent beamsteering radars for autonomous driving. Changing the way automakers think about radar, Metawave is building high-performance radars capable of 3D imaging and vehicle-to-vehicle communication, making cars safer, smarter, and more connected. In parallel, Metawave is developing smart beamsteering antennas for 4G and 5G networks to provide faster networks and near-instant connectivity for billions of users. Metawave’s current flagship beamsteering technology platform was developed at PARC. Founded in 2017, Metawave is located in PARC’s headquarters in Palo Alto, California, in the heart of Silicon Valley. Visit our website at www.metawave.co, on Twitter @metawavecorp, on Facebook, or contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org. About PARC PARC, a Xerox company, is in the Business of Breakthroughs®. Practicing open innovation, we provide custom R&D services, technology, expertise, best practices, and intellectual property to Fortune 500 and Global 1000 companies, startups, and government agencies and partners. We create new business options, accelerate time to market, augment internal capabilities, and reduce risk for our clients. Since its inception, PARC has pioneered many technology platforms – from the Ethernet and laser printing to the GUI and ubiquitous computing – and has enabled the creation of many industries. Incorporated as an independent, wholly owned subsidiary of Xerox in 2002, PARC today continues the research that enables breakthroughs for our clients' businesses. To learn more about PARC, visit www.parc.com or contact email@example.com.
News Article | March 1, 2017
Eric Rohlfing, acting director of the moonshot investment arm of the Department of Energy, kicked off the conference near Washington, D.C., by announcing that 74 of the agency's projects have raised $1.8 billion in private sector funding and 56 have formed new companies. He was followed on the main stage by MIT president L. Rafael Reif, who stressed that government support is crucial for enabling the big, hard ideas in science to make the leap from academia to industry. He added that federal investments in early research are required to maintain the country’s competitive advantage in technology and science, and create future jobs. "This is not a conservative or liberal point of view,” Reif said. “This is about the future of our nation." Hanging over all the sessions was the looming question of whether this summit, or ARPA-E itself, will exist by this time next year. The Trump administration reportedly hopes to redirect $54 billion from most federal agencies to defense spending, and anything related to clean energy and climate change are obvious targets. ARPA-E staffers surely feel particularly threatened, as a 2016 Heritage Foundation report that's proven influential within Trump's circle called for eliminating the agency outright. The fate of ARPA-E and federal energy funding in general was a common topic of discussion in the hallways of the conference. No one who spoke to MIT Technology Review was ready to definitively predict the agency's demise, in part because the Trump administration has proven so wildly unpredictable. But there is considerable concern about what will happen in the months ahead, and what it will mean for the pace of clean energy research. Energy is now the biggest single research area at PARC, the famed Silicon Valley-based technology research institute, thanks to ARPA-E funding for a series of projects. "It's vital, it's critical," says Scott Elrod, director of PARC's Hardware Systems Laboratory. "We wouldn't have been able to go from our historical roots to energy without the support of this funding." Deborah Stine, an associate director at the Scott Institute for Energy Innovation at Carnegie Mellon, thinks this may well be the last year for the summit, simply because it's a conspicuous event dedicated to clean energy. But she ultimately believes the agency will survive because it's proven crucial to the private sector, by providing earlier stage financing than companies are generally able or willing to. "In order for it to survive, the industry that's here at the APRA-E event, that has been supporting it for all this time, needs to stand up and say, 'Look, we care about this,'" Stine says.
News Article | February 15, 2017
Shinichiro Michizono from KEK has been appointed as associate director for the International Linear Collider (ILC), taking over from Mike Harrison, while Jim Brau of the University of Oregon has replaced Hitoshi Yamamoto as associate director for physics and detectors. The Linear Collider collaboration, which encompasses the ILC and CLIC, has recently been granted a further three-year mandate by the International Committee for Future Accelerators. The council of the European Southern Observatory (ESO), which builds and operates some of the world’s most powerful ground-based telescopes, has appointed Xavier Barcons as its next director general. The 57 year-old astronomer will take up his new position on 1 September 2017, when the current director general Tim de Zeeuw completes his mandate. He began his career as a physicist, completing a PhD on hot plasmas. In October 2016, Jianwei Qiu joined the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility as its new associate director for theoretical and computational physics. Qiu, whose research focus is QCD and its applications in both high-energy particle and nuclear physics, will oversee a broad programme of theoretical research in support of the physics studied with the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF). Rende Steerenberg has been appointed head of operations in CERN’s Beams Department, effective from 1 January 2017. He takes over from Mike Lamont, who has been in the role since 2009 and oversaw operations from the LHC’s rollercoaster start-up to its latest record performance. Lamont remains deputy group leader of the Beams Department. Former CERN Director-General Rolf-Dieter Heuer has been appointed Chevalier de la Légion d’Honneur (Knight of the Legion of Honour), one of the highest recognitions of achievement in France. Heuer, who is currently president of the German Physical Society (DPG) and president-elect of the SESAME Council, among other roles, was presented with the medal on 22 November at the residence of the French permanent representative in Geneva. The 2017 Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics has been awarded to Joseph Polchinski, University of California at Santa Barbara, and Andrew Strominger and Cumrun Vafa of Harvard University. The three winners, who received the $3 million award at a glitzy ceremony in San Francisco on 4 December, have made important contributions to fundamental physics including quantum gravity and string theory. Polchinski was recognised in particular for his discovery of D-branes, while the citation for Strominger and Vafa included their derivation of the Bekenstein–Hawking area-entropy relation, which unified the laws of thermodynamics and black-hole dynamics. Recipients of the previously announced Special Prize in Fundamental Physics – Ronald Drever and Kip Thorne of Caltech and Rainer Weiss of MIT, who were recognised in May along with the entire LIGO team for the discovery of gravitational waves – were also present. A further prize, the $100,000 New Horizons in Physics Prize, went to six early-career physicists: Asimina Arvanitaki (Perimeter Institute), Peter Graham (Stanford University) and Surjeet Rajendran (University of California, Berkeley); Simone Giombi (Princeton University) and Xi Yin (Harvard University); and Frans Pretorius (Princeton). This year’s Breakthrough Prize, which was founded in 2012 by Sergey Brin, Anne Wojcicki, Yuri and Julia Milner, Mark Zuckerberg and Priscilla Chan, saw $25 million in prizes awarded for achievements in the life sciences, fundamental physics and mathematics. On 30 November, the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation in Bonn, Germany, granted a Humboldt Research Award to Raju Venugopalan, a senior physicist at Brookhaven National Laboratory and Stony Brook University. The €60,000 award recognises Venugopalan’s achievements in theoretical nuclear physics, and comes with the opportunity to collaborate with German researchers at Heidelberg University and elsewhere. US physicist and science policy adviser to the US government, Richard Garwin, was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom at a White House ceremony on 22 November. The award is the highest honour that the US government can confer to civilians. Garwin was recognised for his long career in research and invention, which saw him play a leading role in the development of the hydrogen bomb, and for his advice to policy makers. Introducing Garwin, President Obama remarked: “Dick’s not only an architect of the atomic age. Reconnaissance satellites, the MRI, GPS technology, the touchscreen all bear his fingerprints – he even patented a mussel washer for shellfish. Dick has advised nearly every president since Eisenhower, often rather bluntly. Enrico Fermi, also a pretty smart guy, is said to have called Dick the only true genius he ever met.” Fumihiko Suekane of Tohoku University, Japan, has been awarded a 2016 Blaise Pascal Chair to further his research into neutrinos. Established in 1996, and named after the 17th-century French polymath Blaise Pascal, the €200,000 grant allows researchers from abroad to work on a scientific project in an institution in the Ile-de-France region. Suekane will spend a year working at the Astroparticle and Cosmology Laboratory in Paris, where he will focus on R&D for novel neutrino detectors and measurements of reactor neutrinos. In late 2016, theorists Mikhail Danilov, from the Lebedev Institute in Moscow, Sergio Ferrara from CERN and David Gross from the Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics and the University of California in Santa Barbara were elected as members of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Established in 1724, the body has more than 2000 members. President of the Republic of Poland, Andrzej Duda, visited CERN on 15 November and toured the CERN Control Centre. Chi-Chang Kao, signed the guestbook with CERN Director-General Fabiola Gianotti on 23 November. From 28 November to 2 December, more than 200 flavour physicists gathered at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research in Mumbai for the 9th International Workshop on the Cabibbo–Kobayashi–Maskawa Unitarity Triangle (CKM2016). The workshop focuses on weak transitions of quarks from one flavour to another, as described by the CKM matrix, and on the charge–parity (CP) violation present in these transitions, as visualised by the unitarity triangle (UT). Input from theory, particularly lattice QCD, is vital to fully leverage the power of such measurements. It is an exciting time for flavour physics. The mass scales potentially involved in such weak processes are much higher than those that can be directly probed at the LHC, due to the presence of quantum loops that mediate many of the processes of interest, such as B0 – B0 mixing. Compared with the absence of new particles so far at the energy frontier, LHCb and other B factories already have significant hints of deviations between measurements and Standard Model (SM) predictions. An example is the persistent discrepancy in the measured differential distributions of the decay products of the rare flavour-changing neutral-current process B0 → K*0 μ+ μ–, first reported by the LHCb collaboration in 2015. A highlight of CKM2016 was the presentation of first results of the same distributions from the Belle experiment in Japan, which also included the related but previously unmeasured process B0 → K*0 e+ e–. The Belle results are more compatible with those of LHCb than the SM, further supporting the idea that new physics may be manifesting itself, via interference effects, in these observables. Progress on measuring CP violation in B decays was also reported, with LHCb presenting the first evidence for time-dependent CP violation in the decay of B0 mesons in two separate final states, D+ K– and K+ K–. The latter involves loop diagrams allowing a new-physics-sensitive determination of a UT angle (γ) that can be compared to a tree-level SM determination in the decay B– → D0 K–. For the first time, LHCb also presented results with data from LHC Run 2, which is ultimately expected to increase the size of the LHCb data samples by approximately a factor four. Longer term, the Belle II experiment based at the SuperKEKB collider recently enjoyed its first beam, and will begin its full physics programme in 2018. By 2024, Belle II should have collected 50 times more data than Belle, allowing unprecedented tests of rare B-meson decays and precision CP-violation measurements. On the same timescale, the LHCb upgrade will also be in full swing, with the goal of increasing the data size by least a factor 10 compared to Run 1 and Run 2. Plans for a second LHCb upgrade presented at the meeting would allow LHCb, given the long-term future of the LHC, to run at much higher instantaneous luminosities to yield an enormous data set by 2035. With more data the puzzles of flavour physics will be resolved thanks to the ongoing programme of LHCb, imminent results from rare-kaon-decay experiments (KOTO and NA62), and the Belle II/LHCb upgrade projects. No doubt there will be more revealing results by the time of the next CKM workshop, to be held in Heidelberg in September 2018. While there are many conferences focusing on physics at the high-energy frontier, the triennial PSI workshop at the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) in Switzerland concerns searches for new phenomena at non-collider experiments. These are complementary to direct searches at the LHC and often cover a parameter space that is beyond the reach of the LHC or even future colliders. The fourth workshop in this series, PSI2016, took place from 16–21 October and attracted more than 170 physicists. Theoretical overviews covered: precision QED calculations; beyond-the-Standard-Model implications of electric-dipole-moment (EDM) searches; axions and other light exotic particles; flavour symmetries; the muon g-2 problem; NLO calculations of the rare muon decay μ → eeeνν; and possible models to explain the exciting flavour anomalies presently seen in B decays. On the experimental side, several new results were presented. Fundamental neutron physics featured prominently, ranging from cold-neutron-beam experiments to those with stored ultracold neutrons at facilities such as ILL, PSI, LANL, TRIUMF and Mainz. Key experiments are measurements of the neutron lifetime, searches for a permanent EDM, measurements of beta-decay correlations and searches for exotic interactions. The future European Spallation Source in Sweden will also allow a new and much improved search for neutron–antineutron oscillations. Atomic physics and related methods offer unprecedented sensitivity to fundamental-physics aspects ranging from QED tests, parity violation in weak interactions, EDM and exotic physics to dark-matter (DM) and dark-energy searches. With the absence of signals from direct DM searches so far, light and ultralight DM is a focus of several upcoming experiments. Atomic physics also comprises precision spectroscopy of exotic atoms, and several highlight talks included the ongoing efforts at CERN’s Antiproton Decelerator with antihydrogen and with light muonic atoms at J-PARC and at PSI. For antiprotons and nuclei, impressive results from recent Penning-trap mass and g-factor measurements were presented with impacts on CPT tests, bound-state QED tests and more. Major international efforts are under way at PSI (μ → eγ, μ → eee), FNAL and J-PARC (μ → e conversion) devoted to muons and their lepton-flavour violating decays, and the upcoming muon g-2 experiments at FNAL and J-PARC have reported impressive progress. Last but not least, rare kaon decays (at CERN and J-PARC), new long-baseline neutrino oscillation results, developments towards direct neutrino-mass measurements, and CP and CPT tests with B mesons were reported. The field of low-energy precision physics has grown fast over the past few years, and participants plan to meet again at PSI in 2019. The fields of nanomaterials and nanotechnology are quickly evolving, with discoveries frequently reported across a wide range of applications including nanoelectronics, sensor technologies, drug delivery and robotics, in addition to the energy and healthcare sectors. At an academia–industry event on 20–21 October at GSI in Darmstadt, Germany, co-organised by the technology-transfer network HEPTech, delegates explored novel connections between nanotechnology and high-energy physics (HEP). The forum included an overview of the recent experiments at DESY’s hard X-ray source PETRA III, which allows the investigation of physical and chemical processes in situ and under working conditions and serves a large user community in many fields including nanotechnology. Thermal-scanning probe lithography, an increasingly reliable method for rapid and low-cost prototyping of 2D and quasi-3D structures, was also discussed. Much attention was paid to the production and application of nanostructures, where the achievements of the Ion Beam Center at Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf in surface nanostructuring and nanopatterning were introduced. UK firm Hardide Coatings Ltd presented its advanced surface-coating technology, the core of which are nano-structured tungsten-carbide-based coatings that have promising applications in HEP and vacuum engineering. Industry also presented ion-track technology, which is being used to synthesise 3D interconnected nanowire networks in micro-batteries or gas sensors, among other applications. Neutron-research infrastructures and large-scale synchrotrons are emerging as highly suitable platforms for the advanced characterisation of micro- and nano-electronic devices, and the audience heard the latest developments from the IRT Nanoelec Platform for Advanced Characterisation of Grenoble. The meeting addressed how collaboration between academia and industry in the nanotechnology arena can best serve the needs of HEP, with CERN presenting applications in gaseous detectors using the charge-transfer properties of graphene. The technology-transfer office at DESY also shared its experience in developing a marketing strategy for promoting the services of the DESY NanoLab to companies. Both academia and industry representatives left the event with a set of contacts and collaboration arrangements. On 24–25 November, academics and leading companies in the field of superconductivity met in Madrid, Spain, to explore the technical challenges of applying new accelerator technology to medicine. Organised by CIEMAT in collaboration with HEPTech, EUCARD2, CDTI, GSI and the Enterprise Europe Network, the event brought together 120 participants from 19 countries to focus on radioisotope production, particle therapy and gantries. Superconductivity has a range of applications in energy, medicine, fusion and high-energy physics (HEP). The latter are illustrated by CERN’s high-luminosity LHC (HL-LHC), now near construction with superconducting magnets made from advanced Nb Sn technology capable of 12 T fields. The HL-LHC demands greatly advanced superconducting cavities with more efficient and higher-gradient RF systems, plus the development of new devices such as crab cavities that can deflect or rotate single bunches of protons. On the industry side, new superconducting technology is ready to go into production for medical applications. A dedicated session presented novel developments in cyclotron production, illustrated by the AMIT project of CIEMAT (based on a cyclotron with a compact superconducting design that will be able to produce low-to-moderate rates of dose-on-demand 11C and 18F) and the French industry–academia LOTUS project system, which features a compact 12 MeV superconducting helium-free magnet cyclotron suitable for the production of these isotopes in addition to 68Ga. Antaya Science and Technology, meanwhile, reported on the development of a portable high-field superconducting cyclotron for the production of ammonia-13N in near proximity to the PET cameras. The meeting also heard from MEDICIS, the new facility under construction at CERN that will extend the capabilities of the ISOLDE radioactive ion-beam facility for production of radiopharmaceuticals and develop new accelerator technologies for medical applications (CERN Courier October 2016 p28). Concerning particle therapy, industry presented medical accelerators such as the MEVION S250 – a proton-therapy system based on a gantry-mounted 250 MeV superconducting synchrocyclotron that weighs less than 15 tonnes and generates magnetic fields in excess of 10 T. Global medical-technology company IBA described its two main superconducting cyclotrons for particle therapy: the Cyclone 400 for proton/carbon therapy and the S2C2 dedicated to proton therapy, with a particular emphasis on their superconducting coil systems. IBA also introduced the latest developments concerning ProteusONE – a single-room system that delivers the most clinically advanced form of proton-radiation therapy. Researchers from MIT in the US presented a novel compact superconducting synchrocyclotron based on an ironless magnet with a much reduced weight, while the TERA Foundation in Italy is developing superconducting technology for “cyclinacs” – accelerators that combine a cyclotron injector and a linac booster. Finally, the session on gantries covered developments such as a superconducting bending-magnet section for future compact isocentric gantries by researchers at the Paul Scherrer Institute, and a superconducting rotating gantry for carbon radiotherapy designed by the Japanese National Institute of Radiological Sciences. With demand for medical isotopes and advanced cancer therapy rising, we can look forward to rich collaborations between accelerator physics and the medical community in the coming years. The fifth in the series of Higgs Couplings workshops, which began just after the Higgs-boson discovery in 2012 to bring together theorists and experimentalists, was held at SLAC on 9–12 November and drew 148 participants from five continents. Discussions focused on lessons from the current round of LHC analyses that could be applied to future data. Modelling of signal and background is already limiting for some measurements, and new theoretical results and strategies were presented. Other key issues were the use of vector-boson fusion production as a tool, and the power and complementarity of diverse searches for heavy Higgs bosons. Two new themes emerged at the meeting. The first was the possibility of exotic decays of the 125 GeV Higgs boson. These include not only Higgs decays to invisible particles but also decays to lighter Higgs particles, light quarks and leptons (possibly with flavour violation) and new, long-lived particles. A number of searches from ATLAS and CMS reported their first results. The workshop also debated the application of effective field theory as a framework for parametrising precise Higgs measurements. The 6th Higgs Couplings meeting will be held in Heidelberg on 6–10 November 2017. We look forward to new ideas for the creative use of the large data samples of Higgs bosons that will become available as the LHC programme continues. The 8th International Conference on Hard and Electromagnetic Probes of High-energy Nuclear Collisions (Hard Probes 2016) was held in Wuhan, China, on 23–27 September. Hard and electromagnetic probes are powerful tools for the study of the novel properties of hot and dense QCD matter created in high-energy nucleus–nucleus collisions, and have provided much important evidence for the formation of quark–gluon plasma (QGP) in heavy-ion collisions at RHIC and the LHC. Hard Probe 2016 attracted close to 300 participants from 28 countries. The main topics discussed were: jet production and modification in QCD matter; high transverse-momentum hadron spectra and correlations; jet-induced medium excitations; jet properties in small systems; heavy flavour hadrons and quarkonia; photons and dileptons and initial states and related topics. The most recent experimental progress on hard and electromagnetic probes from the ALICE, ATLAS, CMS, LHCb, PHENIX and STAR collaborations, together with many new exciting theoretical and phenomenological developments, were discussed. The next Hard Probe conference will be held in Aix Les Bains, France, in 2018. The International Symposium on EXOtic Nuclei (EXON-2016), took place from 5–9 September in Kazan, Russia, attracting around 170 nuclear experts from 20 countries. The scientific programme focused on recent experiments on the synthesis and study of new super-heavy elements, the discovery of which demonstrates the efficiency of international co-operation. Interesting results were obtained in joint experiments on chemical identification of elements 112 and 114 performed at JINR (Russia), the GSI (Germany) and the Paul Scherrer Institute (Switzerland). A vivid example of co-operation with US scientists is an experiment on the synthesis of element 117 held at the cyclotron of JINR. Recently, the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry approved the discovery of the new elements with atomic numbers 113 (“nihonian”), 115 (“moscovium”), 117 (“tennessine”) and 118 (“oganesson”). Five laboratories, which are the co-founders of the symposium, are now creating a new generation of accelerators for the synthesis and study of new exotic nuclei. Projects such as SPIRAL2, RIKEN RI Beam Factory, FAIR, DRIBs, NICA and FRIB will allow us to delve further into the upper limits of the periodic table. The CERN Accelerator School (CAS) and the Wigner Research Centre for Physics jointly organised an introduction-to-accelerator-physics course in Budapest, Hungary, from 2–14 October, attended by more than 120 participants spanning 28 nationalities. This year, CAS will organise a specialised course on beam injection, extraction and transfer (to be held in Erice, Sicily, from 10–19 March) and a second specialised course on vacuum for particle accelerators (near Lund, Sweden, from 6–16 June). The next course on advanced-accelerator physics will be held in the UK in early September, and a Joint International Accelerator School on RF technology will be held in Hayama, Japan, from 16–26 October (www.cern.ch/schools/CAS).
News Article | February 23, 2017
DUBLIN--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Research and Markets has announced the addition of the "Stretchable Electronics Market - Forecasts from 2016 to 2021" report to their offering. The Stretchable Electronics Market is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 106.18% during the forecast period to reach the market size from US$4.687 billion in 2015 to US$360.069 billion by 2021. Stretchable electronics are the combination of electronic devices and the circuit that are stretchable in nature while retaining their functionality intact. Growth in the consumer electronics market, increased utilization of organic solar cells, extensive research to increase stretchability of material and miniaturization of electronic products for better operational speed are some of the key factors driving the growth of the market. Advantages such as light weight, high performance, and low manufacturing cost also contribute to market growth. Wearable communication devices, bio-integrated circuits, and robotic sensory skin are some of the applications of these electronics. The Stretchable Electronics market has been segmented on the basis of the type of component and end user industry. Under component: Circuit, Polymer, Battery and others have been covered. Whereas under application, the market is segmented into: consumer electronics, healthcare, aerospace and defense, communication and technology, and automotive, among others. A detailed comprehensive forecast with analysis has also been covered as part of this section. Key industry players profiled as part of this section are DuPont, Philips, Adidas AG, 3M, PARC, Cambrios, Bodymedia, and MC10. For more information about this report visit http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/xxbkdt/stretchable.
News Article | February 22, 2017
Washington DC, Feb. 22, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit: PARC, a Xerox company, today announced its presence at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) Innovation Summit to be held in Washington, D.C. February 27-March 1. Visit PARC’s Booth 615 to see demonstrations of the ARPA-E-funded technologies and discuss the implications with the researchers who are developing them. “We’ve seen great strides in the number and types of technologies supported by ARPA-E since we launched our Energy Program in 2006,” said Scott Elrod, VP responsible for PARC’s Energy Program. “ARPA-E showcases the most advanced and revolutionary technologies that can truly change the world, and we see a wide range of high-impact applications for the technologies we’re showing at the Summit. Government funding and support of long-term fundamental and applied research is critical, and PARC is honored to be an integral part of the work that ARPA-E continues to accomplish.” Metamaterials-Enhanced Passive Radiative Cooling Panels (ARPA-E Program: ARID): PARC is developing a low-cost, passive radiative cooling panel for hydronic cooling on rooftops for air conditioning. Simulations show that this can offset HVAC energy usage by as much as 50%.. Collaborative Optimization and Planning for Transportation Energy Reduction (COPTER) (ARPA-E Program: TRANSNET): PARC is developing its COPTER system to identify the energy-efficient itinerary modifications most likely to be adopted by travelers. COPTER will send recommendations for energy-efficient trips before departure, and provide real-time guidance to users to account for traffic or other interruptions. The technology aims to improve energy efficiency without requiring monetary incentives. Micro-Chiplet Printer (ARPA-E Program: MOSAIC): PARC is developing a prototype printer with the potential to enable economical, high-volume manufacturing of micro-PV cell arrays. PARC intends to create a printer demonstration that uses micro-CPV cells or "chiplets" as the "ink" and arranges the chiplets in a precise, predefined location and orientation, similar to how a document printer places ink on a page. Smart Embedded Network of Sensors with Optical Readout (SENSOR) (ARPA-E Program: AMPED): PARC has developed a low-cost embedded fiber optic sensing system for batteries to monitor key internal cell parameters during charge and discharge cycles. These advanced fiber optic sensing technologies have shown potential to dramatically improve the safety, performance, and lifetime of batteries and other critical systems. This systems is currently being tested for automotive batteries by GM. System of Printed Hybrid Intelligent Nano-Chemical Sensors (SPHINCS) (ARPA-E Program: MONITOR): PARC is working with BP and NASA Ames to combine low-cost print manufacturing and NASA's gas-sensing technologies to develop printable sensing arrays that will be integrated into a cost-effective, highly sensitive methane detection system. By using low-cost printing techniques, the system offers an affordable alternative to more expensive optical methane detectors on the market today. Scalable Transparent Thermal Barriers for Single-Pane Window Retrofits (ARPA-E Program: SHIELD): PARC and its partners are developing a new windowpane that incorporates a transparent polymer aerogel to prevent thermal losses. The new windowpane will be of similar weight and thickness and could replace existing windowpanes. Flexible Large-Area Thermoelectric Generators (ARPA-E Program: LATEGs): PARC is developing high-performance, low-cost thermoelectric devices on flexible materials to capture low-temperature waste heat, an abundant and difficult-to-harness energy resource. If successful, development and deployment of efficient flexible thermoelectric technologies would recapture wasted energy. About PARC PARC, a Xerox company, is in the Business of Breakthroughs®. Practicing open innovation, we provide custom R&D services, technology, expertise, best practices, and intellectual property to Fortune 500 and Global 1000 companies, startups, and government agencies and partners. We create new business options, accelerate time to market, augment internal capabilities, and reduce risk for our clients. Since its inception, PARC has pioneered many technology platforms – from the Ethernet and laser printing to the GUI and ubiquitous computing – and has enabled the creation of many industries. Incorporated as an independent, wholly owned subsidiary of Xerox in 2002, PARC today continues the research that enables breakthroughs for our clients' businesses. To learn more about PARC, visit www.parc.com or contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
News Article | February 28, 2017
ALBUQUERQUE, N.M.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Optomec, a leading global supplier of production grade additive manufacturing systems for 3D printed metals and 3D printed electronics, today announced that its President and CEO, Dave Ramahi, will participate in a NextFlex forum titled “Flexible Hybrid Electronics (FHE) Impact on Health and Safety of the Future” to be held March 1-2, 2017 at the PARC facility in Palo Alto, Calif. The forum will feature speakers from organizations including GE Healthcare, Boeing, Jabil, Airforce Research Lab and several others. The discussion and presentations will focus on how the cost and effectiveness of healthcare and the safety of aging infrastructure are significant challenges facing America. Flexible Hybrid Electronics (FHE) holds the promise to improve healthcare comfort and costs through solutions such as telemedicine and remote monitoring. Additionally, FHE has the potential to improve the safety of transportation, transit infrastructure, and utility infrastructure in a cost-effective manner through data-based structural health assessment, maintenance and replacement. Ramahi will contribute to the forum with a presentation titled “Printing 3D Sensors and Antennas Directly onto Products.” Ramahi will discuss how Optomec’s Aerosol Jet system can directly print 3D sensors and antennas onto existing structures, or be used to more tightly package traditional discrete sensors and antenna in a 3D setting. The enables production of Smart Products that are an essential building block for the Internet of Things (IoT) and Industrial Internet. Optomec’s direct 3D printing approach compares with legacy discrete sensor & antenna production, which is generally 2D, and fails to optimize for cost, size, weight and performance when adapted to 3D products. Ramahi will also share how Optomec is developing sets of generic sensor and antenna reference libraries to help speed the adoption of Smart Product solutions. NextFlex is a public-private consortium of companies, academic institutions, nonprofits and governments with a mission to advance U.S. manufacturing of flexible hybrid electronics. NextFlex encourages investment in the manufacturing ecosystem for this exciting technology, in return for receiving intellectual property, new product ideas and partnering opportunities. For more information on the event, click here. Optomec is a privately held, rapidly growing supplier of Additive Manufacturing systems. Optomec’s patented Aerosol Jet Systems for printed electronics and LENS 3D Printers for metal components are used by industry to reduce product cost and improve performance. Together, these unique printing solutions work with the broadest spectrum of functional materials, ranging from electronic inks to structural metals and even biological matter. Optomec has more than 200 marquee customers around the world, targeting production applications in the Electronics, Energy, Life Sciences and Aerospace industries. LENS (Laser Engineered Net Shaping) is a registered trademark of Sandia National Laboratories. Aerosol Jet and Optomec are registered trademarks of Optomec Inc.
News Article | February 27, 2017
Between Microsoft and Apple, who really copied whom when it came to the companies' original graphical interface? Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates attempted to put an end to the debate on Monday, when he said neither. Instead, Gates said, both of those companies copied Xerox. "The main 'copying' that went on relative to Steve [Jobs] and me is that we both benefited from the work that Xerox PARC did in creating graphical interface -- it wasn't just them but they did the best work," Gates said in a Reddit Ask Me Anything on Monday. "We didn't violate any IP rights Xerox had but their work showed the way that led to the Mac and Windows." Gates is something of a celebrity Reddit user, regularly participating in the site's Secret Santa gift exchanges and AMAs. Since his first AMA in 2013, he's netted more than 71,000 comments. Besides his views on Xerox being the graphical interface pioneer, Gates answered questions about some of his favorite TV shows ("Silicon Valley," "The Crown" and "Downtown Abbey") and how he wears a hat in public for disguise. The Microsoft co-founder also said that the next technological advancement he'd like to see in his lifetime is computers to become a bit more like humans. "The big milestone is when computers can read and understand information like humans do," Gates said. "Right now computers don't know how to represent knowledge so they can't read a text book and pass a test." Solving for XX: The industry seeks to overcome outdated ideas about "women in tech."